Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)


Risk Assessments


Information on Risk Assessments
Scientific Name Family Common name Risk assessment Country or Area Score Recommendation

Abelia x grandiflora

Caprifoliaceae

glossy abelia

Assessment

Pacific

-13

low risk

Abelmoschus manihot Malvaceae manioc hibiscus Assessment Pacific 1 low risk*
Abies fraseri Pinaceae Fraser fir Assessment Pacific 3 evaluate
Abies grandis Pinaceae grand fir Assessment Pacific 1 evaluate
Abies guatemalensis Pinaceae Guatemalan Fir Assessment Pacific -2 low risk
Abies nordmanniana Pinaceae Nordmann fir Assessment Pacific 2 evaluate
Abies procera Pinaceae noble fir Assessment Pacific 1 evaluate
Abies religiosa Pinaceae sacred fir Assessment Pacific -2 low risk
Abrus precatorius Fabaceae rosary pea Assessment U.S. (Florida) 16 reject
Abutilon grandifolium Malvaceae Hairy abutilon Assessment Pacific 6 low risk*
Abutilon megapotamicum Malvaceae trailing abutilon Assessment U.S. (Florida) 2 evaluate
Abutilon hirtum Malvaceae Florida Keys Indian mallow Assessment U.S. (Florida) 5 reject*
Abutilon theophrasti Malvaceae velvet leaf Assessment Australia 15 reject
Acacia auriculiformis Fabaceae earleaf acacia Assessment Pacific 13 high risk
Acacia cochliacantha Fabaceae boat thorn acacia Assessment Pacific 10 high risk
Acacia confusa Fabaceae Formosan koa Assessment Pacific 10 high risk

Acacia crassicarpa

Fabaceae

northern wattle

Assessment

Pacific

7

high risk

Acacia dealbata Fabaceae silver wattle Assessment Pacific 22 high risk
Acacia farnesiana Fabaceae fragrant acacia Assessment Pacific 14 high risk
Acacia holosericea Fabaceae candelabra wattle Assessment Pacific 4 evaluate
Acacia insuavis Fabaceae pak la Assessment Pacific 5 evaluate
Acacia longifolia Fabaceae Sydney golden wattle Assessment Pacific 10 high risk
Acacia mangium Fabaceae mangium Assessment Pacific 8 high risk
Acacia mearnsii Fabaceae black wattle Assessment Pacific 15 high risk
Acacia melanoxylon Fabaceae blackwood acacia Assessment Pacific 12 high risk
Acacia nilotica Fabaceae black thorn Assessment Australia 13 reject
Acacia nilotica Fabaceae black thorn Assessment Pacific 14 high risk
Acacia nilotica Fabaceae black thorn Assessment United States medium-high risk

Acacia parramattensis

Fabaceae

Parramatta green wattle

Assessment

Pacific

9

high risk

Acacia podalyriifolia Fabaceae Queensland silver wattle Assessment Pacific 12 high risk
Acacia pycnantha Fabaceae broadleaf wattle Assessment Pacific 16 high risk
Accacia retinodes

Fabaceae

water wattle Assessment

Pacific

8

high risk

Acacia robusta Fabaceae splendid acacia Assessment Pacific 7 high risk
Acacia saligna Fabaceae Port Jackson wattle Assessment Pacific 17 high risk
Acca sellowiana Myrtaceae pineapple guava Assessment Pacific 5 evaluate
Acca sellowiana Myrtaceae pineapple guava Assessment U.S. (Florida) 5 evaluate
Acacia stenophylla Fabaceae river cooba

Assessment

Pacific

-2 low risk*

Acalypha godseffiana

Euphorbiaceae

acalypha

Assessment

Pacific

-7

low risk

Acalypha hispida

Euphorbiaceae

chenille plant

Assessment

Pacific

2

low risk*

Acalypha setosa Euphorbiaceae Cuban copperleaf Assessment U.S. (Florida) 0 accept
Acalypha siamensis Euphorbiaceae wild tea Assessment U.S. (Florida) 3 accept*

Acalypha wilkesiana

Euphorbiaceae

beefsteak plant

Assessment

Pacific

-2

low risk

Acer rubrum Aceraceae red maple Assessment Pacific 8 high risk
Achillea millefolium Asteraceae common yarrow Assessment Pacific 19 high risk
Acmella grandiflora Asteraceae Acmella Assessment Pacific 0 low risk
Acnistus arborescens Solanaceae hollowheart Assessment Pacific 2 evaluate
Acokanthera schimperi Apocynaceae common-poisonbush Assessment Pacific 6 evaluate

Acoelorraphe wrightii

Arecaceae

Everglades palm

Assessment

Pacific

2

evaluate

Acrocomia aculeata Arecaceae coyoli palm Assessment Pacific 5 low risk*
Actinidia polygama Actinidiaceae silvervine Assessment Pacific 2 evaluate
Actinorhytis calapparia Arecaceae calappa palm Assessment Pacific 1 evaluate

Adansonia digitata

Bombacaceae

baobab tree

Assessment

Pacific

-6

low risk

Adansonia rubrostipa Bombacaceae fony baobab Assessment U.S. (Florida) -7 accept
Adansonia suarezensis Bombacaceae Suarez baobab Assessment U.S. (Florida) -7 accept
Adenanthera pavonina Fabaceae red bead tree Assessment Pacific 7 high risk
Adiantopsis chlorophylla Pteridaceae Assessment U.S. (Florida) 2 accept*
Adiantum raddianum Pteridaceae delta maidenhair Assessment Pacific 15 high risk
Adiantum thalictroides Pteridaceae meadow-rue maidenhair fern Assessment U.S. (Florida) 4 accept*

Adenium obesum

Apocynaceae

desert rose

Assessment

Pacific

-8

low risk

Aechmea blanchetiana Bromeliaceae orange blanchetiana Assessment Pacific 0 low risk
Aechmea fasciata Bromeliaceae urn plant Assessment Pacific 2 low risk*
Aegle marmelos Rutaceae Bengal quince Assessment Pacific 4 evaluate
Aeschynomene americana Fabaceae American joint vetch Assessment Pacific 12 high risk
Aesculus californica Hippocastanaceae California buckeye Assessment Pacific 0 low risk
Afrocarpus falcatus Podpcar[aceae bastard yellow wood Assessment Pacific 0 low risk
Agapanthus africanus Liliaceae lily of the Nile Assessment Pacific 2.5 low risk*
Agapanthus praecox Liliaceae common Agapanthus Assessment Pacific 12 high risk

Agathis robusta

Araucariaceae

Queensland kauri

Assessment

Pacific

-5

low risk

Agave americana Agavaceae American century plant Assessment Pacific 12 high risk
Agave americana Agavaceae century plant Assessment U.S. (Florida) 14 reject
Agave filifera Agavaceae thread-leaf agave Assessment U.S. (Florida) -1 accept
Ageratina riparia Asteraceae mistflower Assessment Australia 26 reject
Ageratina riparia Asteraceae mistflower Assessment United States medium-high risk

