Global Compendium of Weeds
Xanthium strumarium (Asteraceae)
Presented here is summary information about the species Xanthium strumarium from the Global Compendium of Weeds, and citations of references to this species as a weed. Definitions of terms are available in the GCW introduction . For further information--or to report corrections or concerns--contact email@example.com.
Synonyms/other Latin names: [ see GRIN ]
Status(es) (compiled for below "Data sources"): agricultural weed, casual alien, cultivation escape, environmental weed, naturalised, noxious weed, weed [for definitions, see the GCW introduction .]
Origin (native to where): [no info]
EXOTIC WEEDS AND ALIENS. An html page found on the UNDP sponsored Sustainable Development Networking Programme Website - India now being maintained by the ENVIS Secretariat, Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India, New Delhi.
Important Weed Species in Crops and Countries. Data stored from 59 developing countries and regularly updated. (Information gathered from various FAO reports) Information kindly provided by Mrs Sermsiri Kongsaengdao Botany & Weed Science Division DOA Thailand. FAO Weed Management, Ricardo Labrada.
Important Weed Species in Crops and Countries. Data stored from 59 developing countries and regularly updated. (Information kindly provided by Dr A.E. Irmaileh) FAO Weed Management, Ricardo Labrada.
Important Weed Species in Crops and Countries. Data stored from 59 developing countries and regularly updated. (Information kindly provided by Dr K. Ampong-Nyarko) Information provided by Dr Kwesi Ampong-Nyarko in his mission for FAO in Erithrea. FAO Weed Management, Ricardo Labrada.
Important Weed Species in Crops and Countries. Data stored from 59 developing countries and regularly updated. (Information kindly provided by Mr Ahmet Uludag) FAO Weed Management, Ricardo Labrada.
Important Weed Species in Crops and Countries. Data stored from 59 developing countries and regularly updated. (Information kindsly provided by Mr Mohammad Ali Baghestani Meybody) FAO Weed Management, Ricardo Labrada.
Weeds and weed management in tomatos, Details from single countries. - Spain (by Carlos Zaragoza)
Importation of Fresh Bananas from the Philippines Technical Information Paper May 2002. BIOSECURITY AUSTRALIA. (Tables 16 & 17 (Weeds))
20% of the species are Asteraceae, 6% are Poaceae, -
A list of weed species from various New Zealand references to "weeds" compiled by P.A.Williams, Landcare Research, New Zealand.
Acuna, G.J. (1974). Plantas Indeseables en Los Cultivos Cubanos. Academia de Ciencias, Insitituto de Investigaciones de Cuba, Havana.
Alanen, A., Bongard, T., Einarsson, E., Hansen, H., Hedlund, L., Jansson, K., Josefsson, M., Philipp, M., Sandlund, O.T., Svart, A.E., Svart, H.E. and Weidema, I. (2004?). Introduced Species in the Nordic Countries (Denmark) under Nordic Council of Ministers (NMR), subgroup Natur-og Friluftslivsgruppen.
Australian Quarantine Inspection Service (WAQIS) Quarantine Weed
n Software Development Company. (weed)
Auld, B.A. and Medd, R.W. (1992) WEEDS, An illustrated botanical guide to the weeds of Australia. Inkata Press, Melbourne. (weed)
Balogh L, Dancza István, Királi G (2005) Actual list of neophytes in Hungary and their classification according to their success. In: Mihály B, Botta-Dukát Z (eds.), Biological invasions in Hungary, invasive plants, 61-92. Természet BUVAR Alapítvány Kiadó, Budapest. (naturalised)
Barker, N. and Wood, J. (1998). Seed Impurities of Grain: an identification kit. Vicgrain Ltd. Victoria. (small pocket sized pictorial guide to the weed seeds commonly found in bulk grains)
Barker, W.R., R.M.Barker, J.P. Jessop & H.P. Vonow (Eds.) (2005). Census of South Australian Vascular Plants. 5th Edition. J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. Supplement 1. (Botanic Gardens of Adelaide & State Herbarium: Adelaide). (naturalised)
Bernard H. Zandstra (2003). Weed Control Guide for Vegetable Crops. MSU Extension Bulletin E-433 (Revised November 2002). Department of Horticulture, Michigan State University (agricultural weed)
Botha, C. (2001). Common Weeds of Crops and Gardens in Southern Africa. ARC - Grain Crops Institute, South Africa. (agricultural weed)
Botond, M. & Zoltán, B.D.(eds.) (2004) Biological Invasions in Hungary. Invasive Plants. TermészetBUVAR Alapítvány Kiadó.
Boulos, Wu, S.H., Hsieh, C.F. and Rejmanek, M. (2004). Catalouge of the Naturalized Flora of Taiwan. Taiwania, 49 (1) pp:16-31.
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GCW species list
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This page was created on 13 September 2007 by PT, and was last updated on
04 October 2007
by PT based on data from Rod Randall's Global Compendium of Weeds database dated 24 January 2007.