Global Compendium of Weeds
Urtica dioica (Urticaceae)
Presented here is summary information about the species Urtica dioica from the Global Compendium of Weeds, and citations of references to this species as a weed. Definitions of terms are available in the GCW introduction . For further information--or to report corrections or concerns--contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
Synonyms/other Latin names: [ see GRIN ]
Status(es) (compiled for below "Data sources"): agricultural weed, casual alien, cultivation escape, environmental weed, garden thug, naturalised, noxious weed, weed [for definitions, see the GCW introduction .]
Origin (native to where): [no info]
A list of weed species from various New Zealand references to "weeds" compiled by P.A.Williams, Landcare Research, New Zealand.
Alien Species. On March 10, the Japanese Cabinet submitted the bill dealing with invasive alien species to the Diet. The Diet passed the bill without amendments and the Invasive Alien Species Act was promulgated as of June 2, 2004. List of alien species recognized to be established in Japan or found in the Japanese wild (as of October 27, 2004) [PDF]
Andersen, R.N. (1968). Germination and Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes. Weed Science Society of America Handbook. WSSA, Illinois.
Anderson, W.P. (1999). Perennial Weeds. Iowa State University Press Iowa, USA
Anon (1992). The Grower's Weed Identification Handbook by Family and by Aphabetical Listing. Publication 4030. - Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California.
Anon. (1972). Weed Manual. 8th Ed. [2nd revised and extended Edition] Schering AG, Berlin.
Bernard H. Zandstra (2003). Weed Control Guide for Vegetable Crops. MSU Extension Bulletin E-433 (Revised November 2002). Department of Horticulture, Michigan State University
Bromilow, C. (1995) Problem Plants of South Africa. Briza Publications, Arcardia, South Africa.
Calder, J. A. & Taylor, L. R. (1968). Flora of the Queen Charlotte Islands. Part 1. Systematics of the vascular plants. Canada Department of Agriculture, Research Branch, Monograph No. 4, Part 1, 659 pp.
Checklist of wild flowering plants and ferns in Iceland. Flora of Iceland
Chris Buddenhagen and Melanie Newfield (pers comm. 2001) A list of potential and actual environmental weeds for New Zealand. Department of Conservation.
Cirsium 2002 T. Seliskar & Institut za fitomedicino BF. Check list of organisms with Bayer codes, use codes, pictures and passports with over 200.000 Latin names and 120.000 Native name . Source of latin names and common names EPPO Plant Protection Thesaurus, Registry of Flora of Slovenia, Mala flora Slovenije Photos by: Branko Vres, Andrej Seliskar, Franci Celar, Stanislav Gomboc, Robert Brus, Lea Milevoj, Gregor Urek, H. Weilguny Bla_ Segula.
Colin C. Ogle (last revision May 2003). Adventive plants collected in the Wanganui Conservancy of the New Zealand Department of Conservation, 1988-present. (Unpublished working list). Author's address: 22 Forres St, Wanganui, New Zealand. Email: email@example.com
Conabio » Programa de especies invasoras » Especies invasoras plantas (Mexico)
Darbyshire, S.J. (2003). Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds. Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. Ottawa, Ontario. (agricultural weed)
Darrow, R.A. Erickson, L.C. Holstrum, J.T.Jnr., Miller, J.F., Scudder, W.F. and Williams, J.L. Jnr. (1966) Report of the Terminology Committee, Standardized Names of Weeds. WSSA (14), 346-386. Weed Science Society of America.
Environmental Weed List Victoria. Supplied by Weedmanager.Net (Source not cited but possibly drawn from Carr et al. Environmental Weeds of Victoria)
Ernst Hafliger, (Basle), and Josef Brun-Hool, (Lucerne) (1968-) CIBA-GEIGY WEED TABLES A synoptic presentation of the flora accompanying agricultural crops.
Faith T. Campbell; American Landss Alliance; draft lists of exotic plant species invasive in continental United States mentioned as invasive by someone but lacking sufficient source to include on main list; most but not all exotic in origin: weed
Germplasm Resources Information Network G.R.I.N. GRIN
Hanf, M. (1983). The Arable Weeds of Europe, with their seedlings and seeds. BASF Aktiengesellschaft, D-6700 Ludwigshafen. Germany
Henderson, M., and Anderson, JG. (1966). Common Weeds of South Africa. Memoirs of the Botanical Surveys of South Africa N° 37, Department of Agriculture, Technical Services, Republic of South Africa.
Holm, L. G., Pancho, J. V., Herberger, J. P. and Plucknett, D. L. (1979). A Geographical Atlas of World Weeds. John Wiley and Sons NewYork, USA
HortGuard and GrainGuard Initial Threat List Compilations (agricultural weed)
Introduced (Naturalised) Flora of Ecuador: Catalogs on Web site of owners: http://www.ambiente.gov.ec/AMBIENTE/i3n2000 I3N.htm (If this link is broken, try www.ambiente.gov.ec, then access the data by clicking on "Ecuador Megadiverso" link at the top, then on "Biodiversidad del Ecuador" on the right, then on ""I3N"" on the left.) [ online info ]
Introduced (Naturalised) Species to the United States [USDA, NRCS 1999. The PLANTS database. National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. ]
Invasive Plant Species in Delaware. William A. McAvoy ( Botanist) Delaware Natural Heritage Program June 2001. This list contains 64 species and varieties of alien vascular plants considered to be invasive in the state of Delaware. These species are or have extreme potential to be detrimental to natural systems; i.e. displace native vegetation and disrupt ecological processes.
Invasive and Exotic Weeds. Invasive List: The Source for Information and Images of Invasive & Exotic Species. A joint project of The University of Georgia's Bugwood Network, USDA Forest Service and USDA APHIS PPQ.
Williams, G. and Hunyadi, K. (1987). Dictionary of Weeds of Eastern Europe: Thier common names and importance in Latin, Albanian, Bulgarian, Czech, German, English, Greek, Hungarian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbo-Croat and Slovak. Elsevier. Amsterdam.
Some documents posted on the HEAR website are in Adobe Acrobat PDF format. If your computer is not already set up to read these files, you can download the FREE Adobe Acrobat reader. You can set up most web browsers to automatically invoke this reader (as a "helper application" or "add-in") upon encountering documents of this type (refer to your browser's documentation for how to do this).
GCW species list
Comments? Questions? Send e-mail to: firstname.lastname@example.org
This page was created on 13 September 2007 by PT, and was last updated on
04 October 2007
by PT based on data from Rod Randall's Global Compendium of Weeds database dated 24 January 2007.