Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Teucrium vesicarium
Mill., Lamiaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Other Latin names:  Teucrium inflatum Sw.

Common name(s): [more details]

Niuean: hogohogo

Other: daboaghavat, meko boayui, pouhim

Spanish: laurel

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Perennial herb to 1 m high, the branchlets pubescent with curled hairs or hirsute with spreading and often glandular hairs; leaves petiolate, the petioles slender, 10-40 mm long, the blades ovate to oblong-ovate, membranaceous, 4-12 x 2-6 cm, rounded to subtruncate or shallowly cordate at base, acute to acuminate at apex, crenate-serrate (sometimes coarsely so) at margin, hirtellous to glabrate above, soft-pubescent with curled hairs, or sometimes also with longer, straight hairs on nerves, or glabrous beneath; verticils arranged in dense terminal spikes seldom more than 20 cm long, the flowers sessile or with pedicels to 1 mm long, the bracts inconspicuous, lanceolate to linear, shorter than calyces; calyx weakly bilabiate, 4-8 mm long, densely pubescent, the tube inflated and subsaccate at maturity, the upper lip 2-toothed, the lower lip 3-toothed, the teeth deltoid; corolla 9-13 mm long, the tube 4-6 mm long, pubescent; stamens exserted, the filaments pubescent toward base, the anthers about 0.5 mm long; nutlets glabrous, rugose-reticulate, 2-2.5 mm long"  (Smith, 1991; pp. 219-220).

Habitat/ecology:  "In moist woods and shaded hillsides, around margins of ponds, and in swampy areas" (Wiggins & Porter, 1971; pp. 411-412). In Fiji, "sparingly collected near sea level, but possibly it is no longer present" (Smith, 1991; pp. 219-220).  In New Caledonia, "mauvaise herbe américaine arrivée depuis longtemps en certaines îles du Pacifique Sud, étant signalée a Tonga par Forster (1786), mais non récoltée paraît-il en Nouvelle-Calédonie avant 1850" (MacKee, 1994; p. 71). "Possibly now extinct in Western Polynesia" (Whistler, 1988; p. 21). Moist uplands in the Galápagos Islands (McMullen, 1999; p. 273).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Tropical America (Smith, 1991; pp. 219-220).  "An aboriginal introduction to Western Polynesia, not collected there since 1940." Herbarium records exist from Samoa (1905), Tonga (1773), Niue (1940) and Wallis and Futuna (ca. 1862). (Whistler, 1988; p. 21).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Taveuni Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1991) (pp. 219-220)
Voucher cited: Seemann 360
Perhaps no longer present.
New Caledonia
Îles Bélep (Belep Islands)
Île Art introduced
invasive
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (pp. 70-71)
Voucher cited: Montrouzier 188 (LY)
New Caledonia
Îles Loyauté (Loyalte Islands)
Îles Loyauté (Loyalty Islands) introduced
invasive
Tassin, Jacques (2005)
New Caledonia
Îles Loyauté (Loyalte Islands)
Île Lifou introduced
invasive
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (pp. 70-71)
Voucher cited: Deplanche 1097
New Caledonia
Îles Loyauté (Loyalte Islands)
Île Maré introduced
invasive
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (pp. 70-71)
Voucher cited: Däniker 2681
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
invasive
Tassin, Jacques (2005)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
invasive
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (pp. 70-71)
Vouchers cited: Home s.n. (BM), Vieillard 1097, MacKee 5497, MacKee 9973, Gaillard 1, Gaillard in MacKee 26920, Bourret 103 (NOU)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île des Pins (Isle of Pines) introduced
invasive
Tassin, Jacques (2005)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île des Pins (Isle of Pines) introduced
invasive
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (pp. 70-71)
Vouchers cited: Germain s.n., Virot 958
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
Yuncker, T. G. (1943) (p. 103)
Voucher cited: Yuncker 10075 (BISH). Not seen in 1965 per Sykes (1970).
"Occasional along roadsides".
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island   Whistler, W. A. (1992) (p. 39)
Vouchers cited: Forster s.n., Graeffe 1483
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island   Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (p. 234)
Cited: Forster, Graeffe.
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Vava‘u Island   Whistler, W. A. (1992) (p. 39)
Vouchers cited: Harvey s.n., Crosby 137
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Vava‘u Island   Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (p. 234)
Cited: Barclay, Crosby.
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Colombia
Colombia
Colombia (Republic of) probably native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Costa Rica
Costa Rica
Costa Rica (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Guatemala
Guatemala
Guatemala (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Honduras
Honduras
Honduras (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Nicaragua
Nicaragua
Nicaragua (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Panama
Panama
Panama (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Perú
Perú
Perú (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)


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This page was created on 1 JAN 1999 and was last updated on 26 OCT 2006.