Western Australia Department of Agriculture (AgWest) Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR) Global Compendium of Weeds (GCW) Global Compendium of Weeds
Schinus terebinthifolius (Anacardiaceae)


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Presented here is summary information about the species Schinus terebinthifolius from the Global Compendium of Weeds, and citations of references to this species as a weed. Definitions of terms are available in the GCW introduction View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format. For further information--or to report corrections or concerns--contact webmaster@hear.org.


Synonyms/other Latin names:see GRIN ]

Status(es) (compiled for below "Data sources"): agricultural weed, casual alien, cultivation escape, environmental weed, garden thug, naturalised, noxious weed, sleeper weed, weed [for definitions, see the GCW introduction View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format.]

Origin (native to where): [no info]



Data sources:

Actual and Prospective Weeds. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk Project; http://www.hear.org/pier/ [ online info ]

A Draft list of Species Reported Alien to the Caribbean. This table presents provisional information on the distribution of species reported alien in the Caribbean. The list is drawn from a work in progress database that aims to collate more detailed information on the occurrence and impact of all species known to occur as aliens in the region. The species listed are those reported to be established in the wild in marine; freshwater or terrestrial habitats. Some of the species on the list are regarded as invasive (spreading) in at least one Caribbean territory. As a working document; it is anticipated that this list will contain some omissions and errors. In particular; it is expected that the distributions of many species will be incomplete. The intention therefore is to provide a list for discussion; aiding workshop participants to contribute to and; where necessary; correct information on the occurrence and impact of alien species in the region. CABIBioscience

A list of weed species from various New Zealand references to weeds compiled by P.A.Williams, Landcare Research, New Zealand.

A summary of a study of the status and impacts of invading exotic plants in South Africa (Summary of information on prominent weed species in South Africa after Dean et al. 1986 and Henderson 1995.)

AN OVERVIEW OF INVASIVE WOODY PLANTS IN THE TROPICS. PIERRE BINGGELI, John B. Hall and John R. Healey p.binggeli@ulst.ac.uk

ANEXO 1 - Espécies introduzidas em Portugal continental - (I) Invasoras. Legislaçao Nacional Decreto-Lei no. 565/99 de 21-12-1999 (Versao 1 Originária) Decreto-Lei565/9921-12-1999 Ministério do Ambiente Regula a introduçao na natureza de espécies nao indígenas da flora e fauna. Espécies nao indígenas da flora e da fauna 21-12-1999295 fauna, flora, animais domésticos, espécies de fauna ameaçadas, protecçao dos animais, vegetaçao Direito do Ambiente 1999-12-21 S

Alien Invasive Plants of Jamaica. IABIN Invasive Species Information Network - Jamaica (I3N - JA) I3N - JA is coordinated by the Jamaica Clearing-House Mechanism.

Alien Species. On March 10, the Japanese Cabinet submitted the bill dealing with invasive alien species to the Diet. The Diet passed the bill without amendments and the Invasive Alien Species Act was promulgated as of June 2, 2004. List of alien species recognized to be established in Japan or found in the Japanese wild (as of October 27, 2004) [PDF]

Alien plants of Fuerteventura, Canary Islands. Plantas extranjeras de Fuerteventura, Islas Canarias - korrigierte Fassung vom 23.01.2002 - Prof. Dr. Dietmar Brandes, Dipl.-Biol. Katrin Fritzsch. Arbeitsgruppe für Vegetationsökologie und experimentelle Pflanzensoziologie Botanisches Institut und Botanischer Garten der TU Braunschweig D-38023 Braunschweig. Abstract: The nowadays flora of Fuerteventura contains some 780 species. At least 119 species are aliens, some 150 further species of mediterranean and/or North African origin are probably introduced too. The estimated percentage of aliens therefore reaches 35 %.

Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds after a request by Sarah Lowe from ISSG New Zealand to the Aliens email list group.

An analysis of 233 species of important and potentially important invasive plants in South Africa (i.e. the reason for importation). The species were extracted from the book Henderson, L. 2001. Alien weeds and invasive plants. Plant Protection Research Institute Handbook No. 12. (L. Henderson pers. comm.)

