Global Compendium of Weeds
Zea mays (Poaceae)
Presented here is summary information about the species Zea mays from the Global Compendium of Weeds, and citations of references to this species as a weed. Definitions of terms are available in the GCW introduction . For further information--or to report corrections or concerns--contact email@example.com.
Synonyms/other Latin names: [ see GRIN ]
Status(es) (compiled for below "Data sources"): agricultural weed, casual alien, cultivation escape, garden thug, naturalised, weed [for definitions, see the GCW introduction .]
Origin (native to where): [no info]
CHECKLIST OF THE VASCULAR PLANTS OF FINLAND, based on Kurtto, A. & Lahti, T. 1987: Suomen putkilokasvien luettelo (Checklist of the vascular plants of Finland). - Pamphl. Bot. Mus. Univ. Helsinki 11: I.-VI + 1-163. The list includes all the vascular plants found in Finland up to 1987, excluding those only in cultivation (i.e. taxa found during the past few years - mainly casual plants or plants escaping from cultivation are missing, and erroneous records of the 1987 list have not been corrected)
Alanen, A., Bongard, T., Einarsson, E., Hansen, H., Hedlund, L., Jansson, K., Josefsson, M., Philipp, M., Sandlund, O.T., Svart, A.E., Svart, H.E. and Weidema, I. (2004?). Introduced Species in the Nordic Countries (Denmark) under Nordic Council of Ministers (NMR), subgroup Natur-og Friluftslivsgruppen.
Alien plants of Fuerteventura, Canary Islands. Plantas extranjeras de Fuerteventura, Islas Canarias - korrigierte Fassung vom 23.01.2002 - Prof. Dr. Dietmar Brandes, Dipl.-Biol. Katrin Fritzsch. Arbeitsgruppe für Vegetationsökologie und experimentelle Pflanzensoziologie Botanisches Institut und Botanischer Garten der TU Braunschweig D-38023 Braunschweig. Abstract: The nowadays flora of Fuerteventura contains some 780 species. At least 119 species are aliens, some 150 further species of mediterranean and/or North African origin are probably introduced too. The estimated percentage of aliens therefore reaches 35 %.
Barker, N. and Wood, J. (1998). Seed Impurities of Grain: an identification kit. Vicgrain Ltd. Victoria. (small pocket sized pictorial guide to the weed seeds commonly found in bulk grains)
Bernard H. Zandstra (2003). Weed Control Guide for Vegetable Crops. MSU Extension Bulletin E-433 (Revised November 2002). Department of Horticulture, Michigan State University
Botond, M. & Zoltán, B.D.(eds.) (2004) Biological Invasions in Hungary. Invasive Plants. TermészetBUVAR Alapítvány Kiadó.
Check-list of the Flowering Plants and Ferns of Cornwall and the Isles of Scilly - 1994 C.N. French and R.J. Murphy. University of Exeter
Colin C. Ogle (last revision May 2003). Adventive plants collected in the Wanganui Conservancy of the New Zealand Department of Conservation, 1988-present. (Unpublished working list). Author's address: 22 Forres St, Wanganui, New Zealand. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Essl, F. & Rabitsch, W. (eds.) (2002). Neobiota in Österreich. Umweltbundesamt GmbH, Wien.
Flora List for Pohnpei from Christopher Dahl (File creation date 15 Nov 1997) College of Micronesia-FSM Botany 250
Hill, M., Baker, R., Broad, G., Chandler, P.J., Copp, G.H., Ellis, J., Jones, D., Hoyland, C., Laing, I., Longshaw, M., Moore, N., Parrott, D., Pearman, D., Preston, C., Smith, R.M. and Waters, R.(2005). Audit of non-native species in England. English Nature Research Reports N° 662, English Nature.
I3N-Paraguay Datasets. Naturalised Flora.
Introduced (Alien) Species Checklist: Biodiversity & Environmental Resource Data System of Belize. [This list may be incomplete as all known data has not yet been entered into the system. Note: This is a species checklist for the entire country. It may or may not display actual specimens within the BERDS database. [ i ] icon links to Species Profiles. X's in green under the districts section link to specimen data for that district. Click the [map] link in the Table header to view a map of the districts. This checklist is automatically revised as new specimen data are added to BERDS.]