Aglaia odorata

Meliaceae

Chinese perfume plant

Assessment

Pacific

-4

low risk

Aglaonema commutatum

Araceae

Aglaonema

Assessment

Pacific

1

low risk*

Aglaonema nitidum

Araceae

Aglaonema

Assessment

Pacific

0

low risk

Agonis flexuosa Myrtaceae willow myrtle Assessment Pacific 7 high risk
Agrostemma githago Caryophyllaceae common corncockle Assessment U.S. (Florida) 9 reject
Agrostis stolonifera Poaceae carpet bentgrass Assessment Pacific 19 high risk
Ailanthus altissima Simaroubaceae tree of heaven Assessment Australia 12 reject
Ailanthus altissima Simaroubaceae tree of heaven Assessment Pacific 21 high risk
Aiphanes horrida Arecaceae ruffle palm Assessment Pacific 7 high risk
Aira caryophyllea Poaceae silver hairgrass Assessment U.S. (Florida) 9 reject
Ajania pacifica Asteraceae ajania Assessment Pacific 1 low risk*
Ajuga reptans Lamiaceae common bugleweed Assessment Pacific 11 high risk
Albizia adianthifolia Fabaceae West African albizzia Assessment Pacific 9 high risk

Albizia chinensis

Fabaceae

Chinese albizia

Assessment

Pacific

8

high risk

Albizia guachepele Fabaceae chime tree Assessment Pacific -4 low risk
Albizia julibrissin Fabaceae pink sirus Assessment Pacific 18 high risk
Albizia julibrissin Fabaceae momosa Assessment U.S. (Florida) 21 reject
Albizia lebbeck Fabaceae woman's-tongue tree Assessment Australia 4 more information
Albizia lebbeck Fabaceae woman's-tongue tree Assessment Pacific 7 high risk
Albizia niopoides Fabaceae Caribbean albizia Assessment Pacific 6 evaluate
Aleurites moluccana Euphorbiaceae candlenut tree Assessment Pacific 12 high risk
Aleurites moluccana Euphorbiaceae candlenut tree Assessment U.S. (Florida) 3 evaluate
Allamanda blanchetii Apocynaceae purple allamanda Assessment Pacific 6 evaluate
Allamanda cathartica Apocynaceae golden trumpet Allamanda Assessment Pacific 8 high risk
Allamanda cathartica Apocynaceae golden trumpet Allamanda Assessment U.S. (Florida) 12 reject
Allamanda schottii ynaceae bush allamanda Assessment Pacific 8 high risk
Allamanda schottii Apocynaceae bush allamanda Assessment U.S. (Florida) 7 reject
Allium sativum Liliaceae garlic Assessment Pacific -4 low risk

Allocasuarina verticillata

Casuarinaceae

drooping she oak

Assessment

Pacific

-5

low risk

Allogoptera arenaria Arecaceae seashore palm Assessment Pacific 2 evaluate
Allophylus cobbe Sapindaceae wild berry Assessment Pacific 9 high risk
Alloxylon flammeum Proteaceae tree waratah Assessment U.S. (Florida) -2 accept
Alluaudia procera Didiereaceae Madagascar ocotillo

Assessment

Pacific -7 low risk

Alnus nepalensis

Betulaceae

Nepalese alder

Assessment

Pacific

-2

low risk

Alocasia cucullata Araceae dwarf elephant ear Assessment Pacific 9 high risk

Alocasia sanderiana

Araceae

Kris plant

Assessment

Pacific

-2

low risk

Aloysia citrodora Verbenaceae lemon verbena Assessment Pacific 0 low risk

Alphitonia zizyphoides

Rhamnaceae

toi

Assessment

Pacific

0

low risk

Alpinia purpurata Zingiberaceae red ginger Assessment Pacific 4 evaluate
Alpinia zerumbet Zingiberaceae shell ginger Assessment Pacific 10 high risk
Alpinia zerumbet Zingiberaceae shell ginger Assessment U.S. (Florida) 5 accept*
Alstonia macrophylla Apocynaceae deviltree Assessment Pacific 9 high risk
Alstonia scholaris Apocynaceae scholar tree Assessment Pacific 3 evaluate
Alternanthera brasiliana Amaranthaceae Brazilian joyweed Assessment U.S. (Florida) 13 reject
Alternanthera paronichyoides Amaranthaceae smooth joyweed Assessment U.S. (Florida) 6 accept*
Alternanthera philoxeroides Amaranthaceae alligator weed Assessment Australia 22 reject
Alternanthera pungens Amaranthaceae khaki weed Assessment Australia 17 reject
Alyogyne huegelii Malvaceae lilac hibiscus Assessment Pacific 0 low risk
Alysicarpus vaginalis Fabaceae alyce clover Assessment Australia 5 evaluate
Ambrosia psilostachya Asteraceae western ragweed Assessment Pacific 15 high risk
Amaranthus dubius Amaranthaceae southern pigweed Assessment Australia 14 reject
Amaranthus palmeri Amaranthaceae Palmer's amaranth Assessment U.S. (Florida) 11 reject
Amaranthus spinosus Amaranthaceae spiny amaranth Assessment U.S. (Florida) 18 reject
Amaranthus tricolor Amaranthaceae Chinese amaranth Assessment Pacific 14 high risk
Amherstia nobilis Fabaceae pride of Burma Assessment Pacific -8 low risk
Amorphophallus lambii Araceae Assessment U.S. (Florida) 2 accept*
Anacardium occidentale Anacardiaceae cashew Assessment Pacific 0 low risk

Andira inermis

Fabaceae

cabbage tree

Assessment

Pacific

-3

low risk

Andropogon bicornis Poaceae West Indian foxtail grass Assessment Pacific 18 high risk
Andropogon gayanus Poaceae gamba grass Assessment Australia 8 reject
Andropogon glomeratus Poaceae bushy bluestem Assessment Pacific 14 high risk
Andropogon virginicus Poaceae broomsedge Assessment Australia 13 reject
Andropogon virginicus Poaceae broomsedge Assessment Pacific 20 high risk
Anemone hupehensis Ranunculaceae Japanese anemone Assessment Pacific 8.5 high risk

Angiopteris evecta

Marattiaceae

giant fern

Assessment

Pacific

8

high risk

Anigozanthos flavidus Haemodoraceae Evergreen kangaroo paw Assessment Pacific 12 high risk

Annona cherimola

Annonaceae

cherimoya

Assessment

Pacific

-4

low risk

Annona glabra Annonaceae pond apple Assessment Pacific 10 high risk
Annona macroprophyllata Annonaceae perpauce Assessment Pacific -2 low risk
Annona mucosa Annonaceae wild sweetsop Assessment Pacific -3 low risk
Annona muricata Annonaceae soursop Assessment Pacific -3 low risk
Annona reticulata Annonaceae custard apple Assessment Pacific 11 high risk
Annona squamosa Annonaceae custard apple Assessment Pacific -2 low risk
Anredera cordifolia Basellaceae Madeira-vine Assessment Pacific 20 high risk
Anthocleista grandiflora Gentianaceae forest bigleaf Assessment Pacific 3 evaluate
Anthoxanthum nitens Poaceae vanilla grass Assessment Pacific 4 evaluate
Anthoxanthum odoratum Poaceae sweet vernalgrass Assessment Pacific 11 high risk

