The Global Compendium of Weeds

Data Source References

This page lists the data source references for the taxa online at The Global Compendium of Weeds website.

Ref code # Citation
1Noxious Weeds of Whitman County Washington State.
2 Boose AB. Holt JS. (1999). Environmental effects on asexual reproduction in Arundo donax. Weed Research. 39(2):117-127.
3Actual and Prospective Weeds. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk Project; http://www.hear. org/pier/
4INVASIVE PLANTS OF CANADA, Melinda Thompson Canadian Botanical Conservation Network, August 1997, weed
5Miscanthus: A Review of European Experience with a Novel Energy Crop http://www.esd.ornl. gov/bfdp/reports/miscanthus/toc.html
6Waterhouse, D.F. (199X). Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific. XXXX
7Keighery, G. (1996) A Checklist of the Naturalised Vascular Plants of Western Australia. With annotations for weedy WA and Eastern states species. CALM, WA.
8Foster, S. and Duke, J.A. (1990). A Field Guide to Medicinal Plants. Eastern and Central North America Houghton Mifflin Co New York, USA
9Gibson et. Al (19XX). A Floristic Survey of the southern Swan Coastal Plain,
10A Guide to the Use of Herbicides1996 (National Dept. of Agric. Republic of South Africa) Vermeulen, JB., Dreyer, M., Grobler, H. and Van Zyl, K. weed
11Mitchell, A.A. pers. comm. (1995-2001) Botanist for the Northern Australian Quarantine Service.
14Acuna, G.J. (1974). Plantas Indeseables en Los Cultivos Cubanos. Academia de Ciencias, Insitituto de Investigaciones de Cuba, Havana. weed
16Alberta Reseach Council Biological Control of Weeds using Insects and Mites. Target Weeds http://www.arc.ab. ca/crop/weed/BiocontrolMain.HTML (Weed)
17Virginia Native Plant Society. (1998). Alien Invasive plants in Virginia: URL: XXXX
18Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds
19Aliens Listserv, weed
20Sainty, G.R., Hosking, J. and Jacobs, S.W.L. (1998). Alps Invaders, Weeds of the Australian High Country Australian Alps Liaison Committee, Sainty and Associates Darlinghurst, Australia
21An Assessment of Exotic Plant Species of Rocky Mountain National Park Rutledge, Chris R. and Dr. Terry McLendon. No Year. Department of Rangeland Ecosystem Science, Colorado State University. 97pp. Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Ho
23Andersen, R.N. (1968). Germination and Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes. Weed Science Society of America Handbook. WSSA, Illinois.
24Annual/Biennial Seed Germination Database (weed)
25AQIS Manual (now superceded by ICON database URL: )
26Arizona State Designated Exotic Plant Species, weed
27B & T Seeds Catalogue (toxic species noted)
28Randall, R.P. (1999) Banana Weeds. Report to Hortguard, Department of Agriculture Western Australia. (A compilation of weeds found in banana crops worldwide)
29Waterhouse, B. pers. comm. (1997-2001) Botanist for the Northern Australian Quarantine Service.
30Behrendt, S. and Hanf, M. (1979). Grass Weeds in World Agriculture BASF Aktiengesellschaft, Ludwigshaten am Rhein Germany
32Biological Diversity of the Guianas (BDG) Guyana; Surinam; French Guiana. The Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas; 2nd Edition (edited by J. Boggan; V. Funk; C. Kelloff; M. Hoff; G. Cremers; & C. Feuillet; 1997) was produced as a cooperative projec
34CALFLORA DATABASE Summaries of geographic distribution, habitat, and lifeform data for the approximately 8400 vascular plant taxa known to be native or naturalized in California, based on published literature as well as specific documented observations. h
35California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI)
36Canada Noxious Weed List. (1986). Weed Seeds Order, 1986. Weed Seeds. The seeds of the species of plants set out in the schedule are deemed to be weed seeds for the purpose of establishing grades under the Seeds Act. Schedule (s.2)
37Case Histories of Highly Invasive Woody Species in the Tropics. Pierre Binggeli (1999) Weed
38Missouri Botanic Gardens (1999) Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru (Introduced species).
