Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

  [   PIER species lists  ]   [   PIER home  ]

Triumfetta rhomboidea
Jacq., Malvaceae
Click on an image for links to BIGGER PICTURES


Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Other Latin names:  Triamfetta bartramia L.

Common name(s): [more details]

Austral: pilipili, pipili, piri piri, piripiri

Chinese: ci shuo ma

Chuukese: sacawer

English: bur bush, burr bush, Chinese burr, diamond burbark, hibiscus burr, paroquet burr

Fijian: nggatima, nggatima ni vavalangi, qatima

French: herisson blanc

Mangarevan: piripiri

Maori (Cook Islands): piripiri, purūmu, purūmu

Marquesan: aunehu, pu‘unehu, puehu, puehu, puehu pua pipi‘i, punehe, punehu, punehu haoé, punehu haoe, punuehu, pununehu

Niuean: mosipo, motipo

Rotuman: joan ne pija

Samoan: matofu papalagi, mautofu, mautofu, mautofu vao

Tahitian: piri piri, piripiri, piripiri, piripiri takato, toceto, toketo, toteto, urio

Tongan: mo‘osipo, mo‘osipo enge‘enga, mo‘osipo hina enge‘enga, mu‘a

Habit:  shrub

Description:  "Erect, woody herb or shrub 75-150 cm in height.  Stems glabrous, longitudinally grooved.  Leaves simple, alternate; blade ovate to rhomboid in shape with 3-5 lobes, sometimes nearly as wide as broad, and 2-10 cm long.  Leaf margins irregularly serrate, leaf surfaces softly-pubescent with stellate hairs, blade palmately veined.  Flowers in short, condensed, axillary cymes.  Calyx divided into five pubescent, narrowly oblong sepals; corolla of five yellow, obovate petals about 5 mm long.  Stamens 10-15.  Fruit a subglobose bur with the body 3-4 mm in diameter, covered with 75-100 hooked spines 1.0 to 1.5 mm long" (Whistler, 1983; p. 69).

"An erect shrub to 1.5 m tall; leaves ovate-oblong, 3-lobed; serrate; flowers small yellow axillary clustered; fruits with scattered reflexed hairs on the hooked spines" (Stone, 1970; p. 406).

Habitat/ecology:  "Invades pastures, disturbed areas in forests.  Prevents establishment of native species.  Burs a nuisance to man and beast in pastures and forests"  (Motooka et al., 2003).  In Hawai‘i, "naturalized in dry, disturbed sites and pastures, 5-760 m"  (Wagner et al., 1999; pp. 1292, 1294).  In Niue, "a nuisance in the plantations.  It is also frequently seen in waste places, along tracks, and in similar disturbed sites"  (Sykes, 1970; p. 206).  In Fiji, "found from near sea level to an elevation of 600 m as an abundant weed along roads and trails, in clearings, waste places, thickets, and canefields, and on open hillsides"  (Smith, 1981; pp. 378-379). In New Guinea, "a plant of regrowth and savannahs, and a weed of roadsides and pastures. At low altitudes" (Henty & Pritchard, 1975; p. 155). In Tonga, "frequent as a plantation and waste-area weed" (Yuncker, 1959; p. 180). In New Caledonia, "mauvaise herbe très commune" (MacKee, 1994; p. 135). "Cette mauvaise herbe pantropicale se rencontre près de tous les lieux habitésl, dans les terrains vagues, les cultures, le long des chemins, dans les zones défrichées ou reboisées, de 0 à 600 m d'altitude" (Tirel, 1996; pp. 129-131).

Propagation:  Burs that stick to clothing and fur.

Native range:  Probably tropical America, now pan-tropical weed.

