Plant Threats to Pacific Ecosystems: Andaman Islands

PIER plant species present in the Andaman Islands listed by scientific name

A product of the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER)

Andaman Islands ]   [ India (Indian Ocean offshore islands) ]   [ Indian Ocean region ]

This table lists invasive and potentially invasive plant species profiled by the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER) that occur in the Andaman Islands. It includes those of environmental concern (including those that are probably of threat only to islands with high elevations) as well as agricultural and ruderal weeds.  Each species is linked by its scientific name to an individual write-up containing relevant information.

The information in this table is based on the supporting data and may not represent the current situation. Note also there may be discrepancies among data presented at geographic resolutions (e.g., island vs. island group vs. country-territory-state levels), depending upon the reliability of the data at each level.

Species are listed in alphabetic order.  You can browse this list or use the "find" function on your web browser to search by scientific name.

Can't find it here?  Check the list of synonyms for other names (the more common synonyms are included below) or search other lists and databases available on the Internet.

Stumped by botanical terms?  Here are links to a brief glossary and a search engine for botanical terms.

Scientific name (+Family) Often-used other Latin names Habit Primarily a threat
at high elevations?
Aegle marmelos   (Rutaceae) Belou marmelos (L.) A. Lyons; Crateva marmelos L. tree No
Aeschynomene americana   (Fabaceae)   herb No
Albizia chinensis   (Fabaceae) Acacia stipulata DC.; Albizia marginata (Lam.) Merr.; Albizia stipulata(Roxb.) Boivin; Mimosa chinensis Osbeck tree No
Allophylus cobbe   (Sapindaceae) Rhus cobbe L. tree No
Anodendron paniculatum   (Apocynaceae) Echites paniculatus Roxb. vine No
Archidendron clypearia   (Fabaceae) Inga clypearia Jack; Pithecellobium angulatum Benth.; Pithecellobium clypearia (Jack) Benth.; Pithecellobium heterophyllum J. F. Macbr.; Pithecellobium montanum Benth.; Pithecellobium subcoriaceum Thwaites tree No
Brucea javanica   (Simaroubaceae) Brucea amarissima (Lour.) Desv. ex Gomes; Brucea sumatrana Roxb.; Gonus amarissimus Lour.; Rhus javanica L. shrub/tree No
Chukrasia tabularis   (Meliaceae) Chukrasia velutina M. Roem. tree No
Cissus nodosa   (Vitaceae)   vine No
Cissus quadrangularis   (Vitaceae) Vitis quadrangularis (L.) Wall. ex Wight vine No
Cissus repens   (Vitaceae)   vine No
Clerodendrum paniculatum   (Lamiaceae)   shrub No
Clitoria ternatea   (Fabaceae) Clitoria albiflora Mattei; Clitoria bracteata Poir.; Clitoria mearnsii De Wild. vine No
Combretum indicum   (Combretaceae) Combretum indicum (L.) Jongkind; Kleinia quadricolor Crantz; Mekistus sinensis Loureiro ex B. A. Gomes; Ourouparia enormis Yamamoto; Quisqualis indica L. vine No
Crotalaria juncea   (Fabaceae)   herb No
Cyperus compressus   (Cyperaceae)   sedge No
Cyperus haspan   (Cyperaceae) Cyperus halpan L. [incorrect spelling] sedge No
Cyperus rotundus   (Cyperaceae) Chlorocyperus rotundus (L.) Palla; Cyperus tetrastachyos Desf. sedge No
Dalbergia latifolia   (Fabaceae) Amerimnon latifolium (Roxb.) Kuntze tree No
Derris elliptica   (Fabaceae) Deguelia elliptica (Roxb.) Taub.; Paraderris elliptica (Wall.) F. Adema; Pongamia elliptica Wallich vine No
Eleusine indica   (Poaceae) Cynosurus indicus L.; Eleusine japonica Steud. grass No
Epipremnum pinnatum 'Aureum'   (Araceae)   vine No
Eragrostis amabilis   (Poaceae) Eragrostis plumosa (Retz.) Link; Eragrostis tenella (L.) P. Beauv. ex Roem. & Schult.; Poa tenella L. grass No
Flueggea virosa   (Phyllanthaceae) Phyllanthus virosus Roxb. ex Willd.; Securinega virosa (Roxb. ex Willd.) Baill. shrub No
Gmelina elliptica   (Verbenaceae)   shrub No
Kyllinga nemoralis   (Cyperaceae) Cyperus kyllingia Endl.; Kyllinga monocephala Rottb. sedge No
Leucaena leucocephala   (Fabaceae) Acacia glauca Willd.; Leucaena glauca auct.; Mimosa leucocephala Lam. tree No
Macaranga tanarius   (Euphorbiaceae) Ricinus tanarius L. tree No
Millettia pinnata   (Fabaceae) Cytisus pinnatus L.; Derris indica (Lam.) Bennet; Galedupa indica Lam.; Galedupa pinnata (L.) Taub.; Pongamia glabra Ventenat; Pongamia mitis Kurz; Pongamia pinnata (Linnaeus) Pierre tree No
Mucuna bracteata   (Fabaceae) Stizolobium bracteatum (DC. ex Kurz) Kuntze vine No
Neptunia oleracea   (Fabaceae) Neptunia natans auct.; Neptunia prostrata auct. aquatic herb No
Paederia foetida   (Rubiaceae) Paederia scandens (Lour.) Merr. vine No
Pinanga coronata   (Arecaceae) Areca coronata Blume ex Mart; Pinanga kuhlii Blume tree No
Pueraria phaseoloides   (Fabaceae) Dolichos phaseoloides Roxb. vine No
Rubus moluccanus   (Rosaceae)   shrub No
Themeda arguens   (Poaceae)   grass No
Uraria lagopodioides   (Fabaceae)   herb No

Need more info?  Have questions?  Comments?  Information to contribute?  Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

Andaman Islands ]   [ India (Indian Ocean offshore islands) ]   [ Indian Ocean region ] [  PIER home  ]

This page was last regenerated on 26FEB2019.