Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Vachellia campeachiana
(Mill.) Seigler & Ebinger, Fabaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  High risk, score: 10 (Go to the risk assessment)

Other Latin names:  Acacia cochliacantha Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.; Acacia cymbispina Sprague & L. Riley; Mimosa campeachiana Mill.

Common name(s): [more details]

English: boat-spine acacia

Spanish: chirahui, chirajo, guinolo, sinalá

Habit:  shrub/tree

Description:  "Vase-shaped shrubs or small trees, 5-6 (8) m, with many straight branches; twigs with numerous, small lenticelsBark dark brown, relatively smooth.  Herbage glabrate; new herbage with sparse, short, white hairs.  Spines stipular, often 1-5 cm, paired, at first red-brown and flexible, becoming whitish and firm, dorso-ventrally flattened, the larger ones boat shaped (unique among the flora of north-western Mexico).  Foliage gradually drought deciduous, leafing out with summer rains; leaves 5-15 (21) cm; petioles with a raised nectary gland; pinnae 7-25 pairs; leaflets 1.5-3.5 mm and numerous.  Flowers yellow-orange, in rounded heads.  Pods 7.5-17 cm x 8-11 mm, dark red-brown, thick and moderately compressed, straight to slightly curved, indehiscent with pulpy mesocarp"  (Felger et al., 2001; p. 159).

Habitat/ecology:  In its native habitat in Mexico:  "Slopes, valleys, plains, arroyos, and disturbed habitats; thornscrub, tropical deciduous forest, margins of Sonoran desertscrub, and /occasionally in grassland.  [N]ear sea level - 975 (1700) m (3200 [5575] ft.). This species quickly colonizes abandoned milpas and other disturbed areas including bufflegrass pastures in tropical deciduous forest, often forming impenetrable spiny thickets"  (Felger et al., 2001; p. 159).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Mexico (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island   Bishop Museum (U.S.A. Hawaii. Honolulu.) (1950) (voucher ID: BISH 448949)
Taxon name on voucher: Acacia cochliacantha Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 2 JUN 2017 and was last updated on 2 JUN 2017.