Western Australia Department of Agriculture (AgWest) Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR) Global Compendium of Weeds (GCW) Global Compendium of Weeds
Ligustrum vulgare (Oleaceae)


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Presented here is summary information about the species Ligustrum vulgare from the Global Compendium of Weeds, and citations of references to this species as a weed. Definitions of terms are available in the GCW introduction View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format. For further information--or to report corrections or concerns--contact webmaster@hear.org.


Synonyms/other Latin names:see GRIN ]

Status(es) (compiled for below "Data sources"): casual alien, cultivation escape, environmental weed, garden thug, naturalised, noxious weed, sleeper weed, weed [for definitions, see the GCW introduction View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format.]

Origin (native to where): [no info]



Data sources:

CHECKLIST OF THE VASCULAR PLANTS OF FINLAND, based on Kurtto, A. & Lahti, T. 1987: Suomen putkilokasvien luettelo (Checklist of the vascular plants of Finland). - Pamphl. Bot. Mus. Univ. Helsinki 11: I.-VI + 1-163. The list includes all the vascular plants found in Finland up to 1987, excluding those only in cultivation (i.e. taxa found during the past few years - mainly casual plants or plants escaping from cultivation are missing, and erroneous records of the 1987 list have not been corrected) (cultivation escape)

A Provisional List Of Non-Native Invasive And Potentially Invasive Plants In New England. Leslie J. Mehrhoff. DRAFT Please Note: This list has no legal status 1 JAN 2000

Alanen, A., Bongard, T., Einarsson, E., Hansen, H., Hedlund, L., Jansson, K., Josefsson, M., Philipp, M., Sandlund, O.T., Svart, A.E., Svart, H.E. and Weidema, I. (2004?). Introduced Species in the Nordic Countries (Denmark) under Nordic Council of Ministers (NMR), subgroup Natur-og Friluftslivsgruppen. (cultivation escape, naturalised)

Alien Species. On March 10, the Japanese Cabinet submitted the bill dealing with invasive alien species to the Diet. The Diet passed the bill without amendments and the Invasive Alien Species Act was promulgated as of June 2, 2004. List of alien species recognized to be established in Japan or found in the Japanese wild (as of October 27, 2004) [PDF] (naturalised)

An analysis of 233 species of important and potentially important invasive plants in South Africa (i.e. the reason for importation). The species were extracted from the book Henderson, L. 2001. Alien weeds and invasive plants. Plant Protection Research Institute Handbook No. 12. (L. Henderson pers. comm.)

Bargeron, C.T., D.J. Moorhead, G.K. Douce, R.C. Reardon & A.E. Miller (Tech. Coordinators). 2003. Invasive Plants of the Eastern U.S.: Identification and Control. USDA Forest Service - Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team. Morgantown, WV USA. FHTET-2003-08 (CD version: Nov 2003)

Barker, W.R., R.M.Barker, J.P. Jessop & H.P. Vonow (Eds.) (2005). Census of South Australian Vascular Plants. 5th Edition. J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. Supplement 1. (Botanic Gardens of Adelaide & State Herbarium: Adelaide). (naturalised)

Blood, K. (2001) Environmental weeds: A field guide for SE Australia. C.H. Jerram & Associates. (environmental weed)

Carr, G.W., Yugovic, J.V. and Robinson, K.E. (1992). Environmental Weed Invasions in Victoria. Department of Conservation and Environment. Melbourne (environmental weed)

Colin C. Ogle (last revision May 2003). Adventive plants collected in the Wanganui Conservancy of the New Zealand Department of Conservation, 1988-present. (Unpublished working list). Author's address:22 Forres St, Wanganui, New Zealand. Email: robcol.ogle@xtra.co.nz (naturalised)

Csurhes, S. and Edwards, R. (1998) Potential Environmental Weeds in Australia, Candidate Species For Preventative Control. Biodiversity Group, Environment Australia, Canberra, ACT. (cultivation escape, environmental weed)

Cultivated and/or Exotic Plants in Central Africa (R.D.Congo - Rwanda - Burundi). (list provisional)13-03-2005 This list gives an extremely incomplete image of the horticulture in central Africa (R.D. Congo, Rwanda, Burundi). (weed)

Declared Weeds and Invader plants of South Africa (2000) (noxious weed)

Environmental Weed List Victoria. Supplied by Weedmanager.Net (Source not cited but possibly drawn from Carr et al. Environmental Weeds of Victoria) (environmental weed)

Faith T. Campbell; American Lands Alliance; "Worst" Invasive Plant Species in the conterminous United States: weed (environmental weed)

Germplasm Resources Information Network G.R.I.N. GRIN (naturalised, weed)

Henderson, L. (1995). Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute Handbook N5. Agriculture Research Council. (weed)

Henderson, L. (2001) Alien Weeds and Invasive Plants. Plant Protection Research Institute & Agricultural Research Council, South Africa. (garden thug, noxious weed)

Henderson, L. and Musil, K.J. (1987). Plant Invaders of the Transvaal. Department of Agriculture and Water Supply. Pretoria, South Africa (garden thug, weed)

Hoffman, R. & Kearns, K. (Eds). (1997). Wisconsin manual of control recommendations for ecologically invasive plants. Wisconsin Dept. Natural Resources. Madison, Wisconsin. 102 pp. See species List on the USDA Plants Database. weed (environmental weed)

INVASIVE PLANTS OF CANADA, Melinda Thompson Canadian Botanical Conservation Network, August 1997 (weed)

Introduced (Naturalised) Flora of Ecuador: Catalogs on Web site of owners: http://www.ambiente.gov.ec/AMBIENTE/i3n2000 I3N.htm (If this link is broken, try www.ambiente.gov.ec, then access the data by clicking on "Ecuador Megadiverso" link at the top, then on "Biodiversidad del Ecuador" on the right, then on ""I3N"" on the left.) (naturalised) [ online info ]

Introduced (Naturalised) Species to the United States [USDA, NRCS 1999. The PLANTS database. National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. ] (naturalised)

Introduced (Naturalised) species of Tasmania (1999) Data Supplied by Resource Management and Conservation Department of Primary Industry, Water & Environment. Hobart (naturalised)

Invasive Plant Species in Delaware. William A. McAvoy ( Botanist) Delaware Natural Heritage Program June 2001. This list contains 64 species and varieties of alien vascular plants considered to be invasive in the state of Delaware. These species are or have extreme potential to be detrimental to natural systems; i.e. displace native vegetation and disrupt ecological processes. (environmental weed)

Invasive exotic pest plants in Tennessee. Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council. (October 19, 1999). Research Committee of the Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council. (environmental weed)

John Hosking, NSW Department of Agriculture, Weed Database 30 April 2003 (naturalised)

[New weed records for Queensland s.n., 1 Oct 1993; J.Milson AQ211456, 1 Oct 1993)]. Peripleura G.L.Nesom, Phytologia 76(2): 131 (1994). New Plant Names and Taxa Queensland, July 1994 to July 2003 (naturalised)




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This page was created on 13 September 2007 by PT, and was last updated on 04 October 2007 by PT based on data from Rod Randall's Global Compendium of Weeds database dated 24 January 2007. Valid HTML 4.01!