Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

  [   PIER species lists  ]   [   PIER home  ]

Urochloa humidicola
(Rendle) Morrone & Zuloaga, Poaceae
Click on an image for links to BIGGER PICTURES


Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  More information needed, score: 0 (Go to the risk assessment)

Other Latin names:  Brachiaria humidicola (Rendle) Schweickerdt

Common name(s): [more details]

English: creeping signal grass, koronivia grass

Habit:  grass

Description:  "Perennial, creeping, giving rise to a number of stolons with culms arising at intervals, these usually geniculately ascending, often rooting at nods, 45-90 cm high; leaf blades 6-15 cm long, 5-8 mm broad, glabrous; racemes 2-4, rarely more, 3.5-5 cm long, the rachis more or less flat; spikelets 3-4 mm long, elliptic to broadly elliptic; lemma of upper floret with an inconspicuous apiculus, usually pure white when mature" (Smith, 1979; p. 338).

"Habit: Perennial. Stolons present. Culms geniculately ascending, or decumbent; 40-100 cm long; without nodal roots, or rooting from lower nodes. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades linear, or lanceolate; 4-20 cm long; 3-10 mm wide. Inflorescence: Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 2-3(-4); borne along a central axis; unilateral; 2-7 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 2-13 cm long. Rhachis wingless, or narrowly winged; angular. Spikelet packing adaxial; regular; 2-rowed. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile. Fertile spikelets: Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; subacute; 4-6 mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes elongated between glumes. Glumes: Glumes similar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume oblong; 0.75-1 times length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 11-veined. Lower glume surface glabrous, or pubescent. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume oblong; 1 times length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5-9-veined. Upper glume lateral veins with cross-veins. Upper glume surface glabrous, or pubescent. Upper glume apex obtuse. Florets: Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; oblong; 1 times length of spikelet; membranous; 5-veined; with cross-veins; glabrous, or pubescent; obtuse. Fertile lemma elliptic; 3.5-5.5 mm long; indurate; without keel. Lemma surface papillose. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse, or acute. Palea involute; indurate; without keels" (GrassBase).

Habitat/ecology:  In Fiji, "introduced as a pasture grass and now established in wet and intermediate zones" (Smith, 1979; p. 338).

Propagation:  Seed, locally by rooting from stolons.

Native range:  Africa (Smith, 1979; p. 338).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Vanua Levu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (p. 330)
Voucher cited: DA 15389
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Vanua Mbalavu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (p. 330)
Voucher cited: Garnock-Jones 1083
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Cultivée
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Cultivée
New Caledonia
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Islands introduced
cultivated
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 58)
"Dans les essais récents de plantes fourragères".
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara M./Newfield, Melanie/Bull, Cate (2004) (p. Voucher specimens submitted for determination.)
Specimens collected: BMW 7073 (BISH, CHR, BRI), BMW 7083 (BISH, CHR, BRI)
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands introduced
cultivated
Hancock, I. R./Henderson, C. P. (1988) (p. 52)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

  [   PIER species lists  ]   [   PIER home  ]

This page was created on 21 AUG 2002 and was last updated on 30 NOV 2008.