Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Tamarix parviflora
DC., Tamaricaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  no

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  High risk, score: 8 (Go to the risk assessment)

Common name(s): [more details]

English: salt-cedar, small-flower tamarisk

Habit:  shrub

Description:  "Tall shrub, 4 m high, with reddish brown bark. Leaves simple, alternate, sessile, ovate with somewhat auriculate base, 3-5 mm long 1-1.5 mm broad, acuminate. Racemes lateral, vernal, 24 cm long c. 5 mm broad. Flowers pinkish, tetra and pentamerous but more often tetramerous. Bracts longer than pedicel, trullate ovate, acuminate with a diaphanous blunt end, apex subobtuse, membranous at the margin, c. 2 mm long, c. 1 mm broad, pedicel c. 1 mm long. Calyx fused at the base, outer sepals acute, inner obtuse, ovate, denticulate, membranous at the margin, c. 1.5 mm long, 1 mm broad. Petals oblong, obovate, somewhat parabolic, 2-2.25 (-2.5) mm long, 1 mm broad, persistent, rarely subpersistent. Stamens 4 or 5 (depending upon tetra or pentamerous flowers), 3.54 mm long, filaments filiform confluent with the disc lobe, (epilophic disc), anthers 1 mm long, ovate, apiculate, Stigmas 3, somewhat club shaped, ovary conic. Capsule trigonous"  (Flora of Pakistan online).

Habitat/ecology:  (no habitat/ecology info known by PIER)

Propagation:  Seed and sprouting from stem fragments.

Native range:  Albania, Croatia, Greece (including Crete) Israel, Macedonia, Slovenia, Turkey (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Canada (British Colombia)
Province of British Columbia
Canada (British Columbia) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
New Zealand
New Zealand
New Zealand (country) introduced
invasive
cultivated
Webb, C. J./Sykes, W. R./Garnock-Jones, P. J. (1988) (p. 1254)
"Recently collected apparently wild on the Kaikoura coast, Marlborough, where a few scattered young bushes grew in a depression just behind sand dunes in an area distant from habitations. This is a commonly cultivated sp. in many areas of the country and like many Tamarix spp. can tolerate considerable exposure to salt-laden wind".
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (Oregon) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (California) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (Washington) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Canada (except British Colombia)
Canada
Canada (country) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Ontario
Naturalized
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
United States (other states) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
USA (Florida) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 1 JUN 2011 and was last updated on 1 AUG 2011.