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ofu Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2000) (p. 41)
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ofu Island   Whistler, W. A. (1990)
Vouchers cited: Whistler 3054, Whistler 3465
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Olosega Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2000) (p. 43)
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Olosega Island   Whistler, W. A. (1990)
Voucher cited: Garber 1076
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Olosega Island Yuncker, T. G. (1945) (p. 50)
Voucher cited: Garber 1076 (BISH)
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Olosega Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1925) (voucher ID: BISH 184904)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ta‘u Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2000) (p. 46)
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ta‘u Island   Whistler, W. A. (1990)
Vouchers cited: Garber 602, Whistler 1322
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ta‘u Island Yuncker, T. G. (1945) (p. 50)
Voucher cited: Garber 602 (BISH)
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ta‘u Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1921) (voucher ID: BISH 184905)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Tutuila Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2000) (p. 38)
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Tutuila Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1923) (voucher ID: BISH 184911)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Tutuila Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1920) (voucher ID: BISH 184914)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
Australia (Pacific offshore islands)
Norfolk Islands
Norfolk Island introduced
invasive
Orchard, Anthony E., ed. (1994) (p. 11)
"Possibly a recent introduction to judge from the one collection made in 1980, but with the potential of becoming a serious weed". Voucher cited: W.R. Sykes NI 604 (CHR)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Aitutaki Atoll   Sykes, Bill (year unknown)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Aitutaki Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1969) (voucher ID: BISH 82003)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
‘Atiu Island   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Mangaia Island   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Ma‘uke Island   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Miti‘aro Island   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Miti‘aro Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 100)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1929) (voucher ID: BISH 184797)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1991) (voucher ID: BISH 665322)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Ulalu (Romonum) Island   Wagner, W. L./ Herbst, D. R./Weitzman, A./Lorence, D.H. (2013)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Ulalu (Romonum) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1965) (voucher ID: BISH 184943)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 159)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island introduced
invasive
Herrera, Katherine/Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy/Balick, Michael J. (2010) (p. 110)
Naturalized
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Kandavu Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1981) (pp. 378-379)
Vouchers cited: DA 2947, Smith 189
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Kandavu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1933) (voucher ID: BISH 184962)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Katafanga Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1981) (pp. 378-379)
Voucher cited: Bryan 542
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Katafanga Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1924) (voucher ID: BISH 184960)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Lakemba Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1981) (pp. 378-379)
Voucher cited: Garnock-Jones 918
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Rotuma Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1938) (voucher ID: BISH 618630)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta bartramia L.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Rotuma Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1938) (voucher ID: BISH 618631)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta bartramia L.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Thithia Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1981) (pp. 378-379)
Voucher cited: DA 13254
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Totoya Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1981) (pp. 378-379)
Voucher cited: DA 13242
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Vanua Levu Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1981) (pp. 378-379)
Vouchers cited: DA 1098, DA 10506, DA 9111
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Vanua Mbalavu Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1981) (pp. 378-379)
Vouchers cited: DA 10205, Smith 1427
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Vanua Mbalavu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1934) (voucher ID: BISH 184961)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Vanua Mbalavu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1977) (voucher ID: BISH 420635)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1981) (pp. 378-379)
Vouchers cited: Greenwood 136, DA 10289, Smith 4111, DA 10432, DA 2815, Webster & Hildreth 14308, DA 10166, DA 2878, Smith 9614, DA 7911, DA 9530, DA 7746, H.B.R. Parham 117
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1945) (voucher ID: BISH 14690)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1968) (voucher ID: BISH 78640)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1953) (voucher ID: BISH 184963)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1947) (voucher ID: BISH 184964)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Yanutha Levu Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1981) (pp. 378-379)
Voucher cited: DA 8984
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Aukena Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J. (2004) (pp. 258-260)
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Aukena Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Mangareva (Gambier) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J. (2004) (pp. 258-260)
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Mangareva (Gambier) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: B. Huguenin s.n. (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Mangareva (Gambier) Island introduced
St. John, Harold (1988) (p. 18)
Voucher cited: St. John 14526 (BISH)
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Taravai Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J. (2004) (pp. 258-260)
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Taravai Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Taravai Island introduced
St. John, Harold (1988) (p. 18)