Anthurium hookeri

Araceae

birds nest anthurium

Assessment

Pacific

-6

low risk

Antigonon leptopus Polygonaceae coral vine Assessment Pacific 19 high risk
Aphanamixis polystachya Meliaceae pithraj tree Assessment Pacific 3 evaluate
Aphelandra aurantiaca Acanthaceae fiery spike Assessment Pacific -2 low risk
Aphelandra sinclairiana Acanthaceae Sinclair's aphelandra Assessment Pacific -3 low risk

Aptenia cordifolia

Aizoaceae

hearts and flowers

Assessment

Pacific

5

low risk*

Aquilegia caucasica Ranunculaceae   Assessment U.S. (Florida) -1 accept

Arachis glabrata

Fabaceae

perennial peanut

Assessment

Pacific

-1

low risk

Arachis glabrata Fabaceae perennial peanut Assessment U.S. (Florida) -11 accept
Arachis hypogaea Fabaceae peanut Assessment Pacific -2 low risk

Arachis pintoi

Fabaceae

perennial peanut

Assessment

Pacific

-1

low risk

Araiostegia pseudocystopteris Davalliaceae Assessment U.S. (Florida) 3 accept*
Araucaria araucana Araucariaceae Chilean pine Assessment Pacific -1 low risk
Araucaria bidwillii Araucariaceae Queensland pine Assessment Pacific 1 low risk*

Araucaria columnaris

Araucariaceae

Cooks pine

Assessment

Pacific

-5

low risk

Araucaria heterophylla

Araucariaceae

Norfolk Island pine

Assessment

Pacific

-5

low risk

Araujia saricifera Apocynaceae bladder flower Assessment Pacific 24 high risk
Archidendron clypearia Fabaceae archidendron Assessment Pacific 3 evaluate
Archontophoenix alexandrae Arecaceae Alexandra palm Assessment Pacific 8 high risk

Archontophoenix cunninghamiana

Arecaceae

king palm

Assessment

Pacific

6

evaluate

Archontophoenix purpurea Arecaceae purple king palm Assessment Pacific 1 evaluate
Archontophoenix tuckeri Arecaceae peach creek palm Assessment Pacific 4 evaluate
Arctotheca calendula (fertile) Asteraceae capeweed Assessment Pacific 24 high risk
Arctotheca calendula (sterile) Asteraceae capeweed Assessment Pacific 8 high risk
Arctotheca calendula Asteraceae capeweed Assessment United States   high risk
Ardisia crenata Myrsinaceae Hilo holly Assessment Pacific 10 high risk
Ardisia elliptica Myrsinaceae shoebutton ardisia Assessment Pacific 11 high risk
Ardisia nigrescens Myrsinaceae blossomberry ardisia Assessment U.S. (Florida) -1 accept
Ardisia polysticta Myrsinaceae niu zi guo Assessment Pacific 8 high risk
Ardisia sieboldii Myrsinaceae duo zhi zi jin niu Assessment Pacific 7 high risk

Areca catechu

Arecaceae

betel nut palm

Assessment

Pacific

-4

low risk

Areca ridleyana Arecaceae Assessment U.S. (Florida) 0 accept
Areca triandra Arecaceae Australian areca palm Assessment Pacific 5 evaluate
Areca vestiaria Arecaceae red pinang Assessment Pacific -2 low risk
Arenga pinnata Arecaceae sugar palm Assessment Pacific 7 high risk
Arenga tremula Arecaceae Philippines dwarf sugar palm Assessment Pacific 1 evaluate
Argemone mexicana Papaveraceae Mexican poppy Assessment Australia 18 reject
Argemone mexicana Papaveraceae Mexican poppy Assessment Pacific 22 high risk

Argyreia nervosa

Convolvulaceae

Hawaiian baby woodrose

Assessment

Pacific

1

low risk*

Aristolochia elegans Aristolochiaceae Dutchman's pipe Assessment Australia 13 reject
Aristolochia ringens Aristolochiaceae gaping Dutchman's pipe Assessment Pacific 4 evaluate
Arnebia pulchra Boraginaceae prophet flower Assessment U.S. (Florida) -1 accept
Artabotrys hexapetalus Annonaceae climbing ylang-ylang Assessment Pacific 0 low risk
Arthrostemma ciliatum Melastomataceae pinkfringe Assessment Pacific 7 high risk

Artocarpus altilis

Moraceae

breadfruit

Assessment

Pacific

-12

low risk

Artocarpus heterophyllus

Moraceae

jackfruit

Assessment

Pacific

1

low risk*

Artocarpus heterophyllus Moraceae jackfruit Assessment U.S. (Florida) -1 accept

Artocarpus odoratissimus

Moraceae

marang

Assessment

Pacific

-3

low risk

Artocarpus sericicarpus Moraceae gomihan Assessment Pacific -2 low risk
Arundina graminifolia Orchidaceae bamboo orchid Assessment Pacific 11 high risk
Arundo donax Poaceae arundo Assessment Pacific 12 high risk
Arundo donax Poaceae arundo Assessment U.S. 11 reject
Arundo donax Poaceae arundo Assessment U.S. (Florida) 11 reject
Asarum delavayi Aristolochiaceae Chinese giant wild ginger Assessment U.S. (Florida) 0 accept
Asparagus densiflorus Liliaceae asparagus fern Assessment Australia 3 evaluate
Asparagus densiflorus Liliaceae asparagus fern Assessment Pacific 15 high risk
Asparagus falcatus Liliaceae sicklethorn Assessment Pacific 11 high risk
Asparagus setaceus Liliaceae common asparagus fern Assessment Australia 16 reject
Asparagus setaceus Liliaceae common asparagus fern Assessment Pacific 13 high risk

Aspidistra elatior

Liliaceae

cast iron plant

Assessment

Pacific

-1

low risk

Aspidistra patentiloba Liliaceae Assessment U.S. (Florida) 2 accept*
Aster oharai Asteraceae Assessment U.S. (Florida) -1 accept
Asterogyne martiana Arecaceae capoca Assessment Pacific 1 evaluate
Astronium graveolens Anacardiaceae zebrawood Assessment Pacific -2 low risk
Asystasia gangetica Acanthaceae coromandel Assessment Pacific 12 high risk
Atractocarpus fitzalanii Rubiaceae randia Assessment Pacific 3 high risk*
Attalea cohune Arecaceae cohune palm Assessment Pacific 0 low risk
Averrhoa bilimbi Oxalidaceae cucumber tree Assessment Pacific 1 evaluate

