Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Trevesia palmata
(DC.) Vis., Araliaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  Evaluate, score: 5 (Go to the risk assessment)

Other Latin names:  Gastonia palmata Roxb. ex Lindl.; Gilibertia palmata (Roxb. ex Lindl.) DC.

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: ci tong cao

English: snowflakeplant, snowflaketree

Habit:  tree

Description:  "Trees, evergreen, to 8 m tall. Trunk to ca. 15 cm d.b.h.; branches prickly, farinose stellate pubescent. Leaves simple; petiole often prickly, 30-70 (-90) cm; stipules united into a 2-lobed sheath; blade large, 60-90 cm wide, leathery, both surfaces glabrous or with scattered stellate hairs, lateral veins distinct on both surfaces, deeply 5-9-lobed; lobes narrowly ovate-lanceolate, margin serrate, apex acuminate. Inflorescence a panicle of umbels, ca. 45 cm, densely farinose stellate pubescent when young, glabrescent; peduncles 4-17 cm; umbels 4-5 cm in diameter, 25-45-flowered; pedicels 1.5-2 cm. Calyx rim 1-2 mm, farinose stellate pubescent. Stamens 7-12. Ovary 7-12-carpellate. Fruit subglobose to compressed-globose, 1-1.8 cm in diameter, smooth or ribbed; styles united, conic, 2-4 mm, stout, persistent"  (Flora of China online).

Habitat/ecology:  In China (native): "mixed forests on mountain slopes; 600-2000 m"  (Flora of China online).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  India eastward through China and southeastern Asia; also cultivated (GRIN).


Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island   Bishop Museum (U.S.A. Hawaii. Honolulu.) (1961) (voucher ID: BISH 73039)
Taxon name on voucher: Trevesia palmata

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This page was created on 3 SEP 2012 and was last updated on 1 OCT 2012.