Voucher cited: St. John 14783 (BISH)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Eiao Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J. (2004) (pp. 258-260)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Eiao Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Eiao Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Vouchers cited: J.-C. Thibault 1039 (PAP), J.-C. Thibault 1043 (PAP), J. Florence & M. Teikiteetini 9314 (PAP), S.P. Perlman & J. Florence 10045 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Eiao Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1988) (voucher ID: BISH 1000616)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Eiao Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1906) (voucher ID: BISH 1001138)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Eiao Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1988) (voucher ID: PTBG 9225)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Fatu Hiva Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J. (2004) (pp. 258-260)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Fatu Hiva Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Fatu Hiva Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Vouchers cited: D.H. Lorence 6209 (PAP), J. Florence, D.H. Lorence & W.L. Wagner 9510 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Fatu Hiva Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1988) (voucher ID: BISH 601883)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Fatu Hiva Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1988) (voucher ID: BISH 1000615)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Fatu Hiva Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1988) (voucher ID: PTBG 8516)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J. (2004) (pp. 258-260)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Vouchers cited: B.G. Decker 397 (PAP), M.-H. Sachet 2161 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1963) (voucher ID: PTBG 8404)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Mohotani (Mohotane, Mohotane) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J. (2004) (pp. 258-260)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Mohotani (Mohotane, Mohotane) Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Mohotani (Mohotane, Mohotane) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J.-Y. Meyer 212 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Mohotani (Mohotane, Mohotane) Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2004) (voucher ID: PTBG 42563)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J. (2004) (pp. 258-260)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Vouchers cited: B.G. Decker 2175 (PAP), B.G. Decker 2219 (PAP), J. Florence 4103 (PAP), J. Florence 8445 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1982) (voucher ID: BISH 491494)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1987) (voucher ID: BISH 541053)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1987) (voucher ID: BISH 541054)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1988) (voucher ID: BISH 583641)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Tahuata (Tuhuata) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J. (2004) (pp. 258-260)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Tahuata (Tuhuata) Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Tahuata (Tuhuata) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Huka (Huahuna, Uahuka) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J. (2004) (pp. 258-260)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Huka (Huahuna, Uahuka) Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Huka (Huahuna, Uahuka) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Pou (Huapu, Uapou, Uapu) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J. (2004) (pp. 258-260)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Pou (Huapu, Uapou, Uapu) Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Pou (Huapu, Uapou, Uapu) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Bora Bora Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J. (2004) (pp. 258-260)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Bora Bora Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 12020 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Huahine Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J. (2004) (pp. 258-260)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Huahine Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Vouchers cited: D. Baré 80 (PAP), F.R. Fosberg 63101 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Huahine Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1976) (voucher ID: BISH 417359)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Huahine Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1977) (voucher ID: BISH 599810)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Maiao (Maiaoiti, Mauiti, Tupuaemanu) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J. (2004) (pp. 258-260)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Maiao (Maiaoiti, Mauiti, Tupuaemanu) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Maupiti (Maurua) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J. (2004) (pp. 258-260)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Maupiti (Maurua) Island introduced
invasive
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, M.-H. (1987) (p. 45)
Vouchers cited: Raynal 17827, Fosberg 64829 (US), Fosberg 64925 (US)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Maupiti (Maurua) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Raynal 17827 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Maupiti (Maurua) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1985) (voucher ID: BISH 614936)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Mehetia (Mahetia, Meetia) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 10297 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Mehetia (Mahetia, Meetia) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1990) (voucher ID: BISH 642904)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Moorea Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J. (2004) (pp. 258-260)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Moorea Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Moorea Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1967) (voucher ID: BISH 22353)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Mopelia (Mapetia, Maupiha‘a, Maupihoa, Mopiha‘a) Atoll introduced
invasive
Florence, J. (2004) (pp. 258-260)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Mopelia (Mapetia, Maupiha‘a, Maupihoa, Mopiha‘a) Atoll introduced
invasive
Sachet, M.-H. (1983) (p. 30)
Voucher cited: Sachet 917 (US)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Mopelia (Mapetia, Maupiha‘a, Maupihoa, Mopiha‘a) Atoll introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Raiatea (Havai) Island introduced
invasive
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 282)
Voucher cited: BRY 24871