39Poisonous Plant Database. (1998) Center for Food Safety & Applied Nutrition , FDA, Office of Plant and Dairy Foods and Beverages. USA. html
40Check-list of the Flowering Plants and Ferns of Cornwall and the Isles of Scilly - 1994 C.N. French and R.J. Murphy. University of Exeter URL: uk/~cnfrench/ics/cbru/checklist/a1menu.htm
41Checklist of Conifers in the British Isles. Cameron S. Crook, Preston, Lancashire, UK
42CHECKLIST OF THE VASCULAR PLANTS OF FINLAND, based on Kurtto, A. & Lahti, T. 1987: Suomen putkilokasvien luettelo (Checklist of the vascular plants of Finland). - Pamphl. Bot. Mus. Univ. Helsinki 11: I.-VI + 1-163. The list includes all the vascular plant
43Arias, J., Martin, M.E., and Gimenez, M.J. (1983). Chemical control of a new weed in north western Argentina, Tithonia tubaeformis (Jacq.)-Cass. Malezas. 11: 5, 177-181; 4 ref.
44Häfliger, E. and Brun- Hool, J. (1968-). Ciba-Geigy Weed Tables CIBA-GEIGY Ltd, Agrochemicals Division Basel, Switzerland
45City of Portland, Oregon: Nuisance Plant List: (weed)
46Dupe, B. (1999) Collection of suggested control methods for Crataegus monogyna in environmental areas. Enviroweeds Mail List
47Collier County Natural Resources Department Exotic Plant Management Collier County Land Development Code: Section 2.4
48Colorado State Designated Exotic Plant Species, weed
49Thornton, B.J. and Durrell, L.W. (1933). Colorado Weeds Bulletin 403 Colorado Agricultural College, Colorado Experimental Station Fort Collins, Colorado
50Wild, H. (19??). Common Rhodesian Weeds Government Printer, Salisbury, Rhodesia.
51Henderson, M. and Anderson, J.G. (1966). Common Weeds of South Africa Memoirs of the Botanical Surveys of South Africa N° 37 Department of Agricultural Technical Services Republic of South Africa
52Mulligan, G.A. (1987). Common Weeds of Canada McClelland and Stewart, the Department of Agriculture and the Publishing Centre, Supply and Services Canada
53Terry, P.J. and Michieka, R.W. (1987). Common Weeds of East Africa Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Rome
54Groves, R.H. and Hosking, J.R. (1997). Recent Incursions of weeds to Australia 1971-1995, Technical Series N° 3 CRC for Weed Management Systems Australia
55Wilson, B.J., Hawton, D. and Duff, A.A. (1995). Crop Weeds of Northern Australia Department of Primary Industries Queensland Queensland
56Rich, T.C.G. (1991). Crucifers of Great Britian and Ireland BSBI Handbook N°6 Botanical Society of the British Isles London
57Lazarides, M., Cowley, K. and Hohnen, P. (1997). CSIRO Handbook of Australian Weeds CSIRO Publications Australia
59Dafni, Amots and Heller, David. 1990. "Invasions of adventive plants in Israel." Section 8 in Biological Invasions in Europe and the Mediterranean Basin. di Castri, F., Hansen, A.J. and Debussche, M. eds. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht., weed
61McLaren, D. Pers. Comm. (2000) Comments on recent horse poisonings attributed to Phalaris coerulescens. Natural Resources and Environment, Victoria.
62Declared Plants of WA (Noxious Weeds)
63Declared Weeds and Invader plants of South Africa (2000). URL: html
64Delisted from US List Noxious Weeds of the United States. USDA, NRCS 1999. The PLANTS database ( National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874- 4490 USA.
65Garcia, A.E., Chaila, S. , Vega, Y.M. de la. (1991). Distribution of Tithonia tubaeformis (Jack.) Cass. in Tucuman and the crops affected. Facultad de Agronomia y Zootecnica, Universidad Nacional de Tucuman, San Miguel de Tucuman 400, Argentina. Proceedin
66Diwakar, P.G. and Ansari, A.A. (1995). Weed Flora of Buldhana District of Maharashtra. J. Econ. Tax. Bot. Vol. 19 No.3
67Patterson, D. (1999). Weed Specialist North Carolina Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services Plant Protection Section. URL: XXXX
68Dr. Ian Heap Herbicide Resistant Plants @
69Khedr, A.H.A. and Hegazy, A.K. (1998). Ecology of the rampant weed Nymphaea lotus (L. Willdenow) in natural and ricefield habitats of the Nile delta, Egypt. Hydrobiologia. 386:119-129.