Averrhoa carambola

Oxalidaceae

starfruit

Assessment

Pacific

-1

low risk

Axonopus compressus Poaceae carpetgrass Assessment Australia 12 reject
Axonopus compressus Poaceae carpetgrass Assessment Pacific 15 high risk
Axonopus fissifolius Poaceae carpetgrass Assessment Pacific 16 high risk
Azadirachta indica Meliaceae neem Assessment Pacific 10 high risk
Baccaurea ramiflora Phyllanthaceae Burmese grape Assessment Pacific 0 low risk
Baccharis halimifolia Asteraceae groundsel bush Assessment Australia 19 reject
Bacopa procumbens Plantaginaceae baby jump-up Assessment Pacific 7 high risk
Balaka longirostris Arecacear Mbalaka Assessment Pacific 0 low risk
Bambusa chungii Poaceae emperor's blue bamboo Assessment Pacific -1 low risk
Bambusa glaucophylla Poaceae Malay dwarf bamboo Assessment Pacific -3 low risk
Bambusa lako Poaceae Timor black bamboo Assessment Pacific -1 low risk
Bambusa lako Poaceae Timor black bamboo Assessment U.S. (Florida) 1 evaluate
Bambusa multiplex Poaceae Chinese dwarf bamboo Assessment Pacific 5 evaluate
Bambusa oldhamii Poaceae Oldham's bamboo Assessment Pacific 1 evaluate
Bambusa textilis Poaceae weaver's bamboo Assessment Pacific -3 low risk
Bambusa vulgaris Poaceae bamboo Assessment Pacific 5 low risk*
Banisteriopsis caapi Malpighiaceae caapi Assessment Pacific 0 low risk
Banksia burdettii Proteaceae Burdett's banksia Assessment Pacific -2 low risk
Banksia ericifolia Proteaceae heath banksia Assessment Pacific 9 high risk
Banksia integrifolia Proteaceae coast banksia Assessment Pacific 5 high risk*
Banksia spinulosa Proteaceae hairpin banksia Assessment Pacific 5 high risk*
Barleria lupulina Acanthaceae hophead Phillipine violet Assessment Pacific 10 high risk

Barringtonia asiatica

Lecythidaceae

sea putat

Assessment

Pacific

-8

low risk

Barringtonia edulis Lecythidaceae cut nut Assessment Pacific 0 low risk
Barrya cubensis Malvaceae mountain-pear Assessment Pacific 1 low risk*
Basella alba Basellaceae Malabar spinach Assessment Pacific 8 high risk
Batis maritima Bataceae pickleweed, saltwort Assessment Pacific 9 high risk
Bauhinia binata Fabaceae Assessment Pacific -1 low risk
Bauhinia x blakeana Fabaceae Hong Kong orchid tree

Assessment

Pacific -7 low risk
Bauhinia hookeri Fabaceae white bauhinia Assessment Pacific -4 low risk

Bauhinia monandra

Fabaceae

pink orchid tree

Assessment

Pacific

7

high risk

Bauhinia natalensis Fabaceae Natal bauhinia Assessment U.S. (Florida) 1 accept*
Bauhinia purpurea Fabaceae purple bauhinia Assessment Pacific 7 high risk
Bauhinia purpurea Fabaceae purple bauhinia Assessment U.S. (Florida) 8 reject

Bauhinia tomentosa

Fabaceae

yellow tree bauhinia

Assessment

Pacific

-1

low risk

Bauhinia vahlii Fabaceae Bauhinia climber Assessment Pacific 7 high risk

Bauhinia variegata

Fabaceae

mountain ebony

Assessment

Pacific

9

high risk

Bauhinia variegata Fabaceae mountain ebony Assessment U.S. (Florida) 7 reject
Beaumontia grandiflora Apocynaceae Easter-lily-vine Assessment Pacific -6 low risk

Beaumontia multiflora

Apocynaceae

herald's trumpet

Assessment

Pacific

-4

low risk

Beccariophoenix madagascariensis Arecaceae window palm Assessment Pacific -7 low risk
Beesia calthaefolia Ranunculaceae Assessment U.S. (Florida) 0 accept
Begonia foliosa Begoniaceae Fuchsia begonia Assessment Pacific 9 high risk
Berberis iberica Berberidaceae Iberian barberry Assessment U.S. (Florida) 1 evaluate
Berchemia zeyheri Rhamnaceae pink ivory Assessment Pacific -2 low risk
Besleria laxiflora Gesneriaceae Assessment U.S. (Florida) -3 accept
Beta vulgaris L. ssp. vulgaris convar. saccharifera Chemopodiaceae sugar beet Assessment Pacific -6 low risk
Bidens alba Asteraceae beggar's-tick Assessment Pacific 12 high risk
Bidens pilosa Asteraceae Spanish needle Assessment Pacific 23 high risk
Bidens pilosa Asteraceae Spanish needle Assessment U.S. (Florida) 19 reject
Billbergia pyramidalis Bromeliaceae foolproof plant Assessment U.S. (Florida) -1 accept

Bischofia javanica

Bishofiaceae

bishopwood

Assessment

Pacific

7

high risk

Bismarckia nobilis

Arecaceae

Bismarck palm

Assessment

Pacific

-7

low risk

Bixa orellana Bixaceae lipstick tree Assessment Pacific 1 low risk*
Blechnum appendiculatum Blechnaceae palm fern Assessment Pacific 17 high risk
Blechnum brasiliense Blechnaceae red Brazilian tree fern Assessment U.S. (Florida) 0 accept
Blechnum orientale Blechnaceae oriental blechnum Assessment Pacific -1 low risk
Blutaparon vermiculare Amaranthaceae samphire Assessment Pacific 7  high risk
Bocconia frutescens Papaveraceae plume poppy Assessment Pacific 18 high risk
Boehmeria nivea Urticaceae ramie Assessment Pacific 12 high risk
Boesenbergia rotunda Zingiberaceae Chinese-keys Assessment Pacific 0 low risk
Bolusanthus speciosus Fabaceae wisteria tree Assessment

Pacific

-6

low risk

Bombax ceiba Malvaceae red silk-cotton tree Assessment Pacific 2 low risk*
Bombax ceiba Malvaceae red silk-cotton tree Assessment U.S. (Florida) -4 accept
Borassus aethiopum Arecaceae African fan palm Assessment Pacific -1 low risk
Bothriochloa bladhii Poaceae Caucasian bluestem Assessment Pacific 19 high risk

Bougainvillea glabra

Nyctaginaceae

paperflower

Assessment

Pacific

-1

low risk

Bouteloua aristidoides Poaceae needle grama Assessment Pacific 9 high risk
Brachiaria brizantha x Brachiaria ruziziensis Poaceae cv. Mulato Assessment Pacific 2 low risk*
Brachychiton acerifolius Sterculiaceae Illawarra flame tree Assessment

Pacific

-5

low risk

Brachychiton populneus Sterculiaceae bottletree Assessment Pacific 6 evaluate
Bracteantha bracteata Asteraceae strawflower Assessment U.S. (Florida) 2 accept*

Brahea armata

Arecaceae

blue hesper palm

Assessment

Pacific

3

low risk*

Brassica juncea Brassicaceae canola Assessment Pacific 15 rish risk
Brassica napus Brassicaceae rapeseed, turnip Assessment Pacific 16 high risk

Brexia madagascariensis

Grossulariaceae

brexia

Assessment

Pacific

-6

low risk

Breynia disticha Euphorbiaceae snowbush Assessment Pacific -5 low risk
Bridelia insulana Phyllanthaceae Prickly Bridelia Assessment Pacific 1 evaluate
Brillantaisia lamium Acanthaceae Assessment Australia 16 reject
Broussonetia papyrifera Moraceae paper mulberry Assessment Pacific 3 low risk**
Brownea coccinea Fabaceae mountain rose Assessment Pacific -5 low risk
Brownea macrophylla Fabaceae Panama flame Assessment Pacific -8 low risk
Brugmansia candida