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Raiatea (Havai) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J. (2004) (pp. 258-260)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Raiatea (Havai) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Vouchers cited: J. Florence 3389 (PAP), F.R. Fosberg & M.-H. Sachet 63221 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Raiatea (Havai) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1982) (voucher ID: BISH 492094)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Taha‘a Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J. (2004) (pp. 258-260)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Taha‘a Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 5254 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Taha‘a Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1983) (voucher ID: BISH 492249)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Taha‘a Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1982) (voucher ID: BISH 614599)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Taha‘a Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1982) (voucher ID: BISH 614603)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
invasive
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 282)
Voucher cited: Drake l.c.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J. (2004) (pp. 258-260)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Vouchers cited: J. Florence 4029 (PAP), J.-M. Veillon & M. Guérin 184 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1980) (voucher ID: BISH 491118)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1982) (voucher ID: BISH 491149)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Makatea (Ma‘atea) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J. (2004) (pp. 258-260)
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Makatea (Ma‘atea) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 3001 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Makatea (Ma‘atea) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1982) (voucher ID: BISH 493104)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Makatea (Ma‘atea) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1985) (voucher ID: BISH 659367)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Tenarunga Atoll introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Raivavae (Raevavae) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J. (2004) (pp. 258-260)
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Raivavae (Raevavae) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 5693 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rapa Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J. (2004) (pp. 258-260)
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rapa Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 6396 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rapa Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1984) (voucher ID: BISH 493497)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rapa Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2002) (voucher ID: PTBG 42059)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rimatara (Rimitara) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J. (2004) (pp. 258-260)
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rimatara (Rimitara) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rurutu Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J. (2004) (pp. 258-260)
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rurutu Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 5959 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rurutu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1983) (voucher ID: BISH 545608)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Tubuai Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J. (2004) (pp. 258-260)
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Tubuai Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
Raulerson, L. (2006) (p. 45)
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1990) (voucher ID: PTBG 23923)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 1292, 1294)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Moloka‘i Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 1292, 1294)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 1292, 1294)
Voucher cited: Heller 2293 (BISH)
Japan (offshore islands)
Ogasawara (Bonin) Islands
Bonin (Ogasawara) Islands   Kato, Hidetoshi (2007)
New Caledonia
Îles Bélep (Belep Islands)
Île Pott introduced
invasive
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 135)
Voucher cited: MacKee 19367
New Caledonia
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Islands introduced
invasive
Gargominy, Oliver/Bouchet, Philipe/Pascal, Michel/Jaffre, Tanguy/Tourneu, Jean-Christophe (1996) (p. 383)
Mauvaise herbe très commune.
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
invasive
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 135)
Vouchers cited: Vieillard 156, Balansa 527, Cribs 644, Schlechter 15841, MacKee 2422, MacKee 11449, MacKee 12018
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1949) (voucher ID: BISH 10860)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta bartramia L.
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1949) (voucher ID: BISH 10861)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta bartramia L.
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1909) (voucher ID: BISH 592997)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
Sykes, W. R. (1970) (p. 206)
Vouchers cited: CHR 168686, CHR 168687, CHR 168688
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
Whistler, W. A. (1988) (p. 38)
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2000) (p. 25)
Voucher: Flynn 6710 (PTBG, US, NIUE)
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
Whistler, W. A./Atherton, J. (1997) (p. 48)
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
Yuncker, T. G. (1943) (p. 80)
Vouchers cited: Yuncker 9865 (BISH), Yuncker 10239 (BISH)
"A common weed in plantations and waste areas".
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara M./Newfield, Melanie/Bull, Cate (2004) (p. 47)
Niue
Niue
Niue Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2000) (voucher ID: PTBG 30205)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 159)
Papua New Guinea
Bismarck Archipelago
Bismarck Archipelago invasive
Peekel, P. G. [translated by E. E. Henty] (1984) (p. 355)
Common weed.
Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island)
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island) invasive
Henty, E. E./Pritchard, G. H. (1975) (p. 155)
Widespread at low altitudes, but usually not common; mostly in regions of seasonal rainfall.
Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island)
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island)   Waterhouse, D. F. (1997) (p. 66)
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Savai‘i Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 71)
Voucher: Flynn 6945 (PTBG, US, SAMOA)
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Savai‘i Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1924) (voucher ID: BISH 184906)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Savai‘i Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1931) (voucher ID: BISH 184907)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Savai‘i Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1931) (voucher ID: BISH 184908)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Savai‘i Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1929) (voucher ID: BISH 184909)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Savai‘i Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1977) (voucher ID: BISH 416361)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Savai‘i Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1974) (voucher ID: BISH 417863)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Savai‘i Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1986) (voucher ID: BISH 609298)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Savai‘i Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2002) (voucher ID: PTBG 273)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Upolu Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 68)
