Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Terminalia myriocarpa
Heurck & Muell. Arg., Combretaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: qian guo lan ren

English: hollock, jhalna

Habit:  tree

Description:  "Trees up to 25 m tall; branches tomentose, sometimes becoming glabrate. Leaves subopposite, chartaceous, oblong-lanceolate to oblong-elliptic, 8-30 (-42) cm long, 2-12 (-15.5) cm wide, upper surface glabrous, lower surface appressed whitish pubescent, apex acuminate, petioles tomentose to glabrate, 0.3-0.7 cm long, usually with 1-2 conspicuous glands at apex. Flowers perfect or unisexual (and the plants polygamous), in large terminal panicles, yellowish tomentose; calyx tube cup-shaped, 0.8 mm long, the teeth 0.5 mm long. Fruit ellipsoid, compressed or obscurely 3-angled, 0.3-0.4 cm long, 0.1-0.15 cm wide, expanded laterally into 2 wings 5-6 mm long, sometimes with a small third wing" (Wagner et al., 1999; pp. 548, 1873).

Habitat/ecology:  In Indonesia, "common in both primary evergreen and in seasonal deciduous forests (e.g. teak forest in Java), up to 800 m" (van Steenis, 1954; vol. 4, pp. 562-563).  In Hawai‘i, over 26,000 trees planted for reforestation, now naturalized at least on Kaua‘i, Maui and Hawai‘i (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 548).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  India, China and Indonesia (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 548).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 548)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 548)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 548)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Herbarium Pacificum Staff (1998) (p. 9)
Voucher cited: C. Imada, W. Char & T. Motley 97-002 (BISH)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
China
China
China (People's Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia (country of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Thailand
Thailand
Thailand (Kingdom of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Vietnam
Vietnam
Vietnam (Socialist Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)

Comments:  Introduced as a forestry tree to Hawai‘i, now naturalized.


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 1 JAN 1999 and was last updated on 28 AUG 2010.