Solanaceae

angel's trumpet

Assessment

Pacific 2 low risk*
Brugmansia candida Solanaceae angel's trumpet Assessment U.S. (Florida) 2 evaluate
Brunfelsia americana Solanaceae lady of the evening Assessment Pacific -3 low risk
Brunfelsia australis Solanaceae yesterday-today-and-tomorrow Assessment Pacific -3 low risk
Brunfelsia densifolia Solanaceae serpentine hill raintree Assessment Pacific -4 low risk
Brunfelsia latifolia Solanaceae kiss me quick Assessment Pacific -3 low risk

Buchloe dactyloides

Poaceae

buffalo grass

Assessment

Pacific

4.5

low risk*

Bucida buceras Combretaceae black olive

Assessment

Pacific

-3

low risk

Bucida molinetii

Combretaceae

spiny black olive

Assessment

Pacific

-3

low risk

Buddleja asiatica Buddlejaceae Asian butterfly bush Assessment Pacific 9 high risk
Buddleja davidii Buddlejaceae butterfly bush Assessment Australia -4 accept
Buddleja davidii Buddlejaceae butterfly bush Assessment Pacific 13 high risk
Buddleja madagascariensis Buddlejaceae butterfly bush Assessment Pacific 21 high risk
Buddleja marrubiifolia Buddlejaceae woolly butterfly bush Assessment Pacific -3 low risk
Buddleja officinalis Buddlejaceae butterfly bush Assessment U.S. (Florida) 1 accept*
Buddleja saligna Buddlejaceae false olive Assessment Pacific 2 low risk*
Bunchosia argentea Malpighiaceae peanut butter fruit Assessment Pacific -3 low risk
Butia capitata Arecaceae jelly palm Assessment Pacific 0 low risk
Buxus sempervirens Buxaceae common box Assessment Pacific 7.5 high risk
Byrsonima crassifolia Malpighiaceae golden spoon Assessment Pacific 5 evaluate
Cabomba caroliniana Cabombaceae fanwort Assessment Australia 18 reject

Caesalpinia bonduc

Fabaceae

nickerbean

Assessment

Pacific

12

high risk**

Caesalpinia crista Fabaceae gray nicker Assessment Pacific 7 high risk
Caesalpinia decapetala Fabaceae Mysore thorn Assessment Pacific 20 high risk
Caesalpinia ferrea Fabaceae Brazilian ironwood Assessment Pacific -3 low risk
Caesalpinia latisiliqua Fabaceae   Assessment Pacific 5 evaluate

Caesalpinia major

Fabaceae

yellow nicker

Assessment

Pacific

10

high risk**

Caesalpinia pulcherrima

Fabaceae

dwarf poinciana

Assessment

Pacific

5

low risk*

Cajanus cajan

Fabaceae

pigeon pea

Assessment

Pacific

0

low risk

Calamus caesius Aracaceae sega rattan Assessment Pacific 3 evaluate
Calathea majestica Marantaceae Assessment Pacific -1 low risk
Callaeum macropterum Malphigiaceae yellow butterfly vine Assessment Pacific 6 evaluate

Calliandra calothyrsus

Fabaceae

calliandra

Assessment

Pacific

11

high risk

Calliandra haematocephala Fabaceae red powder puff Assessment Pacific 2 low risk*
Calliandra haematocephala Fabaceae red powder puff Assessment U.S. (Florida) 1 accept*

Calliandra surinamensis

Fabaceae

pink powderpuff

Assessment

Pacific

-4

low risk

Calicarpa japonica Verbenaceae Japanese beautyberry Assessment Pacific 5 evaluate
Callistemon citrinus Myrtaceae crimson bottlebrush

Assessment

Pacific

0

low risk

Callistemon citrinus Myrtaceae crimson bottlebrush Assessment U.S. (Florida) -1 accept
Callistemon rigidus Myrtaceae stiff bottlebrush

Assessment

Pacific 1 low risk*
Callistemon viminalis Myrtaceae weeping bottlebrush Assessment

Pacific

3

low risk*

Callistephus chinensis Asteraceae China aster Assessment U.S. (Florida) 2 accept*
Callitris columellaris Cupressaceae white cypress-pine Assessment Pacific 9 high risk
Callitris endlicheri Cupressaceae black cypress-pine Assessment Pacific 10 high risk
Calodendrum capense Rutaceae Cape-chestnut Assessment Pacific -1 low risk
Calophyllum inophyllum Clusiaceae kamani Assessment

Pacific

6

evaluate**

Calopogonium mucunoides Fabaceae calopo Assessment Australia 10 reject
Calopogonium mucunoides Fabaceae calopo Assessment Pacific 6 low risk*
Calotropis gigantea Asclepiadaceae crownplant Assessment Pacific 15 high risk
Calotropis procera Asclepiadaceae calotrope Assessment Australia 8 reject
Calotropis procera Asclepiadaceae small crownflower Assessment Pacific 15 high risk
Camelina sativa Brassicaceae false flax Assessment Pacific 9.5 high risk
Camellia sinensis Theaceae tea Assessment Pacific -4 low risk

Cananga odorata

Annonaceae

perfume tree

Assessment

Pacific

3

low risk*

Canarium album Burseraceae chinese olive Assessment Pacific 3 evaluate
Canarium indicum Burseraceae canarium-nut Assessment Pacific -1 low risk
Canavalia ensiformis Fabaceae horsebean Assessment Pacific 6 low risk*
Canna indica Cannaceae African arrowroot Assessment Pacific 17 high risk
Cannabis sativa Cannabaceae marijuana Assessment Pacific 8.5 high risk
Caperonia palustris Euphorbiaceae Texas weed Assessment U.S. (Florida) 5 evaluate
Capsicum annuum Solanaceae bird pepper Assessment Pacific 1 low risk*

Capsicum frutescens

Solanaceae

wild pepper

Assessment

Pacific

5

low risk*

Carallia brachiata Rhizophoraceae corkwood Assessment Pacific 3 evaluate
Cardiospermum grandiflorum Sapindaceae showy baloonvine Assessment Pacific 18 high risk
Cardiospermum halicacabum Sapindaceae balloon vine Assessment Pacific 12 high risk
Carex ciliatomarginata Cyperaceae   Assessment U.S. (Florida) 4 accept*
Carex muskingumensis Cyperaceae Muskingum sedge Assessment Pacific 8 high risk

Carica papaya

Caricaceae

papaya

Assessment

Pacific

2

low risk*

Carica pentagona Caricaceae babaco Assessment Pacific -10 low risk
Carissa bispinosa Apocynaceae hedgethorn Assessment U.S. (Florida) 0 accept

Carissa grandiflora

Apocynaceae

Natal plum

Assessment

Pacific

-1

low risk

Carludovica palmata Cyclanthaceae Panama hat plant Assessment Pacific 7 high risk
Carmona retusa Boraginaceae Fukien tea Assessment Pacific 4 evaluate
Carpentaria acuminata Arecaceae Carpentaria palm Assessment Pacific -5 low risk
Carpobrotus edulis Aizoaceae ice plant Assessment Pacific 9.5 high risk
Caryota mitis Arecaceae fishtail palm Assessment Pacific 1 evaluate
Caryota urens Arecaceae toddy palm Assessment Pacific 5 evaluate
Casimiroa edulis Rutaceae white sapote Assessment Pacific 2 low risk*
Cassia bakeriana Fabaceae pink shower tree Assessment