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Upolu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1929) (voucher ID: BISH 184910)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Upolu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1893) (voucher ID: BISH 184912)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Guadalcanal Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1947) (voucher ID: BISH 402121)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands   Swarbrick, John T. (1997) (p. 97)
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands native
Hancock, I. R./Henderson, C. P. (1988) (p. 116)
Tonga
Ha‘apai Group
Ha‘afeva Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1982) (voucher ID: BISH 640414)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta bartramia L.
Tonga
Ha‘apai Group
Ha‘ano Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2001) (p. 75)
Tonga
Ha‘apai Group
Kao Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1982) (voucher ID: BISH 645786)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta bartramia L.
Tonga
Ha‘apai Group
Kao Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1982) (voucher ID: BISH 1000865)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta bartramia L.
Tonga
Ha‘apai Group
Kotu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1982) (voucher ID: BISH 440414)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta bartramia L.
Tonga
Ha‘apai Group
Lifuka Island   Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (p. 180)
Voucher cited: Yuncker 15786
Tonga
Ha‘apai Group
Lifuka Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1953) (voucher ID: BISH 184892)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
Tonga
Ha‘apai Group
Lifuka and Foa Islands introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2001) (p. 75)
Tonga
Ha‘apai Group
Tofua Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1982) (voucher ID: BISH 645861)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta bartramia L.
Tonga
Ha‘apai Group
‘Uiha Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2001) (p. 75)
Tonga
Ha‘apai Group
‘Uiha Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1959) (voucher ID: BISH 41315)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
Tonga
Tonga Islands
Tonga Islands   Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (p. 180)
"Frequent throughout Tonga".
Tonga
Tonga Islands
Tonga Islands   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1921) (voucher ID: BISH 184893)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
‘Eua Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1967) (voucher ID: BISH 22276)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
‘Eua Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1987) (voucher ID: BISH 603509)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
‘Eua Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2001) (voucher ID: PTBG 231)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2001) (p. 57)
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island   Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (p. 180)
Voucher cited: Yuncker 16218
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1958) (voucher ID: BISH 18835)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1959) (voucher ID: BISH 41372)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1969) (voucher ID: BISH 77879)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1953) (voucher ID: BISH 184891)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Niuatoputapu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1976) (voucher ID: BISH 429363)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Niuatoputapu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1976) (voucher ID: BISH 429364)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Tafahi Island   Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (p. 180)
Voucher cited: Hürlimann 526
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Vava‘u Island   Whistler, W. A. (1992) (p. 78)
Voucher cited: Crosby 14
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Vava‘u Island   Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (p. 180)
Cited: Crosby.
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Vava‘u Island   Burkill, I. H. (1900) (p. 29)
Vanuatu
New Hebrides Islands
Tanna Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1978) (voucher ID: BISH 424735)
Taxon name on voucher: Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
Vanuatu
New Hebrides Islands
Vanuatu (Republic of)   Swarbrick, John T. (1997) (p. 97)
Wallis and Futuna
Wallis and Futuna (Horne) Islands
Wallis (‘Uvea) Island introduced
invasive
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2007) (p. 38)
Wallis and Futuna
Wallis and Futuna (Horne) Islands
Wallis and Futuna Islands   Whistler, W. A. (1988) (p. 38)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Australia (continental)   Holm, Leroy/Pancho, Juan V./Herberger, James P./Plucknett, Donald L. (1979) (p. 370)
Australia
Australia (continental)
Queensland introduced
invasive
Queensland Herbarium (2002) (p. 8)
China
China
China (People's Republic of)   Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Forest margins, open areas, wastelands; 100-1500 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Yunnan.
China
China
Hong Kong native
Wu, Te-lin (2001) (p. 95)
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia (Republic of)   Holm, Leroy/Pancho, Juan V./Herberger, James P./Plucknett, Donald L. (1979) (p. 370)
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) introduced
invasive
Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. (2009) (p. 88)
Naturalised
Taiwan
Taiwan Island
Taiwan Island   Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Forest margins, open areas, wastelands; 100-1500 m.
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
La Réunion (France)
La Réunion Island
La Réunion Island introduced
invasive
Lavergne, Christophe (2006)
"Naturalisé"
French Territory of Mayotte
Mayotte Islands
Mayotte Island introduced
invasive
Comité français de l'Union Internationale pour la Conservation de la Nature en France (2013)
Naturalisée, potentiellement envahissant.
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Alphonse Island   Robertson, I. A. D./Robertson, S. A./Fosberg, F. R. (1983) (p. 183)
Voucher cited: Robertson 2833 (K)
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Frégate Island   Robertson, S. A./Todd, D. M. (1983) (p. 61)
Vouchers cited: Procter 4168, Robertson 2677

Comments:  On State of Hawai‘i noxious species list.

Control: 

Physical:  "Burs stick to clothing and fur, so sanitation measures and control before seeding are critical to prevent spread of bur bush"  (Motooka et al., 2003).

Chemical: "Sensitive to foliar drizzle applications of dicamba, picloram, and probably triclopyr"  (Motooka et al., 2003).


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

  [   PIER species lists  ]   [   PIER home  ]

This page was created on 1 JAN 1999 and was last updated on 11 FEB 2010.