Global Compendium of Weeds
Prunella vulgaris (Lamiaceae)
Presented here is summary information about the species Prunella vulgaris from the Global Compendium of Weeds, and citations of references to this species as a weed. Definitions of terms are available in the GCW introduction . For further information--or to report corrections or concerns--contact email@example.com.
Synonyms/other Latin names: [ see GRIN ]
Status(es) (compiled for below "Data sources"): agricultural weed, casual alien, cultivation escape, environmental weed, garden thug, naturalised, noxious weed, weed [for definitions, see the GCW introduction .]
Origin (native to where): [no info]
Exotic Plant Species List Scientific and Common Names of known Exotic Plant Species in the Redwood National and State Parks. This list of exotic species was compiled from the park's plant species lists and herbarium specimens. The inventory of species and associated threat assessment are essential parts of the parks' Exotic Plant Management Plan. California State Parks, US National Park Service. Last Update: June 13, 2001
2006/115 Non-indigenous flora of the Azores Archipelago (PT) EPPO Reporting Service, NO. 5, PARIS, 2006-05-01
A list of weed species from various New Zealand references to "weeds" compiled by P.A.Williams, Landcare Research, New Zealand.
Alien Species. On March 10, the Japanese Cabinet submitted the bill dealing with invasive alien species to the Diet. The Diet passed the bill without amendments and the Invasive Alien Species Act was promulgated as of June 2, 2004. List of alien species recognized to be established in Japan or found in the Japanese wild (as of October 27, 2004) [PDF]
Andersen, R.N. (1968). Germination and Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes. Weed Science Society of America Handbook. WSSA, Illinois.
Auld, B.A. and Medd, R.W. (1992) WEEDS, An illustrated botanical guide to the weeds of Australia. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Landcare Research New Zealand (2001) Plant Names Database. (casual alien, weed)
Preston, C.D., Pearman, D.A. and Dines, T.D. (2002) New Atlas of the British & Irish Flora. An Atlas of the Vascular Plants of Britain, Ireland, the Isle of Man and the Channel Islands. Oxford University Press. (naturalised)
References: This Excel database comprises all species listed in five New Zealand Journal of Botany (NZJBot) supplements to the adventive plants listed in Flora of NZ Vol. 4 (Webb et al. 1988), namely Heenan et al. (1998, 1999, 2002, 2004) and Webb et al. (1995). In the following database, Webb et al. (1988) is cited as ""FNZ4"" followed by a page number. To reduce space, the four NZJBot papers are identified simply by the volume number, followed by the page number in which the reference occurs. - Heenan, P.B.; Breitweiser, I.; Glenny, D.S.; de Lange, P.J.; Brownsey, P.J. 1998: Checklist of dicotyledons, and pteridophytes naturalised or casual in New Zealand: additional records 1994-1996. NZJBot.36: 155-162.; Heenan, P.B.; de Lange, P.J.; Cameron, E.K.; Champion, P.D. 2002: Checklist of dicotyledons, gymnosperms, and pteridophytes naturalised or casual in New Zealand: additional records 1999-2000. NZJBot.40: 155-174.; Heenan, P.B.; de Lange, P.J.; Cameron, E.K.; Ogle, C.C.; Champion, P.D. 2004: Checklist of dicotyledons, gymnosperms, and pteridophytes naturalised or casual in New Zealand: additional records 2001-2003. NZJBot.42: 797-814.; Heenan, P.B.; de Lange, P.J.; Glenny, D.S.; Breitweiser, I.; Brownsey, P.J.; Ogle, C.C. 1999: Checklist of dicotyledons and pteridophytes naturalised or casual in New Zealand: additional records 1997-1998. NZJBot.37: 629-642.; Webb, C.J.; Sykes, W.R.; Garnock-Jones, P.J.;1988: Flora of New Zealand Volume IV - Naturalised Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms, Dicotyledons. Botany Division, D.S.I.R., Christchurch, New Zealand. 1365p.; Webb, C.J.; Sykes, W.R.; Garnock-Jones, P.J.; Brownsey, P.J. 1995: Checklist of dicotyledons, gymnosperms, and pteridophytes naturalised or casual in New Zealand: additional records 1988-1993. NZJBot.33: 151-182. (naturalised)
Richardson, F.J., Richardson, R.G. and Shepherd, R.C.H. (2006). Weeds of the South-East. An identification guide for Australia. R.G. & F.J. Richardson. Meredith, Victoria. ISBN 0958743932, 438 pages. (weed)
The Exotic Flora of Victoria. (1998) Data supplied by Department of Natural Resources and Environment, Victoria, State Herbarium. (naturalised)
Wildlife Atlas CAPS plant taxa - Census of Plants in New South Wales National Parks? New South Wales National Parks and Wildlife Service. (wWilliams, G.H. (1982). Elseviers's Dictionary of Weeds of Western Europe. Elsevier Scientific Publishing Company Amsterdam, Holland.
Some documents posted on the HEAR website are in Adobe Acrobat PDF format. If your computer is not already set up to read these files, you can download the FREE Adobe Acrobat reader. You can set up most web browsers to automatically invoke this reader (as a "helper application" or "add-in") upon encountering documents of this type (refer to your browser's documentation for how to do this).
GCW species list
Comments? Questions? Send e-mail to: firstname.lastname@example.org
This page was created on 13 September 2007 by PT, and was last updated on
04 October 2007
by PT based on data from Rod Randall's Global Compendium of Weeds database dated 24 January 2007.