Pacific

-2

low risk

Cassia fistula Fabaceae golden shower tree Assessment Pacific 3 low risk*

Cassia grandis

Fabaceae

pink shower tree

Assessment

Pacific

-5

low risk

Cassia javanica

Fabaceae

pink shower tree

Assessment

Pacific

-1

low risk

Cassia x nealiae

Fabaceae

rainbow shower tree

Assessment

Pacific

-8

low risk

Cassia roxburghii Fabaceae red cassia Assessment Pacific -4 low risk
Castilla elastica Moraceae Panama rubber tree Assessment Pacific 9 high risk
Casuarina cunninghamiana Casuarinaceae cunninghamia beefwood Assessment Pacific 12 high risk
Casuarina equisetifolia Casuarinaceae ironwood Assessment Pacific 21 high risk
Casuarina glauca Casuarinaceae gray sheoak Assessment Pacific 20 high risk
Catalpa longissima Bignoniaceae Jamaica oak

Assessment

Pacific

2

low risk*

Catharanthus roseus Apocynaceae Madagascar periwinkle Assessment Pacific 12 high risk
Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps' Rhamnaceae California lilac Assessment Pacific -4 low risk
Cecropia obtusifolia Cecropiaceae trumpet tree Assessment Pacific 10 high risk
Cecropia peltata Cecropiaceae trumpet tree Assessment Pacific 9 high risk
Cedrela odorata Meliaceae Spanish cedar Assessment Pacific 2 evaluate
Cedrus deodara Pinaceae Deodar cedar Assessment Pacific 0 low risk
Ceiba pentandra Bombacaceae kopok tree Assessment Pacific 2 low risk*
Cenchrus ciliaris Poaceae buffelgrass Assessment Australia 7 reject
Cenchrus echinatus Poaceae burgrass Assessment Australia 11 reject
Centaurea melitensis Asteraceae yellow star thistle Assessment Pacific 18 high risk
Centella asiatica Apiaceae Asiatic pennywort Assessment Pacific 7 high risk
Centranthus ruber Valerianaceae red valerian Assessment Pacific 10 high risk
Centratherum punctatum Asteraceae lark daily Assessment Pacific 8 high risk
Centrosema molle Fabaceae centro Assessment Pacific 11 high risk
Cerastium purpurascens Caryophyllaceae Assessment U.S. (Florida) 2 accept*

Ceratonia siliqua

Fabaceae

carob tree

Assessment

Pacific

0

low risk

Ceratonia siliqua Fabaceae carob tree Assessment U.S. (Florida) 1 accept*
Cerbera manghas Apocynaceae pink-eyed cerbera

Assessment

Pacific 1 low risk*
Ceroxylon alpinum Arecaceae wax palm Assessment Pacific -4 low risk
Cestrum aurantiacum Solanaceae orange cestrum Assessment Pacific 15 high risk
Cestrum elegans Solanaceae crimson cestrum Assessment Pacific 18 high risk
Cestrum nocturnum Solanaceae night-blooming jasmine Assessment Pacific 17 high risk
Cestrum parqui Solanaceae green cestrum Assessment Australia 11 reject

Chamaecrista nictitans

Fabaceae

partridge pea

Assessment

Pacific

0

low risk

Chamaedorea elegans Arecaceae parlor palm Assessment Pacific 0 low risk
Chamaedorea metallica Arecaceae metallic plam Assessment Pacific -2 low risk
Chamaedorea seifrizii Arecaceae reed palm Assessment Pacific 6 evaluate
Chamaesyce albomarginata Euphorbiaceae rattle snake weed Assessment Pacific 3 low risk*
Chambeyronia macrocarpa Arecaceae Flame Thrower Palm Assessment Pacific -1 low risk

Chamelaucium uncinatum

Asteraceae

Geraldton wax

Assessment

Pacific

-2.5

low risk

Chasmanthium latifolium Poaceae northern sea oats Assessment Pacific 8.5 high risk
Cheilocostus speciosus Costaceae crepe-ginger Assessment Pacific 11 high risk
Chenopodium carinatum Chenopodiaceae Tasmanian goosefoot Assessment Pacific 9 high risk
Chenopodium quinoa Chenopodiaceae quinoa Assessment Pacific 5 evaluate
Chione sylvicola Rubiaceae Assessment U.S. (Florida) -2 accept
Chloranthus sessilifolius Chloranthaceae Assessment U.S. (Florida) 1 accept*
Chloris barbata Poaceae swollen fingergrass Assessment Australia 13 reject
Chloris gayana Poaceae Rhodes grass Assessment Australia 6 reject
Chlorocardium rodiei Lauraceae greenheart tree Assessment Pacific -1 low risk
Chlorophytum comosum Liliaceae spiderplant Assessment Pacific 8 high risk
Chlorophytum saundersiae Anthericaceae Assessment U.S. (Florida) 0 accept
Chloroxylon swietenia Rutaceae East Indian satinwood Assessment Pacific -3 low risk

Chorisia speciosa

Bombacaceae

floss-silk tree

Assessment

Pacific

-7

low risk

Chorisia speciosa Bombacaceae floss-silk tree Assessment U.S. (Florida) -5 accept
Chromolaena odorata Asteraceae chromolaena Assessment Pacific 34 high risk
Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium Asteraceae pyretrum Assessment Pacific 3 evaluate
Chrysobalanus icaco Chrysobalanaceae coco plum Assessment Pacific 12 high risk
Chrysophyllum oliviforme Sapotaceae satin leaf Assessment Pacific 7 high risk
Chrysophyllum venezuelanense Sapotaceae Assessment U.S. (Florida) -5 accept
Chrysopogon zizanioides (fertile) Poaceae vetiver grass wild type Assessment Pacific 9 high risk
Chrysopogon zizanioides  'Sunshine' Poaceae vetiver grass 'Sunshine' Assessment Pacific -8 low risk
Chrysosplenium valdivicum Saxifragaceae Assessment U.S. (Florida) -1 accept
Chrysothemis pulchella Gesneriaceae copper leaf Assessment Pacific 3 low risk*
Cicerbita prenanthoides Asteraceae Assessment U.S. (Florida) -3 accept
Cimicifuga brachycarpa Ranunculaceae Assessment U.S. (Florida) -2 accept
Cinchona pubescens Rubiaceae quinine tree Assessment Pacific 9 high risk

Cinnamomum aromaticum

Lauraceae

chinese cinnamon

Assessment

Pacific

-3

low risk

Cinnamomum bermannii Lauraceae Padang cassia Assessment Pacific 12 high risk
Cinnamomum camphora Lauraceae camphor tree Assessment Pacific 7.5 high risk
Cinnamomum verum Lauraceae cinnamon tree Assessment Pacific 10 high risk
Cirsium vulgare Asteraceae spear thistile Assessment Australia 21 reject
Cirsium vulgare Asteraceae bull thistle Assessment Pacific 18.5 high risk