70Williams, G.H. (1982). Elseviers's Dictionary of Weeds of Western Europe Elsevier Scientific Publishing Company Amsterdam, Holland
71EMASAR PHASE II Notes on trees and shrubs in arid and semi-arid regions - Michel Baumer (1983 FAO Publication)
72Carr, G.W., Yugovic, J. V. and Robinson, K.E. (1992). Environmental Weed Invasions in Victoria Department of Conservation and Environment Melbourne
73Nagle, J. (1995). Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW. Greening Australia. URL: XXXX
75EPHEMERAL INTRODUCTIONS OF VASCULAR PLANTS AROUND VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA (PART 1)From: Frank Lomer c/o I have collected the following species in the Vancouver area during the last twelve years. These species cannot be conside
76Exclusion List (weed)
77EXOTIC INVASIVE PLANTS IN SOUTHEASTERN FORESTS, James H. Miller, Southern Research Station USDA Forest Service Auburn University, AL, weed
78Exotic Pest Plants of Ecological Concern in California: web site; weed
79Exotic Plant Records in the Northwest United States 1950-1996: an Ecological Assessment; Toney, C.J., Rice, P.M, & Forcella, F. 1998 weed
80Faith T. Campbell; American Lands Alliance; "Worst" Invasive Plant Species in the conterminous United States: weed
82Flora of North America
83Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, online weed forum Downy Rose Myrtle in Sarasota County
84Florida Weeds, FAIRS.
85G.R.I.N. TAXON Database GRIN
86Garden Thugs and Naturalised Plants weed list
87Geographic Atlas of World Weeds, Holm, Pancho, Herberger, Pluncknett
88Global Pest Plant Information Service: FAO (weed)
89Grass Varieties for North Dakota & Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program Utah State University
90Grass Weeds 1. Hafliger & Scholz. 1980. Ciba Geigy
91Grass Weeds 2. Hafliger & Scholz. 1981. Ciba-Geigy
93Guide to the Weeds of the Northern Territory
94Hanf, M. (1983). The Arable Weeds of Europe, with their seedlings and seeds. BASF Aktiengesellschaft, D- 6700 Ludwigshafen. Germany
95Henderson, L. (1995). Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute Handbook N°5. Agriculture Research Council. (weed)
96???? (1997) Herbage4.
97Herbal Harvest Commercial Production of quality dried herbs in Australia Greg Whitten
98Hnatiuk, R.J. (1990). Census of Australian Vascular Plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series N°11. Bureau of Flora and Fauna. Canberra, ACT
99Rozefelds, A. C. F., Cave, L., Morris, D. I., Buchanan, A. M. (1999). The weed invasion in Tasmania since 1970. Aust. J. Bot. 47: 23-48
100International Legume Database & Information Service
101Introduced (Naturalised) Species to the United States [USDA, NRCS 1999. The PLANTS database ( National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874- 4490 USA. ] weed
102Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee, weed
103Invasive Exotic Plants of Canada An initiativeof Parks Canada, Canadian Heritage CWS, BCO, EMAN, Environment Canada, GeoAccess Division, Natural Resources Canada (http://infoweb. Weed
104Invasive Plants of Natural Habitats in Canada, An Integrated Review of Wetland and Upland Species and Legislation Government their Control. Environment Canada and the Canadian Wildlife Service. Weed
105Invasive plants: changing the landscape of America: fact book (Westbrook, R. Federal Interagency Committee for the Management of Noxious and Exotic Weeds, 1998) (Weed)
106Invasive Species in China. China Species Information System. (weed) cciced/english/cesis/invasive.htm
107Invasive species present on Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia. A product of the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER) WEED htm
108Ken Fern, Plants for a Future, 1992-97, The Field, Penpol, Lostwithiel, Cornwall, PL22 0NG, England. "Plants For A Future" is a charitable company limited by guarantee, registered in England and Wales. Charity No. 1057719, Company No. 3204567, Reg. offi
109King's American Dispensatory. by Harvey Wickes Felter, M.D., and John Uri Lloyd, Phr. M., Ph. D.:
110Knapweeds, Starthistles, and Basketflowers of New Mexico, K. Allred & R. Lee, New Mexico State Uni
111Les principales mauvaises herbes des vergers dans la region maritime de Syrie. Soufi, Z. Weed Research, 1988, Vol 2.
112List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, weed
114Major Weeds of Mongolia - Malik R.K and Tsedev D.
115Major weeds of the Near East - FAO Plant Production and Protection Paper 104
116Management Plan for the Control and Eradication of Wildland Weeds Ecological Restoration Department Santa Catalina Island Conservancy August 1997
117Manual of the Grasses of the United States, AS Hitchcock Vol 2 weed
118Manuale per il Riconoscimento delle Principali erbe Infestanti (S.I.L.M Societa Italiana per lo Studio della Lotta alle Malerbe; 1989) weed
119Medit Plants, Listserver
120Clarke, I. pers. comm. (1999). Comments on the naturalisation of Cistus monspeliensis. Melbourne Herbarium, Victoria.
