Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Yucca aloifolia
L., Asparagaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Common name(s): [more details]

English: aloe yucca, daggerplant, Spanish bayonet, Spanish dagger, yucca

French: bayonnette

Spanish: yuca

Habit:  shrub

Description:  "Simple plants 1-2 m tall to branched colonies 10 m tall. Leaves numerous in tight spirals, narrowly linear, 35-60 cm long, 2.5-3.5 cm wide, the apical spine terete, 1 cm long, black, the margins entire to denticulate. Inflorescence terminal, paniculate, 20-70 cm long. Flowers with tepals white, fleshy, 4-6 cm long. Fruit...reported to be oblong, 5-9 cm long, 2.5-4.0 cm in diameter, without a papery core but with purple pulp; seeds black" (Howard, 1979; pp. 502-504).

Habitat/ecology:  In New Caledonia, "cultivé à Koé en 1883. Aujourd'hui peu planté mais parfois naturalisé, notamment à Nouméa et à Pouembout" (MacKee, 1994; p. 94).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Mexico, Central America, Florida (US), Greater and Lesser Antilles (Howard, 1979; pp. 502-504).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
invasive
cultivated
Atkinson, Rachel/Sawyer, John (2011)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
cultivated
Danton, Philippe/Perrier, Christophe/Martinez Reyes, Guido (2006) (pp. 502, 548, 558)
"En RC, esta especie fue plantada hace poco en un jardin del pueblo de San Juan Bautista.  Su reciente introducción no permite hacerse una idea de su comportamiento en el futuro".
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
‘Atiu Island cultivated
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Yucca gloriosa
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Mangaia Island cultivated
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Yucca gloriosa
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Ma‘uke Island cultivated
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Yucca gloriosa
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island cultivated
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Yucca gloriosa
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
San Cristóbal Group
San Cristóbal Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Collected in survey, herbarium record pending.
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Santa Cruz Group
Santa Cruz Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Mangareva (Gambier) Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Cultivée
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island   Fosberg, F. R. (1997) (p. 67)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Cultivée
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
invasive
Tassin, Jacques (2005)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
invasive
cultivated
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 94)
Vouchers cited: Däniker 2835, MacKee 1988, MacKee 42623, MacKee 42680
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île des Pins (Isle of Pines) introduced
invasive
Tassin, Jacques (2005)
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands introduced
cultivated
Merrill, Elmer D. (1925) (p. 204)
Planted here and there for ornamental purposes, but not naturalized.
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Western Samoa Islands   Swarbrick, John T. (1997) (p. 98)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
New South Wales introduced
cultivated
Csurhes, S./Edwards, R. (1998) (p. 133)
Australia
Australia (continental)
Queensland introduced
cultivated
Csurhes, S./Edwards, R. (1998) (p. 133)
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) introduced
cultivated
Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. (2009) (p. 91)
Cultivated only
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
United States (other states) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)


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This page was created on 1 JAN 1999 and was last updated on 27 OCT 2006.