Western Australia Department of Agriculture (AgWest) Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR) Global Compendium of Weeds (GCW) Global Compendium of Weeds
Amaranthus spinosus (Amaranthaceae)


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Presented here is summary information about the species Amaranthus spinosus from the Global Compendium of Weeds, and citations of references to this species as a weed. Definitions of terms are available in the GCW introduction View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format. For further information--or to report corrections or concerns--contact webmaster@hear.org.


Synonyms/other Latin names:see GRIN ]

Status(es) (compiled for below "Data sources"): agricultural weed, casual alien, environmental weed, garden thug, naturalised, weed [for definitions, see the GCW introduction View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format.]

Origin (native to where): tropical America, tropics, probably trop Amer, Néotrop., America , tropical regions, Asia, Central and South America, South America, America, Brazil, tropical America



Data sources:

CHECKLIST OF THE VASCULAR PLANTS OF FINLAND, based on Kurtto, A. & Lahti, T. 1987: Suomen putkilokasvien luettelo (Checklist of the vascular plants of Finland). - Pamphl. Bot. Mus. Univ. Helsinki 11: I.-VI + 1-163. The list includes all the vascular plants found in Finland up to 1987, excluding those only in cultivation (i.e. taxa found during the past few years - mainly casual plants or plants escaping from cultivation are missing, and erroneous records of the 1987 list have not been corrected) (casual alien)

EXOTIC WEEDS AND ALIENS. An html page found on the UNDP sponsored Sustainable Development Networking Programme Website - India now being maintained by the ENVIS Secretariat, Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India, New Delhi. (weed)

Important Weed Species in Crops and Countries. Data stored from 59 developing countries and regularly updated. (Information gathered from various FAO reports) Information kindly provided by Mrs Sermsiri Kongsaengdao Botany & Weed Science Division DOA Thailand. FAO Weed Management, Ricardo Labrada. (agricultural weed)

Important Weed Species in Crops and Countries. Data stored from 59 developing countries and regularly updated. (Information gathered in the FAO IPM workshop held in Kathmandou in April 1998) Information kindly provided by Ms D. Jagat Ranjit. FAO Weed Management, Ricardo Labrada. (agricultural weed)

Important Weed Species in Crops and Countries. Data stored from 59 developing countries and regularly updated. (Information kindly provided by Mr Martin Lindo and Mr Fulton Barry Palacio) Note: For more information on weeds of the Caribbean you may consult Weeds of the lesser Antilles. 1991. Prepared by Jacques Fournet and John L. Hammerton INRA Paris France 214 p. FAO Weed Management, Ricardo Labrada. (agricultural weed)

Important Weed Species in Crops and Countries. Data stored from 59 developing countries and regularly updated. (Information kindly provided by Prof. A.R. Saghir) FAO Weed Management, Ricardo Labrada. (agricultural weed)

Important Weed Species in Crops and Countries. Data stored from 59 developing countries and regularly updated. (Information provided by R. Labrada) FAO Weed Management, Ricardo Labrada. (agricultural weed)

Important Weed Species in Crops and Countries. Data stored from 59 developing countries and regularly updated. Information kindly provided by Mr. Md. Nazrul Islam. FAO Weed Management, Ricardo Labrada. (agricultural weed)

Importation of Fresh Bananas from the Philippines Technical Information Paper May 2002. BIOSECURITY AUSTRALIA. (Tables 16 & 17 (Weeds)) (weed)

Acuna, G.J. (1974). Plantas Indeseables en Los Cultivos Cubanos. Academia de Ciencias, Insitituto de Investigaciones de Cuba, Havana. (agricultural weed)

AgroInformacoes Plantas Daninhas - Brasil (Problematic Plants of Agriculture in Brazil). (agricultural weed)

Alanen, A., Bongard, T., Einarsson, E., Hansen, H., Hedlund, L., Jansson, K., Josefsson, M., Philipp, M., Sandlund, O.T., Svart, A.E., Svart, H.E. and Weidema, I. (2004?). Introduced Species in the Nordic Countries (Denmark) under Nordic Council of Ministers (NMR), subgroup Natur-og Friluftslivsgruppen. (weed)

Alien Plants in Korea. National Institute of Environmental Research. NIER : nier.go.kr Director. Deok-Gil Rhee. July 2004. (naturalised)

Alien Species. On March 10, the Japanese Cabinet submitted the bill dealing with invasive alien species to the Diet. The Diet passed the bill without amendments and the Invasive Alien Species Act was promulgated as of June 2, 2004. List of alien species recognized to be established in Japan or found in the Japanese wild (as of October 27, 2004) [PDF] (naturalised)

Andersen, R.N. (1968). Germination and Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes. Weed Science Society of America Handbook. WSSA, Illinois. (weed)

Argentina AGRO Management Malezas Incluidas. Argentinian Software Development Company. (weed)

Auld, B.A. and Medd, R.W. (1992) WEEDS, An illustrated botanical guide to the weeds of Australia. Inkata Press, Melbourne. (weed)

Bernard H. Zandstra (2003). Weed Control Guide for Vegetable Crops. MSU Extension Bulletin E-433 (Revised November 2002). Department of Horticulture, Michigan State University (agricultural weed)

Biological Diversity of the Guianas (BDG) Guyana; Surinam; French Guiana. The Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas; 2nd Edition (edited by J. Boggan; V. Funk; C. Kelloff; M. Hoff; G. Cremers; & C. Feuillet; 1997) was produced as a cooperative project between the Biological Diversity of the Guianas Program (Smithsonian Institution; Washington; DC USA) and the ORSTOM Herbarium (Cayenne; French Guiana); under the auspices of the Centre for the Study of Biological Diversity (University of Guyana; Georgetown; Guyana). http://www.nmnh.si.edu/biodiversity/checklst.htm weed? (weed) [ online info ]

Botha, C. (2001). Common Weeds of Crops and Gardens in Southern Africa. ARC - Grain Crops Institute, South Africa. (agricultural weed)

Botond, M. & Zoltán, B.D.(eds.) (2004) Biological Invasions in Hungary. Invasive Plants. TermészetBUVAR Alapítvány Kiadó. (casual alien)

Bromilow, C. (1995) Problem Plants of South Africa. Briza Publications, Arcardia, South Africa. (weed)

China Species Information Service. Invasive Aliens Species in China.

Clement, E.J. and Foster, M.C. (1994) Alien plants of the British Isles. Botanical Society of the British Isles, London. (casual alien)

Common Weeds of Vanuatu (with comments on its impacts and control) (agricultural weed)

Cronk, Q.C.B and Fuller, J.L. (1995). Plant Invaders, The threat to natural ecosystems. Chapman and Hall United Kingdom (environmental weed)

anon. (2002). The Common Weeds of Central Thailand. Weed Science Society of Thailand. (weed)




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This page was created on 13 September 2007 by PT, and was last updated on 04 October 2007 by PT based on data from Rod Randall's Global Compendium of Weeds database dated 24 January 2007. Valid HTML 4.01!