Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Vitex agnus-castus
L., Lamiaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  High risk, score: 9 (Go to the risk assessment)

Common name(s): [more details]

English: chasteberry, chastetree, lilac chastetree

French: arbre chaste, Gattilier

Habit:  shrub

Description:  "Erect shrub, 1-2 m high, sometimes up to 4 m high, whitish-tomentose, with obtusely quadrangular branches. Leaves palmately 5-7-foliolate, 2 extreme leaflets (especially in 7-foliolate leaves) much shorter and smaller than the others; leaflets usually lanceolate, (2-) 5-10 (-12) cm long, (4-) 10-15 (-20) mm broad, whitish-tomentose underneath, ± acuminate, subsessile to petiolulate, usually entire. Terminal inflorescence 10-20 cm long, subcylindrical, interrupted; cymes forming verticillaster, ± compact, sessile or subsessile, each usually 8-13 mm long. Flowers lilac or deep violet, c. 4 mm across. Calyx 3 mm long, 2 mm broad, campanulate, truncate, triangulate to obscurely toothed, persistent. Corolla 7-10 mm long, exceeding the calyx; lower lobes glabrous to slightly pubescent at the base. Drupe globose, 2-2.5 mm in diameter, exserted half-way above the slightly enlarged and expanded, persistent calyx, glabrous, 4-celled, with usually 1 seed in each cell"  (Flora of Pakistan online).

Habitat/ecology:  (no habitat/ecology info known by PIER)

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Northern Africa, Europe, western Asia; naturalized elsewhere (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island   Bishop Museum (U.S.A. Hawaii. Honolulu.) (1990) (voucher ID: BISH 595117)
Taxon name on voucher: Vitex agnus-castus L.
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island   Bishop Museum (U.S.A. Hawaii. Honolulu.) (1984) (voucher ID: BISH 488322)
Taxon name on voucher: Vitex agnus-castus L.
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
China
China
Hong Kong introduced
cultivated
Wu, Te-lin (2001) (p. 232)
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (Oregon) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (California) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
United States (other states) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
USA (Florida) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 1 JUN 2011 and was last updated on 18 MAR 2012.