Western Australia Department of Agriculture (AgWest) Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR) Global Compendium of Weeds (GCW) Global Compendium of Weeds
Commelina diffusa (Commelinaceae)


HEAR home  >  GCW home  >  GCW species list  >  Commelina diffusa
(hints)


Presented here is summary information about the species Commelina diffusa from the Global Compendium of Weeds, and citations of references to this species as a weed. Definitions of terms are available in the GCW introduction View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format. For further information--or to report corrections or concerns--contact webmaster@hear.org.


Synonyms/other Latin names:see GRIN ]

Status(es) (compiled for below "Data sources"): agricultural weed, environmental weed, garden thug, naturalised, weed [for definitions, see the GCW introduction View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format.]

Origin (native to where): [no info]



Data sources:

Actual and Prospective Weeds. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk Project; http://www.hear.org/pier/ [ online info ]

Important Weed Species in Crops and Countries. Data stored from 59 developing countries and regularly updated. (Information gathered from FAO Plant Protection Project and a mission report of R. Labrada) FAO Weed Management, Ricardo Labrada.

Important Weed Species in Crops and Countries. Data stored from 59 developing countries and regularly updated. (Information gathered from FAO regional workshop on weed management HoChiMinh City 1997) Upland Rice (Information kindly provided by Ms Veronique Stevoux (Information kindly provided by Ms Veronique Stevoux) FAO Weed Management, Ricardo Labrada.

Important Weed Species in Crops and Countries. Data stored from 59 developing countries and regularly updated. (Information gathered in the FAO IPM workshop held in Kathmandou in April 1998) Information kindly provided by Ms D. Jagat Ranjit. FAO Weed Management, Ricardo Labrada.

Important Weed Species in Crops and Countries. Data stored from 59 developing countries and regularly updated. (Information kindly provided by Mr Jose Toro García national weed coordinator Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Pecuarias) Information kindly provided by Mr Vinicio Vera Andrade. FAO Weed Management, Ricardo Labrada.

Important Weed Species in Crops and Countries. Data stored from 59 developing countries and regularly updated. (Information mainly gathered at the regional FAO workshop held in Managua May 1987 Information kindly provided by Dr Israel Garita FAO Weed Management, Ricardo Labrada.

Importation of Fresh Bananas from the Philippines Technical Information Paper May 2002. BIOSECURITY AUSTRALIA. (Tables 16 & 17 (Weeds))

Acuna, G.J. (1974). Plantas Indeseables en Los Cultivos Cubanos. Academia de Ciencias, Insitituto de Investigaciones de Cuba, Havana.

Bernard H. Zandstra (2003). Weed Control Guide for Vegetable Crops. MSU Extension Bulletin E-433 (Revised November 2002). Department of Horticulture, Michigan State University

Braun, M., Burgstaller, H., Hamdoun, A.M., and Walter, H. (1991) Common Weeds of Central Sudan. Verlag Josef Margraf, Scientific Books, Germany.

Clement, E.J. and Foster, M.C. (1994) Alien plants of the British Isles. Botanical Society of the British Isles, London.

Darrow, R.A. Erickson, L.C. Holstrum, J.T.Jnr., Miller, J.F., Scudder, W.F. and Williams, J.L. Jnr. (1966) Report of the Terminology Committee, Standardized Names of Weeds. WSSA (14), 346-386. Weed Science Society of America.

Databases. List of Weed Species with links to more data. FAO Weed Management, Ricardo Labrada.

Flora List for Pohnpei from Christopher Dahl (File creation date 15 Nov 1997) College of Micronesia-FSM Botany 250

Flora of the Marquesas islands. Botany Department of Systematic Biology. Smithsonian Institute.

Fournet, J. (1993) Phytoecological Characteristics of Weed Populations in Sugar Cane and Banana Plantations in Basse Terre (Guadeloupe). Weed Research Oxford. 33: 5, 383-395

G.R.I.N. TAXON Database GRIN

Harada, J., Shibayama, H. and Morita, H. (1996). Weeds in the Tropics. Association for International Cooperation of Agriculture and Forestry, Japan.

Heap, I. The International Survey of Herbicide Resistant Weeds. Online. Internet. December 24, 1999 .