121Memoirs of the Botanical Survey of South Africa - A Catalogue of Problem Plants in Southern Africa incorporating The National Weed List of South Africa. Wells, M.J.; Balsinhas, V.M., Joffe, H., Engelbrecht, V.M., Harding, G. and Stirton, C.H.
122Plants to avoid in Miami-Dade County, Web Site us/derm/environment/land/badplants/scientific.htm
123MILE-A-MINUTE WEED IN THE NORTHEAST, Larry H. McCormick and C. Fagan Johnson, Jr. Pennsylvania State University
124Missouri Botanic Gardens, Tropicos 3
125Monksilver Nursery Catalogue, Cottenham, Cambridge
126Monocot Weeds 3; Häfliger, E. et al. Ciba Geigy (1982)
127Monterey Bay Nursery Home Page
128Mulvaney, M weed Consultant Ecologist, Canberra ACT
129Native Plant Conservation Initiative, Alien Plant Working Group. http://www.nps. gov/plants/alien/fact/eufo1.htm
130New Mexico State Exotic Plant Candidate Species List, weed
131New Zealand Natives, Invasive elsewhere, Graham Harris, weed
132Various. (1999). "Nominated dominanting weed species". Weed species nominated as most invasive by members of the Aliens Mail List.
133Non-native Invasive Plant Species Occurring in Connecticut. Revised Edition Leslie J. Mehrhoff. George Safford Torrey Herbarium. Connecticut Invasive PlantWorking Group. (weed) PLUS The Non-Native Invasive & Potentially Invasive Vascular Plants in Connect
134NORFOLK ISLAND SPECIES LIST Prepared by Peter Green for the Flora of Australia, Vol.49, AGPS (1994) Published by the Australian Biological Resources Study
135Northern Australian Quarantine Service, Target Weeds, NAQS
136Northwest Weeds-The Ugly and Beautiful Villians of Fields, Gardens and Roadsides Taylor R.J
137Noxious Invasive Vegetation of the Willamette Valley: Native Plant Society of Oregon. weed
138Noxious Weeds and Non- Native Plants (Colorado Weed Management Association;; 1999) Weed
139Noxious Weeds in Washington State
140Federal Noxious Weeds of the United States. USDA, NRCS 1999. The PLANTS database (http://plants.usda. gov/plants). National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.
141Noxious Weeds of Utah ( weed2.htm#officially, 1999) Weed
142Ornamentals Invading Natural Areas in the Continental United States. (Randall, J and Marinelli, J. eds 1996 Invasive plants: Weeds of the global garden. Brooklyn Botanical Garden, Brooklyn, New York) (Weed)
143Overview of Noxious Freshwater Weeds in Washington, Washington State Department of Ecology -- aquatic plants and lakes.
145Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) Jim Space (Weed)
146Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
147Parsons, W.T. and Cuthbertson, E.G. (1992). Noxious Weeds of Australia. Inkata Press, Melbourne & Sydney.
149McKinnell, F. pers comm. (2000), Forester with Department of Conservation and Land Management, Western Australia.
150Phenology, growth and ecophysiological characteristics of Fallopia sachalinensis, Marigo G. Pautou G. Journal of Vegetation Science. 9(3):379-386, 1998 Jun.
151Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed
152Plant Invaders. The threat to natural ecosystems.Q.C.B.Cronk & J. L. Fuller (weed)
153PLANTAS INVASORAS MAS FRECUENTES EN LAS PASTURAS DE LA ZONA DE PUCALLPA: Frequently Invasive Plants of Pastures in the Pucallpa Region of Peru: html weed
154Plants TOXIC To Cockatiels URL: ???
155Potential Environmental Weeds in Australia, CANDIDATE SPECIES FOR PREVENTATIVE CONTROL - Csurhes, S. and Edwards, R.
156Potential Exotic Plant Species Invading the Blackfoot Drainage, Montana, Peter M. Rice, Chris Toney and Bob Sacco, weed
157Prevalent Weeds of Central America. Garcia, MacBryde, Molina, Herrera-MacBryde (1975)
158Problem Plants of South Africa Bromilow, C. 1995 (weed)
159Project to identify the riparian and aquatic weeds of Montana -vascular plants only. http://gemini.oscs.
160Purdue University, Source: James A. Duke. 1983. Handbook of Energy Crops. unpublished. http://www.hort.