Anon, (----). Species introduced in Continental Portugal [Espécies introduzidas em Portugal Continenta]. ICN - Instituto da Conservacao da Natureza.

Avinoam Danin, (2000). Species "new to" the Flora Palaestina area. Flora Mediterranea, 10: 109-172. 2. (The Nomenclature News of Flora Palaestina. Department of Evolution, Systematics, and Ecology, The A. Silberman Institute for Life Sciences, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel 91904)

Bargeron, C.T., D.J. Moorhead, G.K. Douce, R.C. Reardon & A.E. Miller (Tech. Coordinators). 2003. Invasive Plants of the Eastern U.S.: Identification and Control. USDA Forest Service - Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team. Morgantown, WV USA. FHTET-2003-08 (CD version: Nov 2003)

Batianoff, G.N. and Butler, D.W. (2002). Assessment of Invasive naturalized plants in south-east Queensland. Appendix. 1 Plant Protection Quarterly 17, 27-34.

Blood, K. (2001) NOT USED IN HER BOOK

Brossard, C.C., Randall, J.M. and Hoshovsky, M.C (2000) Invasive Plants of California's Wildlands. University of California Press, USA

California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI)

Chris Buddenhagen and Melanie Newfield (pers comm. 2001) A list of potential and actual environmental weeds for New Zealand. Department of Conservation.

City of Sacramento, Ordinance Number 92-064. An Ordinance relating to Water Conserving Landscape Reqirements. To save water by the appropriate use of water conserving plants. (November 1992.)

Collier County Natural Resources Department Exotic Plant Management Collier County Land Development Code: Section 2.4

Cronk, Q.C.B and Fuller, J.L. (1995). Plant Invaders, The threat to natural ecosystems. Chapman and Hall United Kingdom

Csurhes, S. and Edwards, R. (1998) Potential Environmental Weeds in Australia, Candidate Species For Preventative Control. Biodiversity Group, Environment Australia, Canberra, ACT.

Dana, E.D., Sanz, M., Vivas, S. and Sobrino, E. (2005). Especies Vegetales Invasoras en Andalucía. Junta de Andalucía.

Darrow, R.A. Erickson, L.C. Holstrum, J.T.Jnr., Miller, J.F., Scudder, W.F. and Williams, J.L. Jnr. (1966) Report of the Terminology Committee, Standardized Names of Weeds. WSSA (14), 346-386. Weed Science Society of America.

Declared Weeds and Invader plants of South Africa (2000)

Environmental Weed List. VEGETATION OF NOOSA SHIRE EDITION 2. This document comprises a list of environmental weeds drawn from Vegetation of Noosa Shire Edition 2. The list is updated from time to time, as new information becomes available.

Exotic Pest Plants of Ecological Concern in California

Faith T. Campbell; American Lands Alliance; Worst Invasive Plant Species in the conterminous United States: weed

Flora of the Marquesas islands. Botany Department of Systematic Biology. Smithsonian Institute.

Staples, George W., Derral Herbst & Clyde T. Imada (2000). Survey of Invasive or Potentially Invasive Cultivated Plants in Hawaii. A Special Publication of the Records of the Hawaii Biological Survey for 1999. Honolulu, Hawaii.

Germplasm Resources Information Network G.R.I.N. GRIN

Global Invasive Species Database was developed by the IUCN/SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) as part of the global initiative on invasive species led by the Global Invasive Species Programme (GISP). Results of a search for all Plantae Kingdom.

Green, P. (1994) NORFOLK ISLAND SPECIES LIST. In Flora of Australia, Vol.49, AGPS. Australian Biological Resources Study (Peter Green)

Hawaii's Most Invasive Horticultural Plants. This is a list of the worst invasive horticultural plants in Hawaii as put forth by the Hawaii State Alien Species Coordinator (Department of Land & Natural Resources [DLNR], Division of Forestry & Wildlife [DOFAW]). It is urged that species on this list not be grown anywhere in the state of Hawaii. Questions regarding this list should be directed to the State Alien Species Coordinator, DLNR/DOFAW, 1151 Punchbowl St., Rm. 325, Honolulu, HI 96813; ph. 808-587-0164.

