Global Compendium of Weeds
Rhamnus alaternus (Rhamnaceae)
Presented here is summary information about the species Rhamnus alaternus from the Global Compendium of Weeds, and citations of references to this species as a weed. Definitions of terms are available in the GCW introduction . For further information--or to report corrections or concerns--contact email@example.com.
Synonyms/other Latin names: [ see GRIN ]
Status(es) (compiled for below "Data sources"): cultivation escape, environmental weed, garden thug, naturalised, weed [for definitions, see the GCW introduction .]
Origin (native to where): [no info]
Actual and Prospective Weeds. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk Project; http://www.hear.org/pier/ (weed) [ online info ]
A list of weed species from various New Zealand references to weeds compiled by P.A.Williams, Landcare Research, New Zealand. (naturalised, weed)
Barker, W.R., R.M.Barker, J.P. Jessop & H.P. Vonow (Eds.) (2005). Census of South Australian Vascular Plants. 5th Edition. J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. Supplement 1. (Botanic Gardens of Adelaide & State Herbarium: Adelaide). (naturalised)
Blood, K. (2001) Environmental weeds: A field guide for SE Australia. C.H. Jerram & Associates. (environmental weed)
Carr, G.W., Yugovic, J.V. and Robinson, K.E. (1992). Environmental Weed Invasions in Victoria. Department of Conservation and Environment. Melbourne (environmental weed)
Chris Buddenhagen and Melanie Newfield (pers comm. 2001) A list of potential and actual environmental weeds for New Zealand. Department of Conservation. (environmental weed)
Clement, E.J. and Foster, M.C. (1994) Alien plants of the British Isles. Botanical Society of the British Isles, London. (garden thug)
Colin C. Ogle (last revision May 2003). Adventive plants collected in the Wanganui Conservancy of the New Zealand Department of Conservation, 1988-present. (Unpublished working list). Author's address: 22 Forres St, Wanganui, New Zealand. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org (naturalised)
Environmental Weed List Victoria. Supplied by Weedmanager.Net (Source not cited but possibly drawn from Carr et al. Environmental Weeds of Victoria) (environmental weed)
Fowler, A.L., Caton, B.P. Fieselmann, D., Fowler, G. and Parker, C. (2003). Creation of a Prioritization Model to Identify Weeds of Global Significance. Weed Science Society of America, Jacksonville, Florida. [The following lists indicate (Table 1) the 15 species (not in cultivation in USA) selected under Phase I and (Table 2) the further 25 highest-ranking species selected under Phase II. Full fact sheets of the new 25 species are appended (Appendix 1). Appendix 2 includes the further 126 species not in cultivation which have been fully scored. Corresponding lists of species already in cultivation in USA appear as Tables 3 and 4. The latter table includes all those species, in cultivation, which have been at least partially scored (though this process is far from complete)] (weed)
Germplasm Resources Information Network G.R.I.N. GRIN (naturalised)
Gibson, N., Keighery, B., Keighery, G., Burbidge, A. and Lyons, M. (1994). A floristic survey of the Southern Swan Coastal Plain. Unpublished report for the Australian Heritage Commission prepared by the Department of Conservation and Land Management and the Conservation Council of Western Australia (Inc.). (naturalised)
Global Invasive Species Database was developed by the IUCN/SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) as part of the global initiative on invasive species led by the Global Invasive Species Programme (GISP). Results of a search for all Plantae Kingdom.
Hill, M., Baker, R., Broad, G., Chandler, P.J., Copp, G.H., Ellis, J., Jones, D., Hoyland, C., Laing, I., Longshaw, M., Moore, N., Parrott, D., Pearman, D., Preston, C., Smith, R.M. and Waters, R.(2005). Audit of non-native species in England. English Nature Research Reports N° 662, English Nature. (cultivation escape)
Hussey, B.M.J., Keighery, G.J., Cousens, R.D., Dodd, J. and Lloyd. S.G. (1997). Western Weeds, a guide to the weeds of Western Australia. Plant Protection Society of Western Australia, Inc Western Australia. [list of images held in slide collection from original publication] (naturalised)
Introduced (Naturalised) species of Tasmania (1999) Data Supplied by Resource Management and Conservation Department of Primary Industry, Water & Environment. Hobart (naturalised)
John Hosking, NSW Department of Agriculture, Weed Database 30 April 2003 (naturalised)
Keighery, G. and Longman, V. (2004). The naturalized vascular plants of Western Australia 1: Checklist, environmental weeds and Distribution in IBRA Regions. Plant Protection Quarterly Vol.19 (1). pp:12-32. (environmental weed, naturalised)
Landcare Research New Zealand (2001) Plant Names Database. (naturalised)
Garden Thugs proposed to be withdrawn from nurseries in Western Australia. List complied by Sandy Lloyd in consultation with EWAN, CALM and other staff of Dept. (garden thug, weed)
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GCW species list
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This page was created on 13 September 2007 by PT, and was last updated on
04 October 2007
by PT based on data from Rod Randall's Global Compendium of Weeds database dated 24 January 2007.