161RAPID. Common Weeds and Poisonous Plants of North America: University of Idaho, College of Agriculture
162Restricted, Noxious and Nusiance Weeds of Alberta (Scott, Lisa. 1988. Weed Invasion in Smith, I.M., & Scudder G.G.E. eds. Assessment of species diversity in the Montane Cordillera Ecozone. Burlington)
163Randall, R.P. (2001). "Plants Database". A Comprehensive Database of Plant Information. Department of Agriculture, Western Australia.
164OVID Citations
165Roy, B., Popay, I., Champion, P., James, T., and Rahman, A. (1998). An illustrated guide to the common weeds of New Zealand. New Zealand Plant Protection Society, R.G. & F.J. Richardson.
166Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (1999). Survey of Economic Plants for Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (SEPASAL) database. Published on the Internet; uk/ceb/sepasal/internet/
167San Dimas Experimental Forest Flora Nomenclature revision June 1999 by Dick Swinney; from the publication "The SDEF: 50 Years of Research; " by Dunn et al.; c. 1988; GTR PSW-104; 49 pp. according to the Jepson Manual; Higher Plants of Calif.; c. 1993. Som
168Sharp Bros Seed Co.
169Snowy River Shire Council Noxious Weeds
170Soerjani, M., Kostermans, A.J.G.H. and Tjitrosoepomo, G. (Eds) (1987). Weeds of Rice in Indonesia. Balai Pustaka, Jakata.
171South Australian "Proclaimed Plants" (Weed)
174Stubbendieck, J., G.Y. Friisoe, & M.R. Bolick. 1994. Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains. Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry. Lincoln, Nebraska. 589 pp. see USDA Plants Database for Listing of species.
175Studies on weed control in a citrus orchard. III. Control of broad leaf perennial weeds. AU: Suzuki-K; Hirose-K; Kawase-K AD: Fruit Tree Res. Sta., Shizuoka, Japan. SO: Bulletin-of-the- Fruit-Tree-Research-Station,-B-Okitsu -Japan. 1988, No. 15, 21-34; 7 r
176Tasmania introduced species (weeds) from Resource Management and Conservation Department of Primary Industry, Water & Environment. Hobart
177The Biology of Australian Weeds Vol 1. Groves; Shepherd & Richardson
178The Biology of Australian Weeds Vol 2. Panetta; Groves & Shepherd
179The Exotic Plants of Southern Florida. Exotic Specifics. The Institute for Regional Conservation George D. Gann and Keith A. Bradley 22601 S.W. 152 Ave. Miami, Florida 33170
180The Grower's Weed Identification Handbook by Family and by Aphabetical Listing - Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources University of California
181The Impact of Weeds on Threatened Plants. V.A. Reid; Department of Conservation New Zealand; S & R Internal Report N° 64
182The Nature Conservancy Weed Alert! Wildland Invasive Species Program. http://tncweeds.ucdavis. edu/alert/archive.html
183The Plant Book. Mabberley, (1997)
184The Royal Veterinary College: Virtual Gardens Plants Generally Recognised as Putting the Environment at Risk (weed)
185The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M
186The World's Worst Weeds Distribution and Biology; Holm, LG., Plucknett DL., Pancho J V., Herberger JP
189Toxic Plants, from web site
190Trees of Southern Africa; Palgrave
191Tropical Weeds Report. Randall Mitchell & Waterhouse (1999)
192Tropicos 3
193University of Florida Aquatic, Wetland and Invasive Plant Information, weed
194University of Nebraska Cooperative Extension Toxicity of Common Houseplants
195USDA Forest Service Eastern Region. weed
196USDA Plants Database weed
197USGS Nonindigenous aquatic species database weed
198Victorian Exotic Flora, State Herb
199Villaseñor Ríos, J.L. and Espinosa García, F.J. (1998). Catálogo De Malezas De México. Ediciones Científicas Universitarias. Mexico. weed
200WATERPLANTS in Australia , A FIELD GUIDE 3rd Ed (Sainty, G.R. & Jacobs, S.W.L; 1994)
202Author, (1999) Article name. Weed Research 39. pp 159
203Weed Science List, Naturalised and Non Naturalised Weeds identified by AQIS and AgWA
204Weeds and Weed Control in Asia, Tetango M.H. FFTC Book Series N°20. (1981) Taiwan
205Weeds of Alice Springs (Dave Albrecht, NT Herbarium ? check)
206Weeds of Bananas and Sugarcane in Guadeloupe, Fournet, J. (1993) Weed Research Vol 33
207Weeds of Kentucky and Adjacent States - A Field Guide; Patricia Dalton Haragan 1991
208Weeds of Ponds and Streams in N.Z. Taylor, R.L.