Haysom, K.A. and Murphy, S.T.(2003). The status of invasiveness of forest tree species outside their natural habitat: a global review and discussion paper. Forest Health and Biosecurity Working Paper FBS/3E. Forestry Department. FAO, Rome.

Henderson, L. (1995). Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute Handbook N°5. Agriculture Research Council.

Henderson, L. (2001) Alien Weeds and Invasive Plants. Plant Protection Research Institute & Agricultural Research Council, South Africa.

Holm, L. G., Pancho, J. V., Herberger, J. P. and Plucknett, D. L. (1979). A Geographical Atlas of World Weeds. John Wiley and Sons NewYork, USA

Hussey, B.M.J., Keighery, G.J., Cousens, R.D., Dodd, J. and Lloyd. S.G. (1997). Western Weeds, a guide to the weeds of Western Australia. Plant Protection Society of Western Australia, Inc Western Australia. [list of images held in slide collection from original publication]

INVASIVE PLANT SPECIES LIST, THE BAHAMAS. Catalogs on Web site of owners: http://www.best.bs/. This is a general site for the Bahamas created by the organization that led I3N-Bahama. [ online info ]

Introduced (Naturalised) Flora of Ecuador: Catalogs on Web site of owners: http://www.ambiente.gov.ec/AMBIENTE/i3n2000 I3N.htm (If this link is broken, try www.ambiente.gov.ec, then access the data by clicking on "Ecuador Megadiverso" link at the top, then on "Biodiversidad del Ecuador" on the right, then on ""I3N"" on the left.) [ online info ]

d John R. Healey p.binggeli@ulst.ac.uk

ANEXO 1 - Espécies introduzidas em Portugal continental - (I) Invasoras. Legislaçao Nacional Decreto-Lei no. 565/99 de 21-12-1999 (Versao 1 Originária) Decreto-Lei565/9921-12-1999 Ministério do Ambiente Regula a introduçao na natureza de espécies nao indígenas da flora e fauna. Espécies nao indígenas da flora e da fauna 21-12-1999295 fauna, flora, animais domésticos, espécies de fauna ameaçadas, protecçao dos animais, vegetaçao Direito do Ambiente 1999-12-21 S

Alien Invasive Plants of Jamaica. IABIN Invasive Species Information Network - Jamaica (I3N - JA) I3N - JA is coordinated by the Jamaica Clearing-House Mechanism.

Alien Species. On March 10, the Japanese Cabinet submitted the bill dealing with invasive alien species to the Diet. The Diet passed the bill without amendments and the Invasive Alien Species Act was promulgated as of June 2, 2004. List of alien species recognized to be established in Japan or found in the Japanese wild (as of October 27, 2004) [PDF]

Alien plants of Fuerteventura, Canary Islands. Plantas extranjeras de Fuerteventura, Islas Canarias - korrigierte Fassung vom 23.01.2002 - Prof. Dr. Dietmar Brandes, Dipl.-Biol. Katrin Fritzsch. Arbeitsgruppe für Vegetationsökologie und experimentelle Pflanzensoziologie Botanisches Institut und Botanischer Garten der TU Braunschweig D-38023 Braunschweig. Abstract: The nowadays flora of Fuerteventura contains some 780 species. At least 119 species are aliens, some 150 further species of mediterranean and/or North African origin are probably introduced too. The estimated percentage of aliens therefore reaches 35 %.

Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds after a request by Sarah Lowe from ISSG New Zealand to the Aliens email list group.

An analysis of 233 species of important and potentially important invasive plants in South Africa (i.e. the reason for importation). The species were extracted from the book Henderson, L. 2001. Alien weeds and invasive plants. Plant Protection Research Institute Handbook No. 12. (L. Henderson pers. comm.)

Anon, (----). Species introduced in Continental Portugal [Espécies introduzidas em Portugal Continenta]. ICN - Instituto da Conservacao da Natureza.

