Broughton, Sonya. 2000. Review and evaluation of Lantana biocontrol programs. Biological Control Volume 17, Issue 3, March 2000, pp. 272-286.
"This paper provides a review of lantana (Lantana
camara L.) biological control programs worldwide.
Tables on the origins of the agents introduced for the
biocontrol of lantana, are presented, including references
to the biology and/or host-tests for each species.
Establishment and control rates of the introduced
agents and cases leading to partial control of lantana
are discussed. From the review, feeding groups and
species contributing to control were identified. Leaf-,
flower-, and fruit-feeding species were the most successful
feeding groups, and the leaf-mining chrysomelid,
Uroplata girardi Pic, was the most successful control
agent. The main factor preventing establishment was
the number of individuals released, while cultivar
preferences, parasitism and predation, and climate
reduced control. The implication of these results for
lantana biocontrol programs is discussed, and future
research requirements are identified." [from published document abstract]