209Weeds of Thailand, Thai Publication. (1995) Author Ass. Prof Dr. Surachai Matchacheep of the Ratchamongkul Technology Institute, Thailand (source: Ricky Ward, Enviroweeds subscriber)
210Weeds of the North Central States; North Central Regional Research Publication N° 50. Cooperative Extension Service. Agricultural Experiment Station. University of Illinois.
211Weeds of the Northeast. Uva et al. 1997
212Weeds of the West, Whitson, T.D. et al.
213WeedSSA, article proceedings, Vol 51, 1998
214Weir, J.R. (1927). The problem of Dichrostachys nutans, a weed tree, in Cuba with remarks on its pathology. Phytopathology 17, 137-146, plates 6-8.
215Wild Flowers of the Mediterranean, The visual guide to more than 500 species David Burnie (1995)
216Wild Indigo (c) David L. Hoffman, M.N.I.M.H.
217WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
218WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
219Wyoming Weed and Pest Council "Weed Handbook" Series 1-55
220AQIS Quarantine Species from EICON 21 November 2000
221Weeds' of Egypt. The Arasi company is a supplier of essential oils extracted from cultivated plants and 'wild' plants (or weeds). This definition is not that which is normally applied to weeds but it was decided to include this dataset as one which conta
222Hoffman, R. & K. Kearns, Eds. 1997. Wisconsin manual of control recommendations for ecologically invasive plants. Wisconsin Dept. Natural Resources. Madison, Wisconsin. 102 pp. See species List on the USDA Plants Database. weed
224Non-Native Invasive & Potentially Invasive Vascular Plants in Connecticut. The CT Geological and Natural History Survey. List and criteria developed by the George Safford Torrey Herbarium at the University of Connecticut in conjunction with the State Geol
225Weeds of concern on conservation lands in New Zealand. Owen, S.J. 1996. Ecological weeds on conservation land in New Zealand: a database. 118p. Department of Conservation, Wellington.
227Summary of non-native plant species that have become established in the Cockpit Country region of Jamaica. URL:
228Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (1999). Survey of Economic Plants for Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (SEPASAL) database. Published on the Internet; uk/ceb/sepasal/internet/
229State Noxious Weeds of the USA. USDA, NRCS 1999. The PLANTS database ( National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.
230Flora List for Pohnpei from Christopher Dahl (File creation date 15 Nov 1997) College of Micronesia-FSM Botany 250 URL:
231Brossard, C.C., Randall, J.M. and Hoshovsky, M.C (2000) Invasive Plants of California's Wildlands. University of California Press, USA
232AUSTRALIAN CAPITAL TERRITORY LAND (PLANNING AND ENVIRONMENT) ACT 1991 DECLARATION OF PEST PLANTS DECLARATION NO. 1 0F 1999 Under Subsection 254 (1) of the Land (Planning and Environment) Act 1991, I declare that the following plants to be 'pest plants' in
233Hawaii's Most Invasive Horticultural Plants. This is a list of the worst invasive horticultural plants in Hawaii as put forth by the Hawaii State Alien Species Coordinator (Department of Land & Natural Resources [DLNR], Division of Forestry & Wildlife [DO
234Charles Darwin Research Station, Dr Alan Tye Isla Santa Cruz weed
235Source Formosan Weed Seed Morphology Edited from Miyake and Kore (1937-1938) Investigation on the Seed Morphology of Taiwan Weed Species. Formosa Agricultural Review (372): 831~842; (374): 50~74; (375): 153~163; (376): 227~251; (377): 62~67. http://seed.a
236Weeds of Cultivation in Argentina. ""Malezas en Cultivos de Argentina"" Agro Mercado - via Rural - Arventis Web Site: nombrelatino.htm
237AGRO Management Malezas Incluidas. Argentinian Software Development Company URL: http://www.agromanagement. com/malezas_incluidas.htm
238Weeds in the Highlands of Northern Thailand. Botany and Weed Science Division of the Thai Department of Agriculture. URL:
239Major Weeds of Thailand. Botany and Weed Science Division of the Thai Department of Agriculture. URL:
240Tamado, T. and Milberg, P. (2000). Weed flora in arable fields of eastern Ethiopa with empahsis on the occurrence of Pathenium hysterophorus. Weed Research 40, 507-521.
241Marticorena, C. & Quezada, A. (1985). Catálogo de la flora vascular de Chile. GAYANA, BOTANICA Vol 42 N° 1-2 Universidad de Concepcion-Chile.