Avinoam Danin, (2000). Species "new to" the Flora Palaestina area. Flora Mediterranea, 10: 109-172. 2. (The Nomenclature News of Flora Palaestina. Department of Evolution, Systematics, and Ecology, The A. Silberman Institute for Life Sciences, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel 91904)

Bargeron, C.T., D.J. Moorhead, G.K. Douce, R.C. Reardon & A.E. Miller (Tech. Coordinators). 2003. Invasive Plants of the Eastern U.S.: Identification and Control. USDA Forest Service - Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team. Morgantown, WV USA. FHTET-2003-08 (CD version: Nov 2003)

Batianoff, G.N. and Butler, D.W. (2002). Assessment of Invasive naturalized plants in south-east Queensland. Appendix. 1 Plant Protection Quarterly 17, 27-34.

Blood, K. (2001) NOT USED IN HER BOOK

Brossard, C.C., Randall, J.M. and Hoshovsky, M.C (2000) Invasive Plants of California's Wildlands. University of California Press, USA

California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI)

Chris Buddenhagen and Melanie Newfield (pers comm. 2001) A list of potential and actual environmental weeds for New Zealand. Department of Conservation.

City of Sacramento, Ordinance Number 92-064. An Ordinance relating to Water Conserving Landscape Reqirements. To save water by the appropriate use of water conserving plants. (November 1992.)

Collier County Natural Resources Department Exotic Plant Management Collier County Land Development Code: Section 2.4

Cronk, Q.C.B and Fuller, J.L. (1995). Plant Invaders, The threat to natural ecosystems. Chapman and Hall United Kingdom

Csurhes, S. and Edwards, R. (1998) Potential Environmental Weeds in Australia, Candidate Species For Preventative Control. Biodiversity Group, Environment Australia, Canberra, ACT.

Dana, E.D., Sanz, M., Vivas, S. and Sobrino, E. (2005). Especies Vegetales Invasoras en Andalucía. Junta de Andalucía.

Darrow, R.A. Erickson, L.C. Holstrum, J.T.Jnr., Miller, J.F., Scudder, W.F. and Williams, J.L. Jnr. (1966) Report of the Terminology Committee, Standardized Names of Weeds. WSSA (14), 346-386. Weed Science Society of America.

Declared Weeds and Invader plants of South Africa (2000)

Environmental Weed List. VEGETATION OF NOOSA SHIRE EDITION 2. This document comprises a list of environmental weeds drawn from Vegetation of Noosa Shire Edition 2. The list is updated from time to time, as new information becomes available.

Exotic Pest Plants of Ecological Concern in California

Faith T. Campbell; American Lands Alliance; Worst Invasive Plant Species in the conterminous United States: weed

Flora of the Marquesas islands. Botany Department of Systematic Biology. Smithsonian Institute.

Staples, George W., Derral Herbst & Clyde T. Imada (2000). Survey of Invasive or Potentially Invasive Cultivated Plants in Hawaii. A Special Publication of the Records of the Hawaii Biological Survey for 1999. Honolulu, Hawaii.

Germplasm Resources Information Network G.R.I.N. GRIN

Global Invasive Species Database was developed by the IUCN/SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) as part of the global initiative on invasive species led by the Global Invasive Species Programme (GISP). Results of a search for all Plantae Kingdom.

Green, P. (1994) NORFOLK ISLAND SPECIES LIST. In Flora of Australia, Vol.49, AGPS. Australian Biological Resources Study (Peter Green)

Hawaii's Most Invasive Horticultural Plants. This is a list of the worst invasive horticultural plants in Hawaii as put forth by the Hawaii State Alien Species Coordinator (Department of Land & Natural Resources [DLNR], Division of Forestry & Wildlife [DOFAW]). It is urged that species on this list not be grown anywhere in the state of Hawaii. Questions regarding this list should be directed to the State Alien Species Coordinator, DLNR/DOFAW, 1151 Punchbowl St., Rm. 325, Honolulu, HI 96813; ph. 808-587-0164.

Florida Weeds, Florida Agricultural Retrieval Information System, FAIRS. University of Florida




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This page was created on 13 September 2007 by PT, and was last updated on 04 October 2007 by PT based on data from Rod Randall's Global Compendium of Weeds database dated 24 January 2007. Valid HTML 4.01!