Henty, E.E. and Pritchard, G.S. (1973) Weeds of New Guinea and their control. Botany Bulletin N°7. Department of Forests. Div. of Botany. Lae, P.N.G. (All plants illustrated, kept in Agency library)

Holm, L. G., Pancho, J. V., Herberger, J. P. and Plucknett, D. L. (1979). A Geographical Atlas of World Weeds. John Wiley and Sons NewYork, USA

Holm, L.G., Plucknett, D.L., Pancho, J.V. and Herberger, J.P. (1977). The World's Worst Weeds. Distribution and Biology. University Press of Hawaii Honolulu, Hawaii.

Horng, H.C. & Leu, L.S. (1980). Weeds of Cultivated Land in Taiwan. Weed Science Society of the Republic of China.

HortGuard and GrainGuard Initial Threat List Compilations

Häfliger, E., Kuhn, U., Hämet-Ahti, L., Cook, C.D.K. Faden, R. and Speta, F. (1982) Monocot Weeds 3. Ciba Geigy Ltd., Basel, Switzerland.

I3N-Paraguay Datasets. Naturalised Flora.

ISSUES PAPER: Import Risk Analysis (IRA) for the Importation of Fresh Pineapple Fruit. August 2001. Plant Biosecurity, Biosecurity Australia.

Important Weed Species in Crops and Countries. Data stored from 59 developing countries and regularly updated. (Information kindly provided by Dr J.L. Hammerton) FAO Weed Management, Ricardo Labrada.

Introduced (Naturalised) Flora of Ecuador: Catalogs on Web site of owners: http://www.ambiente.gov.ec/AMBIENTE/i3n2000 I3N.htm (If this link is broken, try www.ambiente.gov.ec, then access the data by clicking on "Ecuador Megadiverso" link at the top, then on "Biodiversidad del Ecuador" on the right, then on ""I3N"" on the left.) [ online info ]

Kissman, K.G. (1991). Plantas Infestantes e Nocivas. Vol 1 - 2nd Ed. BASF.

Komolafe, D.A. (1976). Weed Problems in Tree Crops in Nigeria. PANS 22(2): 250-276

Koo, S.K., Chin, Y.W., Kwon, Y.W., Cung, H.A. (2000) Common Weeds in Vietnam. Agriculture Publsihing House, Vietnam.

Lindemann, H.V. (2006). La flora interactiva de las malezas de México. Colegio de Postgraduados en Ciencias Agrícolas. For comments please write to: malezasdemexico@yahoo.com.mx or heike@colpos.mx. (Dec, 2006)

List of Pteridophtyes and Spermatophytes for the Canary Islands (Lista de Pterido y Spermatoe Indice) Presence or Absence is denoted on an island by island basis and introduced (naturalised) taxa are also denoted. 2002. Viceconsejería de Medio Ambiente. Gobierno de Canarias.

Lorenzi, H. (2000). Plantas daninhas do Brasil. Terrestres, Aquaticas, Parasitas e Toxicas. 3rd Edition. Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora Ltda

Major Weeds of Thailand. Botany and Weed Science Division of the Thai Department of Agriculture.

Mangoensoekardjo, S. and Pancho, J.V. (1975). Rerumputan Di Kebun Karet, Kelapa, Sawit, Coklat, The Dan Padi Serta cara Pemberantasannya. [Current Status of weed problems in plantation crops]. Bulletin B.P.P.M. Vol.6 No 1 Maret.

Matachacheep, S. (1995) Weeds of Thailand. Ratchamongkol Tech. Ins. Thailand. (Dr. Surachai Matachacheep).

Matchacheep, S. (1995) Weeds of Thailand, Thai Publication. [Author Ass. Prof. Dr. Surachai Matchacheep of the Ratchamongkul Technology Institute, Thailand. List supplied by Ricky Ward, Enviroweeds)]

Morita, H. (1997). Handbook of Arable Weeds in Japan. Kumiai Chemical Company.

Motooka, P., Castro, l., Nelson, D., Nagai, G. and Ching, L. (2003) Weeds of Hawai'I's Pastures and Natural Areas. An Identification and Management Guide. College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, University of Hawai'I at Manoa.