Cissus discolor

Vitaceae

rex begonia vine

Assessment

Pacific

1

evaluate

Cissus nodosa Vitaceae Javanese treebine Assessment Pacific 8 high risk
Cissus quadrangularis Vitaceae veldt-grape Assessment Pacific 12 high risk
Cissus repens Vitaceae cissus Assessment Pacific 7 high risk
Cissus rotundifolia Vitaceae Venezuelan treebine Assessment Pacific 9 high risk
Cisus verticillata Vitaceae princess vine Assessment Pacific 12 high risk
Citharexylum spinosum Verbenaceae fiddlewood Assessment Pacific 7 high risk

Citrus aurantiifolia

Rutaceae

lime

Assessment

Pacific

2

low risk*

Citrus Citrofortunella mitis

Rutaceae

calamondin

Assessment

Pacific

0

low risk

Citrus limon

Rutaceae

lemon

Assessment

Pacific

-3

low risk

Citrus maxima

Rutaceae

pummelo

Assessment

Pacific

0

low risk

Citrus x paradisi

Rutaceae

grapefruit

Assessment

Pacific

-8

low risk

Citrus reticulata

Rutaceae

Mandarin orange

Assessment

Pacific

-5

low risk

Citrus sinensis Rutaceae sweet orange Assessment Pacific -2 low risk
Cladochaeta candidissima Asteraceae   Assessment U.S. (Florida) 1 accept*
Clausena lansium Rutaceae Chinese clausena Assessment Pacific 0 low risk
Cleistocactus baumannii Cactaceae firecracker cactus Assessment Pacific -4 low risk
Clematis hexapetala Ranunculaceae   Assessment U.S. (Florida) 4 accept*

Clerodendrum buchananii

Verbenaceae

red clerodendrum

Assessment

Pacific

7

high risk

Clerodendrum chinense Verbenaceae Chinese glory bower Assessment Pacific 18 high risk
Clerodendrum glabrum Verbenaceae Natal glorybower Assessment Pacific -1 low risk
Clerodendrum incisum Verbenaceae morning kiss Assessment Pacific 1 evaluate
Clerodendrum inerme Verbenaceae seaside clerodendrum Assessment Pacific 1 evaluate**
Clerodendrum macrostegium Verbenaceae velvetleaf glorybower Assessment Pacific 8 high risk
Clerodendrum paniculatum Verbenaceae pagoda flower Assessment Australia 9 reject
Clerodendrum paniculatum Verbenaceae pagoda flower Assessment Pacific 5 evaluate
Clerodendrum quadriloculare Verbenaceae bronze-leaved clerodendrum Assessment Pacific 11 high risk
Clerodendrum wallichii Verbenaceae chui mo li Assessment Pacific 3 evaluate
Clidemia hirta Melastomataceae Koster's curse Assessment Pacific 27 high risk
Clitoria ternatea Fabaceae butterfly pea Assessment Australia 7 reject

Clitoria ternatea

Fabaceae

butterfly pea

Assessment

Pacific

9

high risk

Clusia rosea Clusiaceae autograph tree Assessment Pacific 9 high risk
Cnidoscolus acontifolius Euphorbiaceae tree spinach Assessment Pacific 10 high risk
Cnidoscolus chayamansa Euphorbiaceae tree spinach Assessment Pacific 1 low risk*
Coccinia grandis Cucurbitaceae ivy gourd Assessment Australia 9 reject
Coccinia grandis Cucurbitaceae ivy gourd Assessment Pacific 21 high risk

Coccoloba uvifera

Polygonaceae

sea grape

Assessment

Pacific

-5

low risk

Coccothrinax barbadensis Aracaceae Puerto Rico silver palm Assessment Pacific 2 evaluate
Cocculus laurifolius Menispermaceae cocculus Assessment U.S. (Florida) 0 accept

Cochlospermum vitifolium

Bixaceae

buttercup tree

Assessment

Pacific

-4

low risk

Cocos nucifera Arecaceae coconut palm Assessment Pacific -4 low risk

Codiaeum variegatum

Euphorbiaceae

croton

Assessment

Pacific

-4

low risk

Coffea arabica Rubiaceae coffee tree Assessment Pacific 2 high risk*
Coffea liberica Rubiaceae Liberian coffee tree Assessment Pacific 1 evaluate
Coix lacryma-jobi Poaceae Job's tears Assessment Australia 4 more information
Colocasia heterochroma Araceae Assessment U.S. (Florida) 3 accept*
Colpothrinax wrightii Arecaceae barrel palm Assessment Pacific -2 low risk
Colubrina asiatica Rhamnaceae Asiatic colubrina Assessment U.S. (Florida) 19 reject**
Colvillea racemosa Fabaceae Colville's glory Assessment

Pacific

-8

low risk

Combretum bracteosum Combretaceae hiccup nut Assessment U.S. (Florida) 4 accept*
Combretum constrictum Combretaceae combretum Assessment Pacific 4 low risk*
Combretum ovalifolium Combretaceae   Assessment U.S. (Florida) 2 evaluate
Commelina benghalensis Commelinaceae tropical spiderwort Assessment U.S. (Florida) 17 reject
Commelina communis Commelinaceae Asiatic daisy Assessment Pacific 21 high risk
Commelina diffusa Commelinaceae spreading dayflower Assessment Pacific 23 high risk
Congea tomentosa Verbenaceae shower of orchids Assessment Pacific 1 low risk*
Conocarpus erectus Combretaceae buttonwood Assessment Pacific 3 low risk*
Copaifera langsdorffii Fabaceae diesel tree Assessment Pacific 4 evaluate
Copernicia prunifera Arecaceae carnauba wax palm Assessment Pacific 0 low risk
Coprosma repens Rubiaceae creeping mirrorplant Assessment Pacific 8 high risk
Cordia alliodora Boraginaceae Spanish elm Assessment Pacific 8 high risk
Cordia lutea Boraginaceae yellow geiger Assessment Pacific -6 low risk
Cordia monoica Boraginaceae snot berry Assessment Pacific 4 evaluate

Cordia sebestena

Boraginaceae

geiger tree

Assessment

Pacific

-1

low risk

Cordia subcordata

Boraginaceae

kou

Assessment

Pacific

-3

low risk

Cortaderia jubata Poaceae purple pampas grass Assessment Australia 22 reject
Cortaderia jubata Poaceae Andean pampas grass Assessment Pacific 26 high risk
Cortaderia selloana Poaceae silver pampas grass Assessment Australia 24 reject
Cortaderia selloana Poaceae pampas grass Assessment Pacific 24 high risk
Corymbia citriodora Myrtaceae lemon-scented gum Assessment Pacific 10 high risk

