Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Tragus berteronianus
Schult., Poaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Other Latin names:  Nazia aliena (Spreng.) Scribn.

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: shi zi cao

English: bertero goatgrass, bur grass, carrotseed grass, small carrot-seed grass, spike bur grass

Habit:  grass

Description:  "Annuals; culms erect or decumbent at base, 1-2.5 dm tall, pubescent below racemes.  Sheaths 1-3 cm long, glabrous, striate, the uppermost often dilated; ligule ciliate, 0.5-0.7 mm long; blades thick, firm, 1.5-2 cm long or the uppermost vestigial, 1-3 mm wide, margins undulate, cartilaginous, pubescent with stiff white hairs.  Racemes 3-7 cm long, 4-5 mm in diameter, often enclosed within the uppermost sheaths, rachis slender, pubescent; burs 2-3 mm long, beaked, pedicels pubescent, up to 0.5 mm long; spikelets 2 per bur; first glume absent, second glumes of the 2 spikelets forming the halves of a bur, convex, 3-nerved, the nerves bearing a row of stout hooked spines on either side; lemma ca. 2 mm long, apex acute, sparsely pubescent; palea 1.5-2 mm long, glabrous, apex acute.  Caryopsis golden brown, 1.2-1.5 mm long"  (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 1601).

Description from GrassBase.

Habitat/ecology:  In Hawai‘i, "naturalized and common along roadsides and in arid, disturbed sites, 25-260 m"  (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 1601).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Native range unknown (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 1601). Africa and Asia, naturalized elsewhere (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaho‘olawe Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 1601)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Lāna‘i Island introduced
invasive
Oppenheimer, Hank (2013) (p. 18)
Voucher cited: Oppenheimer H21114 (BISH, PTBG)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 1601)
Voucher cited: Collector unknown s.n. (BISH)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Moloka‘i Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 1601)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
Snow, Neil/Davidse, Gerrit (2011) (p. 20)
Voucher cited: SESP s.n. (BISH 667204)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
China
China
China (People's Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Japan
Japan
Japan (country) introduced
Mito, Toshikazu/Uesugi, Tetsuro (2004) (p. 192)
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States)   Hafliger, Ernst/Scholz, Hildemar (1980) (p. 133)


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This page was created on 10 FEB 2007 and was last updated on 30 NOV 2008.