Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Terminalia myriocarpa
Heurck & Muell. Arg., Combretaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: qian guo lan ren

English: hollock, jhalna

Habit:  tree

Description:  "Trees up to 25 m tall; branches tomentose, sometimes becoming glabrate. Leaves subopposite, chartaceous, oblong-lanceolate to oblong-elliptic, 8-30 (-42) cm long, 2-12 (-15.5) cm wide, upper surface glabrous, lower surface appressed whitish pubescent, apex acuminate, petioles tomentose to glabrate, 0.3-0.7 cm long, usually with 1-2 conspicuous glands at apex. Flowers perfect or unisexual (and the plants polygamous), in large terminal panicles, yellowish tomentose; calyx tube cup-shaped, 0.8 mm long, the teeth 0.5 mm long. Fruit ellipsoid, compressed or obscurely 3-angled, 0.3-0.4 cm long, 0.1-0.15 cm wide, expanded laterally into 2 wings 5-6 mm long, sometimes with a small third wing" (Wagner et al., 1999; pp. 548, 1873).

Habitat/ecology:  In Indonesia, "common in both primary evergreen and in seasonal deciduous forests (e.g. teak forest in Java), up to 800 m" (van Steenis, 1954; vol. 4, pp. 562-563).  In Hawai‘i, over 26,000 trees planted for reforestation, now naturalized at least on Kaua‘i, Maui and Hawai‘i (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 548).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  India, China and Indonesia (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 548).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 548)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 548)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 548)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Herbarium Pacificum Staff (1998) (p. 9)
Voucher cited: C. Imada, W. Char & T. Motley 97-002 (BISH)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia (country of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)

Comments:  Introduced as a forestry tree to Hawai‘i, now naturalized.


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 1 JAN 1999 and was last updated on 28 AUG 2010.