Global Compendium of Weeds
Cirsium arvense (Asteraceae)
Presented here is summary information about the species Cirsium arvense from the Global Compendium of Weeds, and citations of references to this species as a weed. Definitions of terms are available in the GCW introduction . For further information--or to report corrections or concerns--contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
Synonyms/other Latin names: [ see GRIN ]
Status(es) (compiled for below "Data sources"): agricultural weed, casual alien, cultivation escape, environmental weed, garden thug, naturalised, noxious weed, weed [for definitions, see the GCW introduction .]
Origin (native to where): [no info]
A Provisional List Of Non-Native Invasive And Potentially Invasive Plants In New England. Leslie J. Mehrhoff. DRAFT Please Note: This list has no legal status 1 JAN 2000
A list of weed species from various New Zealand references to weeds compiled by P.A.Williams, Landcare Research, New Zealand.
AA INVASIVE PLANTS OF CANADA, Melinda Thompson Canadian Botanical Conservation Network, August 1997
Alberta Reseach Council. Biological Control of Weeds using Insects and Mites. Target Weed Species.
Alien Plants in Korea. National Institute of Environmental Research. NIER : nier.go.kr Director. Deok-Gil Rhee. July 2004.
Andersen, R.N. (1968). Germination and Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes. Weed Science Society of America Handbook. WSSA, Illinois.
Anderson, W.P. (1999). Perennial Weeds. Iowa State University Press Iowa, USA
Anon (1989) Manuale per il Riconoscimento delle Principali erbe Infestantii. Societa Italiana per lo Studio della Lotta alle Malerbe S.I.L.M Italy.
Anon (19xx) "Weed Handbook" Series 1-55. Wyoming Weed and Pest Council, Douglas Wyoming.
Anon. (1972). Weed Manual. 8th Ed. [2nd revised and extended Edition] Schering AG, Berlin.
Arizona State Designated Exotic Plant Species.
Auld, B.A. and Medd, R.W. (1992) WEEDS, An illustrated botanical guide to the weeds of Australia. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Bargeron, C.T., D.J. Moorhead, G.K. Douce, R.C. Reardon & A.E. Miller (Tech. Coordinators). 2003. Invasive Plants of the Eastern U.S.: Identification and Control. USDA Forest Service - Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team. Morgantown, WV USA. FHTET-2003-08 (CD version: Nov 2003)
Barker, W.R., R.M.Barker, J.P. Jessop & H.P. Vonow (Eds.) (2005). Census of South Australian Vascular Plants. 5th Edition. J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. Supplement 1. (Botanic Gardens of Adelaide & State Herbarium: Adelaide).
Bernard H. Zandstra (2003). Weed Control Guide for Vegetable Crops. MSU Extension Bulletin E-433 (Revised November 2002). Department of Horticulture, Michigan State University
Botha, C. (2001). Common Weeds of Crops and Gardens in Southern Africa. ARC - Grain Crops Institute, South Africa.
Bromilow, C. (1995) Problem Plants of South Africa. Briza Publications, Arcardia, South Africa.
Brossard, C.C., Randall, J.M. and Hoshovsky, M.C (2000) Invasive Plants of California's Wildlands. University of California Press, USA
Brundu, G., Brock, J., Camarda, I., Child, L. and Wade, M. (2001) Plant Invasions: Species Ecology and Ecosystem Management. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, Netherlands.
Calder, J. A. & Taylor, L. R. (1968). Flora of the Queen Charlotte Islands. Part 1. Systematics of the vascular plants. Canada Department of Agriculture, Research Branch, Monograph No. 4, Part 1, 659 pp.
California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI)
Canada Noxious Weed List. This Order may be cited as the Weed Seeds Order, 1986. Weed Seeds. The seeds of the species of plants set out in the schedule are deemed to be weed seeds for the purpose of establishing grades under the Seeds Act. Schedule (s.2)
Castro, S.A., Figueroa, J.A., Munoz-Schick, M. and Jaksic, F.M. (2005) Minimum residence time,biogeographical origin, and life cycle as determinants of the geographical extent of naturalized plants in continental Chile. Diversity and Distributions 11: 183-191. Appendix S1 Checklist of 428 naturalized plants in continental Chile, their first record date (FRD), life cycle (LC), biogeographic origin (BO), and number of administrative regions occupied (ARO). Am: America; Eu: Europe; As: Asia; Af: Africa; Au: Australia; N.Z.: New Zealand; Pan: Pantropical; Cosmo: Cosmopolitan; Tro: Tropical.
Chris, R. and McLendon, T. (1998) An Assessment of Exotic Plant Species of Rocky Mountain National Park Rutledge. Department of Rangeland Ecosystem Science, Colorado State University. 97pp. Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Home Page. (Version 15DEC98).
Williams, G. and Hunyadi, K. (1987). Dictionary of Weeds of Eastern Europe: Thier common names and importance in Latin, Albanian, Bulgarian, Czech, German, English, Greek, Hungarian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbo-Croat and Slovak. Elsevier. Amsterdam.
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GCW species list
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This page was created on 13 September 2007 by PT, and was last updated on
04 October 2007
by PT based on data from Rod Randall's Global Compendium of Weeds database dated 24 January 2007.