Introduced (Naturalised) Flora of Ecuador: Catalogs on Web site of owners: http://www.ambiente.gov.ec/AMBIENTE/i3n2000 I3N.htm (If this link is broken, try www.ambiente.gov.ec, then access the data by clicking on "Ecuador Megadiverso" link at the top, then on "Biodiversidad del Ecuador" on the right, then on ""I3N"" on the left.) [ online info ]
Introduced (Naturalised) Species to the United States [USDA, NRCS 1999. The PLANTS database. National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. ] (naturalised)
Introduced plants in Galapagos. Introduced Species Registered in the Charles Darwin Research Station Herbarium as present in Galapagos (616 species, not including questionably native species), November 2004.
John Hosking, NSW Department of Agriculture, Weed Database 30 April 2003
Landcare Research New Zealand (2001) Plant Names Database.
Lindemann, H.V. (2006). La flora interactiva de las malezas de México. Colegio de Postgraduados en Ciencias Agrícolas. For comments please write to: email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org. (Dec, 2006)
Liogier, H.A. (2000). Flora of Puerto Rico and Adjacent Islands. A Systematic Synopsis. (2nd Edition). Universidad de Puerto Rico
List of Mediterranean Weeds compiled by Sarah Brunel as part of the Medit Weeds Workshop June 2005. Chargée de mission "Plantes envahissantes" Conservatoire Botanique National Méditerranéen de Porquerolles 34 090 MONTPELLIER FRANCE
Marticorena, C. & Quezada, A. (1985). Catálogo de la flora vascular de Chile. GAYANA, BOTANICA Vol 42 No. 1-2 Universidad de Concepcion-Chile.
National Department of Agriculture, South Africa. "List of plants and their control". Contains all names appearing on all labels (most of the labels are crop related and most of the weeds are not legislated).
Preston, C.D., Pearman, D.A. and Dines, T.D. (2002) New Atlas of the British & Irish Flora. An Atlas of the Vascular Plants of Britain, Ireland, the Isle of Man and the Channel Islands. Oxford University Press.
Pysek, P., Sadlo, J. and Mandak (2002) Catalogue of Alien Plants of the Czech Republic. Preslia, Praha. 74:97-186.
Qiang, S., Cao X. (2000) Survey and analysis of exotic weeds in China. Journal of Plant Resources 9(4): 34-64
Ryves, T.B., Clement, E.J. and Foster, M.C. (1996) Alien Grasses of the British Isles. Botanical Society of the British Isles, London.
SMURPHBOT: A DATABASE OF FLORA OF NORTHEASTERN CANADA/U.S. Last Updated: January 14, 20043 Stephen D. Murphy, B.Sc. (Hons.), Ph.D. Associate Professor Dept. of Environment and Resource Studies, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, N2L 3G1 Canada. Voice: 519-885-1211 ext. 5616 Fax: 519-746-0292 E-mail: sd2murph @ fes.uwaterloo.ca
Sergei L. Mosyakin and Oksana G. Yavorska (2002) The Nonnative Flora of the Kiev (Kyiv) Urban Area, Ukraine: A Checklist and Brief Analysis URBAN HABITATS, VOLUME 1, NUMBER 1 : ISSN 1541-7115 Sergei L. Mosyakin and Oksana G. Yavorska M.G. Kholodny Institute of Botany, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 2 Tereshchenkivska Street, Kyiv (Kiev), 01601 Ukraine; email@example.com
The Exotic Flora of Victoria. (1998) Data supplied by Department of Natural Resources and Environment, Victoria, State Herbarium.
The Exotic Plants of Southern Florida. Exotic Specifics. The Institute for Regional Conservation George D. Gann and Keith A. Bradley firstname.lastname@example.org 22601 S.W. 152 Ave. Miami, Florida 33170. (weed)
Wu, S.H., Hsieh, C.F. and Rejmanek, M. (2004). Catalouge of the Naturalized Flora of Taiwan. Taiwania, 49 (1) pp:16-31.
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GCW species list
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This page was created on 13 September 2007 by PT, and was last updated on
04 October 2007
by PT based on data from Rod Randall's Global Compendium of Weeds database dated 24 January 2007.