Corymbia ficifolia

Myrtaceae

red-flowering gum

Assessment

Pacific

-7

low risk

Corynocarpus laevigatus Corynocarpaceae karaka nut Assessment Pacific 7 high risk
Costus dubius Costaceae costus Assessment Pacific 8 high risk
Costus woodsonii Costaceae Indian-head ginger Assessment Pacific 11 high risk
Cotinus coggygria Anacardiaceae smoketree Assessment Pacific 4 evaluate
Cotoneaster pannosus Rosaceae silver-leaf cotoneaster Assessment Australia 5 evaluate
Cotoneaster pannosus Rosaceae silver-leaf cotoneaster Assessment Pacific 7 high risk
Cotoneaster submultiflorus Rosaceae many-flowered cotoneaster Assessment U.S. (Florida) 2 evaluate
Crassula multicava Crassulaceae fairy crassula Assessment Pacific 12 high risk
Crassula ovata Crassulaceae jade plant Assessment

Pacific

-4 low risk
Crateva religiosa Capparaceae spider tree Assessment Pacific 0 low risk
Cratoxylum formosum Hypericaceae pink mempat Assessment

Pacific

1 evaluate

Crescentia cujete

Bignoniaceae

calabash tree

Assessment

Pacific

-8

low risk

Crinum asiaticum Liliaceae crinum Assessment Pacific -4 low risk
Crossandra infundibuliformis Acanthaceae firecracker plant Assessment Pacific 2 low risk*
Crotalaria juncea Fabaceae Indian hemp Assessment Pacific 1 evaluate
Crotalaria retusa Fabaceae wedge-leaf crotalaria Assessment Australia 5 evaluate
Crotalaria spectabilis Fabaceae showy crotalaria Assessment Australia 9 reject
Crotalaria trichotoma Fabaceae curara-pea Assessment Australia 4 more information

Cryptomeria japonica

Taxodiaceae

Japanese cedar

Assessment

Pacific

-3

low risk

Cryptostegia grandiflora Asclepiadaceae rubbervine Assessment Australia 16 reject
Cryptostegia grandiflora Asclepiadaceae rubbervine Assessment Pacific 28 high risk

Cryptostegia madagascariensis

Asclepiadaceae

Madagascar rubber vine

Assessment

Pacific

13

high risk

Cubanola domingensis Rubiaceae Dominica bell flower Assessment Pacific -4 low risk
Cupania cinerea Sapindaceae Assessment U.S. (Florida) 1 evaluate
Cupaniopsis anacardioides Sapindaceae carrotwood Assessment Pacific 9 high risk
Cupaniopsis anacardioides Sapindaceae carrotwood Assessment U.S. (Florida) 3 reject*

Cuphea hyssopifolia

Lythraceae

false heather

Assessment

Pacific

5

low risk*

Cuphea ignea

Lythraceae

Mexican cigar plant

Assessment

Pacific

3

low risk*

Cuphea subuligera Lythraceae mauve cuphea Assessment Pacific 1 low risk*
Cupressus arizonica Cupressaceae Arizona cypress Assessment Pacific 15 high risk
Cupressus x leylandii Cupressaceae Leyland cypress Assessment Pacific -7 low risk
Cupressus lusitanica Cupressaceae Mexican cypress Assessment Pacific 6 low risk*
Cupressus macrocarpa Cupressaceae Monterey cypress Assessment Pacific 7 high risk
Cupressus sempervirens Cupressaceae Italian cypress Assessment Pacific 9 high risk

Curcuma longa

Zingiberaceae

tumeric

Assessment

Pacific

-8

low risk

Curcuma zedoaria Zingiberaceae rose tumeric Assessment Pacific -3 low risk
Cuscuta campestris Cuscutaceae golden dodder Assessment Australia 22 reject

Cussonia paniculata

Araliaceae

mountain cabbage tree

Assessment

Pacific

-7

low risk

Cussonia spicata

Araliaceae

cabbage tree

Assessment

Pacific

-5

low risk

Cyamopsis tetragonoloba Fabaceae cluster bean Assessment Pacific -11 low risk
Cyanotis cristata Commelinaceae Assessment U.S. (Florida) 5 evaluate
Cyathea australis Cyatheaceae rough tree fern Assessment Pacific 5 evaluate

Cyathea cooperi

Cyatheaceae

Australian tree fern

Assessment

Pacific

8

high risk

Cyathea medullaris Cyatheaceae black tree fern Assessment Pacific 7 high risk

Cycas revoluta

Cycadaceae

king sago

Assessment

Pacific

-2

low risk

Cyclanthera pedata Cucurbitaceae wild cucumber Assessment

U.S. (Florida)

1 evaluate
Cymbopogon citratus Poaceae lemongrass Assessment Pacific -2 low risk
Cynodon dactylon Poaceae Bermuda grass Assessment Pacific 22 high risk
Cyperus esculentus Cyperaceae yellow nutsedge Assessment U.S. (Florida) 19 reject

Cyperus involucratus

Cyperaceae

umbrella sedge

Assessment

Pacific

17

high risk

Cyperus pilosus Cyperaceae fuzzy flatsedge Assessment U.S. (Florida) 7 reject
Cyperus rotundus Cyperaceae purple nutsedge Assessment Australia 13 reject
Cyrtostachys renda Arecaceae sealing wax palm Assessment Pacific 1 evaluate
Dacryodes edulis Burseraceae bush buttertree Assessment Pacific -3 low risk
Dactylis glomerata Poaceae barnyard grass Assessment Australia 2 evaluate
Dactyloctenium aegyptium Poaceae beach wiregrass Assessment Australia 11 reject
Dalbergia latifolia Fabaceae black rosewood Assessment Pacific 5 evaluate

Dalbergia retusa

Fabaceae

Nicaragua rosewood

Assessment

Pacific

0

low risk

Dalbergia sissoo Fabaceae Indian rosewood Assessment Australia 21 reject
Dalbergia sissoo Fabaceae Indian rosewood Assessment Pacific 13 high risk
Dasylirion acrotrichum Nolinaceae green desert spoon Assessment Pacific 0 low risk
Dasylirion quadrangulatum Nolinaceae Mexican grass tree Assessment Pacific -4 low risk
Datura ferox Solanaceae fierce thorn-apple Assessment Australia 21 reject
Datura inoxia Solanaceae sacred datura Assessment Australia 21 reject
Datura metel Solanaceae jimson-weed Assessment Australia 21 reject
Datura stramonium Solanaceae jimson-weed Assessment Australia 5 evaluate
Davallia fejeensis Davalliaceae lacy hare's-foot fern Assessment Pacific 6 low risk*
Delairea odorata Asteraceae German ivy Assessment Pacific 14 high risk
Delonix decaryi Fabaceae Assessment U.S. (Florida) 1 accept*
Delonix regia Fabaceae flame tree Assessment Pacific -1 low risk
Delonix velutina Fabaceae   Assessment Pacific -6 low risk
Dendrocalamus asper Poaceae rough giant bamboo Assessment Pacific -3 low risk
Deplanchea tetraphylla Bignoniaceae golden boquet tree Assessment Pacific -2 low risk
Derris elliptica Fabaceae tubaroot Assessment Pacific 7 high risk
Desmanthus virgatus Fabaceae virgate mimosa Assessment Australia 9 reject

Desmanthus virgatus

Fabaceae

slender mimosa

Assessment

Pacific

12

high risk

Desmodium heterophyllum Fabaceae hetero Assessment Australia 3 evaluate
Desmodium incanum Fabaceae kaimi clover Assessment Australia 9