Murphy T.R. and Johnson B.J. (2001) Weeds of Southern Turfgrasses. College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences - Griffin, Georgia.

Noda, K., Teerawatsakul, M., Prakongvongs, C. and Chaiwiratnukul, L. (1994). Major Weeds in Thailand. National Weed Science Research Institute Project, Revised Third Edition. Thailand.

PRINCIPALES MALEZAS DE CENTRO AMERICA Y EL CARIBE CONTROLADAS CON ROUNDUP MAX. Per Label Registration in Peru and Ecuador. (from Chris Buddenhagen, Galapagos Islands)

Parker, C. (1992) Weeds of Bhutan. National Plant Protection Centre, Simtokha, Royal Government of Bhutan.

Plant Threats to Pacific Ecosystems. A product of the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER). This table lists all species that are profiled on PIER. It includes those of environmental concern (including those that are probably of threat only to islands with high elevations) as well as agricultural and ruderal weeds. Jim Space, PEIR Co-ordinator.

Plants Naturalised in Hawai'i. Bishop Musem, Oahu. DISCLAIMER: Be it known to all who use this web resource, that this is NOT intended to represent a complete, definitive, or authoritative checklist of the flora and fauna of the Hawaiian Islands. This is a Beta-Test site that makes available online a copy of the taxonomic database currently used by the Bishop Museum Botany collection for its collections databases. Some groups in this list have been thoroughly scrutinized and do, in fact, represent an essentially complete checklist for the Hawaiian Islands. Other groups, however, are NOT complete, and only represent an unverified listing of what happens to be in the Bishop Museum specimen collection database.

RAPID. Common Weeds and Poisonous Plants of North America: University of Idaho, College of Agriculture - [RAPID = Random Access Plant IDentification]

ded by Ms D. Jagat Ranjit. FAO Weed Management, Ricardo Labrada.

Important Weed Species in Crops and Countries. Data stored from 59 developing countries and regularly updated. (Information kindly provided by Mr Jose Toro García national weed coordinator Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Pecuarias) Information kindly provided by Mr Vinicio Vera Andrade. FAO Weed Management, Ricardo Labrada.

Important Weed Species in Crops and Countries. Data stored from 59 developing countries and regularly updated. (Information mainly gathered at the regional FAO workshop held in Managua May 1987 Information kindly provided by Dr Israel Garita FAO Weed Management, Ricardo Labrada.

Importation of Fresh Bananas from the Philippines Technical Information Paper May 2002. BIOSECURITY AUSTRALIA. (Tables 16 & 17 (Weeds))

Acuna, G.J. (1974). Plantas Indeseables en Los Cultivos Cubanos. Academia de Ciencias, Insitituto de Investigaciones de Cuba, Havana.

Bernard H. Zandstra (2003). Weed Control Guide for Vegetable Crops. MSU Extension Bulletin E-433 (Revised November 2002). Department of Horticulture, Michigan State University

Braun, M., Burgstaller, H., Hamdoun, A.M., and Walter, H. (1991) Common Weeds of Central Sudan. Verlag Josef Margraf, Scientific Books, Germany.

Clement, E.J. and Foster, M.C. (1994) Alien plants of the British Isles. Botanical Society of the British Isles, London.

Darrow, R.A. Erickson, L.C. Holstrum, J.T.Jnr., Miller, J.F., Scudder, W.F. and W


PDF icon Some documents posted on the HEAR website are in Adobe Acrobat PDF format. If your computer is not already set up to read these files, you can download the FREE Adobe Acrobat reader. You can set up most web browsers to automatically invoke this reader (as a "helper application" or "add-in") upon encountering documents of this type (refer to your browser's documentation for how to do this). [Download Acrobat reader]

The Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk (HEAR) project is currently funded by the Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) of the National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII) through PIERC (USGS) with support from HCSU (UH-Hilo). More details are available online. Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN)National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII)

GCW species list  ]   GCW home  ]   HEAR home  ]  

Comments?  Questions?  Send e-mail to: webmaster@hear.org

This page was created on 13 September 2007 by PT, and was last updated on 04 October 2007 by PT based on data from Rod Randall's Global Compendium of Weeds database dated 24 January 2007. Valid HTML 4.01!