242Common Weeds of Central Sudan. Braun M. Burgstaller H. Hamdoun AM. Walter H. (pub. verlag josef margraf 1991)
243HortGuard & GrainGuard Threat Lists (Baseline Data)
244Country Pasture/Forage Resource Profiles, NEPAL. by Dinesh Pariyar, FAO. http://www.fao. org/WAICENT/FAOINFO/AGRICULT/AGP/AGPC/doc/Counprof/Nepal.htm
245AgroInformacoes Plantas Daninhas - Brasil (Problematic Plants of Agriculture in Brazil) URL: http://www.
246Chris Buddenhagen and Melanie Newfield: New Zealand Department of Conservation (pers comm. 2001)
247Poisonous Plants of North Carolina." Dr. Alice B. Russell-Department of Horticultural Science-Dr. James W. Hardin-Botany-Dr. Larry Grand-Plant Pathology-and Dr. Angela Fraser-Family and Consumer Sciences-North Carolina State University. All Pictures Copyr
248Marwat, Q. & Hussain, F. (1988). Ecological Assessment of Apple and Apricot Weeds in Hanna - Urak Valley Quetta. Pakistan J. Agric. Res. Vol. 9, N°: 2.
249Weeds of Southern Turfgrasses by Murphy T.R. and Johnson B.J. from the College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences - Griffin, Georgia URL: http://www.griffin.peachnet. edu/cssci/TURF/turf.htm
250Sá; G.; Vasconcelos; T. and Filipe; N. (1989) Weed flora of some orchards in Portugal. Influence of ecological factors. Proceedings of the 4th European Weed Research Society Symposium on Weed Problems in the Mediterranean Climates; Valencia; Spain.
251Kate Blood garden Thug Additions, pers comm (2001)
252Rod R. Garden Thug Additons
253Unité de Malherbologie & Agronomie Weed Science & Agronomy INRA-Dijon This encyclopedic database on plant protection catalogues the main weeds (580) of western Europe, describes the species at two stages: mature plants and seedlings, and provides informat
254Ferns and Man in New Guinea by Jom Croft from a paper presented to Papua New Guinea Botany Society, 1982 [Ferns and their Allies used by or Affecting Man in Papuasia] URL: http://www.anbg.
255Lorenzi, H. (2000). Plantas daninhas do Brasil. Terrestres, Aquaticas, Parasitas e Toxicas. 3rd Edition. Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora Ltda
256Qiang, S., Cao X. (2000) Survey and analysis of exotic weeds in China. Journal of Plant Resources 9(4): 34-47
257Tye, A. (2001) Invasive Plant Problems and Requirements for Weed Risk Assessment in the Galapagos Islands. Proceedings of the Weed Risk Assessment Workshop. CSIRO Publishing.
258Puerto Rico: Summary Of Plant Protection Regulations Updated September, 1999 Puerto Rico Department of Agriculture Plant Quarantine Services, Noxious Weeds. http://www.aphis.usda. gov/npb/F&SQS/prsq.html
259Swarbrick, J.T. & Hart, R. (2000) Envionmental weeds of Christmas Island and their Management. Plant Protection Quarterly. Vol.16(2)
260Queensland Tree Selector Index QDNRPI
261Liogier, H.A. (2000). Flora of Puerto Rico and Adjacent Islands. A Systematic Synopsis. (2nd Edition). Universidad de Puerto Rico
262Koo;SK; Chin; YW; Kwon; YW; Cung; HA. (2000) Common Weeds in Vietnam. Agriculture Publsihing House; Vietnam
263Morita, H. (1997). Handbook of Arable Weeds in Japan. Kumiai Chemical Company.
264Heil, K.D. (2000) Four Corners Invasive and Poisonous Plant Field Guide. San Juan College, Bureau of Land Management
266Anderson, W.P. (1999). Perennial Weeds.Iowa State University Press Iowa, USA
267Sheley, R.L. and Petroff, J.K. (Eds) (1999). Biology and Management of Noxious Rangeland Weeds. Oregon State University Press Oregon
268List of Alien Invasive Plant Species from Sri Lanka: Channa Bambaradeniya, email to Aliens: channab@sltnet. lk
269Auld, B.A. and Medd, R. W. (1992) WEEDS, An illustrated botanical guide to the weeds of Australia. Inkata Press.
270Molina, A.R. (1998) Malezas presentes en cultivos de verano. Vol 1. ar/molinaanibal/manuales.htm
271Molina, A.R. (1999). Malezas presentes en la Zona (Templada), Subtropical y Tropical de,América del Sur - parte 1.
272Williams, G. and Hunyadi, K. (1987). Dictionary of weeds of eastern Europe: Their common names and importance in Latin. Amsterdam, Elsevier.
