Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

  [   PIER species lists  ]   [   PIER home  ]

Tarenaya spinosa
Cleomaceae
Click on an image for links to BIGGER PICTURES


Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Other Latin names:  Cleome spinosa Jacq.

Common name(s): [more details]

English: prickly spider-flower, spiny spider-flower

French: cléome épineuse, grand acaya, grand mouzambé, mouzambé à six feuilles

Spanish: barba de galán, espuela de caballero, frijolillo, jazmin del rio, mussambé, pito-pito, plantanilla espinosa, plantanito, sambo, tabaquillo, volantines preciosos, zarza

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Annual herbs 10-14 dm tall; stems glandular pubescent and with scattered small spines.  Leaflets 5-7, lanceolate, 6-8 (-10) cm long, 1.7-2.5 (-3) cm wide, sparely glandular pubescent, apex acute, petioles 5-10 cm long, sometimes with scattered prickles.  Flowers in elongate racemes, each one subtended by simple, subsessile bracts; sepals (4-) 6-7 mm long, glandular pubescent; petals white, rarely pinkish tinged, spatulate with a long claw, 1.5-3 cm long, covering the stamens until anthesis; stamens 6, inserted on the gynophore 0.5-2 mm above the petals; filaments 35-40 mm long; gynophore without a visible scar in fruit.  Capsules cylindrical, 5.5-6.5 cm long, ca. 4 mm in diameter.  Seeds numerous, nearly smooth."  (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 494).

Habitat/ecology:  In Hawai‘i, "formerly occurred at low elevations, often near taro paddies, ca. 0-250 m" (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 494).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Tropical America from Mexico to northern South America, the west Indies and Hawai'i (but now extinct there) (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 494).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
San Cristóbal Group
San Cristóbal Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Observed in survey, no herbarium record.
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Santa Cruz Group
Santa Cruz Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 59)
Voucher cited: BRY 26339
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1981) (voucher ID: PTBG 37210)
Taxon name on voucher: Cleome spinosa Jacq.
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
invasive
Tassin, Jacques (2005)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
invasive
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 27)
Vouchers cited: MacKee 15848, Suprin in MacKee 41086
Spontané
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands   Hafliger, Toni J./Wolf, Matthias (1988) (p. 119)
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands introduced
invasive
Merrill, Elmer D. (1923) (pp. 208-209)
A recent introduction, now thoroughly naturalized and very abundant along streams in Benguet.
Vanuatu
New Hebrides Islands
Vanuatu (Republic of)   Swarbrick, John T. (1997) (p. 90)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Australia (continental)   Hafliger, Toni J./Wolf, Matthias (1988) (p. 119)
China
China
China (People's Republic of)   Hafliger, Toni J./Wolf, Matthias (1988) (p. 119)
China
China
Hong Kong native
Wu, Te-lin (2001) (p. 109)
Colombia
Colombia
Colombia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Costa Rica
Costa Rica
Costa Rica (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Ecuador (Mainland)
Ecuador
Ecuador (Republic of) (continental) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
El Oro, Loja
El Salvador
El Salvador
El Salvador (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Guatemala
Guatemala
Guatemala (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Honduras
Honduras
Honduras (Republic of) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia (Republic of)   Hafliger, Toni J./Wolf, Matthias (1988) (p. 119)
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States)   Hafliger, Toni J./Wolf, Matthias (1988) (p. 119)
Nicaragua
Nicaragua
Nicaragua (Republic of) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Panama
Panama
Panama (Republic of) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Perú
Perú
Perú (Republic of) uncertain if native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
United States (other states) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Alabama, Pennsylvania, West Virginia
Naturalized
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
USA (Florida) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized

Comments:  Last collected in Hawai‘i in 1864-1865 and now presumed extinct (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 494).


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

  [   PIER species lists  ]   [   PIER home  ]

This page was created on 23 MAY 2017 and was last updated on 1 JUN 2017.