273Mou-Yen Chiang and Lin- Min Shi (2000). Lawn Weeds in Taiwan Council of Agriculture, Executive Yuan Taiwan
274Horng, H.C. & Leu, L.S. (1980). Weeds of Cultivated Land in Taiwan. Weed Science Society of the Republic of China.
275Zhirong, W., Mingyuan, X., Dehui, M., Shunzu, S., Xianfeng, W., Chunbo, Y., Dianjing, Z., Weizhuo, F., Enhui, M. and Jixian, C. (1990). Farmland Weeds in China. A collection of coloured illustrative plates. Agricultural Publishing House. China.
276Henty, E.E. and Pritchard, G.S. (1973) Weeds of New Guinea and their control. Botany Bulletin N°7. Department of Forests. Div. of Botany. Lae, P.N.G. (All plants illustrated, kept in Agency library)
277A summary of a study of the status and impacts of invading exotic plants in South Africa (Summary of information on prominent weed species in South Africa after Dean et al. 1986 and Henderson 1995.) URL:
278Henderson, M., Fourie, D.M.C., Wells, M.J. and Henderson, L. (1987). Declared weeds and alien invader plants in South Africa. Department of Agriculture and Water Supply. Pretoria, South Africa
279Henderson, L. and Musil, K.J. (1987). Plant Invaders of the Transvaal. Department of Agriculture and Water Supply. Pretoria, South Africa
280Landcare Research New Zealand (2001) Plant Names Database. URL: nzflora.landcare.cri. nz/plantnames
281PRINCIPALES MALEZAS DE CENTRO AMERICA Y EL CARIBE CONTROLADAS CON ROUNDUP MAX. Per Label Registration in Peru and Ecuador. (from Chris Buddenhagen, Galapagos Islands)
282Marine Invasives in Hawai'i. Functional forms & invasive species. URL: http://www.botany.hawaii. edu/Invasive/default.htm
283Henderson, L. (2001) Alien Weeds and Invasive Plants. Plant Protection Research Institute & Agricultural Research Council, South Africa.
284Randy Westbrooks, USGS and Randall Stocker Director, Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants University of Florida (Enviroweeds Posting)
285Colin Wilson, Weed Management Officer Parks & Wildlife Commission of the NT
286The Research Institute for Bioresources. Okayama University. Laboratory of Wild Plant Science. ""Weeds of Japan"".
287The Research Institute for Bioresources. Okayama University. Laboratory of Wild Plant Science. ""Naturalized plants from foreign country into Japan"". jp/wild/kika/kika_table.htm
288James Asa Strong, Portaferry Marine Station, The Queen's University of Belfast, Northern Ireland [J. Strong@Queens-Belfast.AC.UK]
289Blood, K. (2001) "Environmental weeds: A field guide for SE Australia" CH Jerram & Associates.
290Blood, K. (2001) Environmental Weeds in southeastern Australia but NOT USED IN HER BOOK
291Cavers, P.B. (Ed.) (2000). The Biology of Canadian Weeds IV. Contributions 84-102. Agricultural Insitute of Canada.
292Cavers, P.B. (Ed.) (1995). The Biology of Canadian Weeds III. Contributions 62-83. Agricultural Insitute of Canada.
293Mulligan, G.A. (Ed.) (1984). The Biology of Canadian Weeds II. Contributions 33-61. Agriculture Canada.
294Mulligan, G.A. (Ed.) (1979). The Biology of Canadian Weeds I. Contributions 1-32. Agriculture Canada.
295Marzocca, A. (1994). Guia Descriptiva De Malezas Del Cono Sur. Instituto Nacional De Tecnologia Agropecuaria.
296Muyt, A. (2001). Bush Invaders of South-East Australia. Appendix of other environmental weeds. R.G. and F. J. Richardson, Victoria
297Zhang, Z.P. & Hirota, S. (Eds) (2000). Chinese Colored Weed Illustrated Book Institute for the Control of Agrochemicals, Ministry of Agriculture, P.R.China, and the Japan Association For Advancement of Phyto-Regulators.
298Espie, P.R. (2001). Hieracium in New Zealand: ecology and management. AgResearch Ltd. Mosgiel, New Zealand
299Royer, F. and Dickinson, R. (1999). Weeds of Canada and the Northern United States. The University of Alberta Press.

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Questions? Comments? Send e-mail to the HEAR project. This website was created and is maintained by the Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk Project. This page was created on 26 December 2001 by PT and was last updated on 29 May 2003 by PT.