Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Talinum paniculatum
(Jacq.) Gaertn., Portulacaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  High risk, score: 16 (Go to the risk assessment).

Other Latin names:  Portulaca paniculatum Jacq.

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: tu ren shen

English: fame flower, jewels of Opar, pink baby's-breath, tall purslane

Fijian: varataisi

Maori (Cook Islands): pī, pī, pī ‘enua, pī ‘enua, pī ma‘uke, pī ma‘uke, pī mōrī, pī vai-rākau

Spanish: beldroega grande, came gorda, carambola, lechuga de platanera, lechuguilla, matacallos, pasto de monte, puchero

Tahitian: ‘aturi

Tongarevan (spoken): tala pī

Tongarevan (written): tara pī

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Herbs annual or perennial, 30-100 cm. Root few branched, obconic, thick, epidermis black-brown, flesh milky white. Stems branched basally, semiwoody. Leaf blade obovate or obovate-lanceolate, 5-10 x 2.5-5 cm, base narrowly cuneate, apex acute, sometimes retuse, mucronate. Panicle terminal or axillary, large, often dichotomous, long peduncled; bracts lanceolate, ca. 1 mm, membranous, apex acute. Pedicel 5-10 mm. Flowers small, 6-10 mm wide. Sepals purple-red, ovate, caducous. Petals pink or reddish purple, obovate or elliptic, 6-12 mm, apex rounded, rarely retuse. Stamens (10-) 15-20, shorter than petals. Ovary ovoid, ca. 2 mm. Style ca. 2 mm; stigma 3-lobed. Capsule subglobose, ca. 4 mm, papery. Seeds oblate, ca. 1 mm"  (Flora of China online).

"Erect, fleshy perennial herbs 3-8 dm tall.  Leaves elliptic to obovate, 3-11 cm long, 1.5-5 cm wide, apex acuminate or acute, base attenuate.  Flowers in paniculate inflorescences 20-40 cm long, pedicels slender, 10-20 cm long, bracts linear-lanceolate, ca. 3 mm long; sepals broadly elliptic to suborbicular, 2-4 mm long; petals pink to dark pink, broadly elliptic to obovate-elliptic, 3.5-4.5 mm long; stamens 5-15.  Capsules reddish, globose, ca. 3 mm long, 3-valved.  Seeds black, glossy, ca. 0.9-1.2 mm long, the surface minutely tuberculate"  (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 1075).

Habitat/ecology:  In Hawai‘i, "often cultivated and sparingly naturalized" (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 1075). In Fiji, "occurring from sea level to about 50 m elevation as a weed in villages or along roadsides" (Smith, 1981; pp. 279-280). In New Caledonia, "peu commun dans les jardins bien que cité par Jeanneney (1894)" (MacKee, 1994; p. 119).  In Papua New Guinea, "waysides, waste places, garden beds, forest edges.  Cultivated as an ornamental plant; sometimes the leaves are eaten" (Conn, 1995; p. 219).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  "Tropical America, southwestern United States, and the West Indies" (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 1075).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Cook Islands
Northern Cook Islands
Penrhyn (Tongareva) Island introduced
invasive
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Aitutaki Atoll introduced
invasive
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
‘Atiu Island introduced
invasive
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Mangaia Island introduced
invasive
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Ma‘uke Island introduced
invasive
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Ma‘uke Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Florence, J. (2004) (pp. 349-350)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Ma‘uke Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Miti‘aro Island introduced
invasive
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island introduced
invasive
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Floreana Group
Floreana Island introduced
invasive
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
San Cristóbal Group
San Cristóbal Island introduced
invasive
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Santa Cruz Group
Santa Cruz Island introduced
invasive
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Kandavu Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1981) (pp. 279-280)
Voucher cited: DA 2965
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Ovalau Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1981) (pp. 279-280)
Vouchers cited: Smith 7472, DA 17402, Gillespie 4495, Seemann 15
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Taveuni Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1981) (pp. 279-280)
Voucher cited: DA 8917
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1981) (pp. 279-280)
Voucher cited: DA 1841
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Bora Bora Island introduced
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (pp. 223-224)
Voucher cited: Grant 4989
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Bora Bora Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Florence, J. (2004) (pp. 349-350)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Bora Bora Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Vouchers cited: J. Florence 12007 (PAP), J. Florence 12126 (PAP), J. Florence 12153 (PAP)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Maiao (Maiaoiti, Mauiti, Tupuaemanu) Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Florence, J. (2004) (pp. 349-350)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Maiao (Maiaoiti, Mauiti, Tupuaemanu) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Maupiti (Maurua) Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Florence, J. (2004) (pp. 349-350)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Maupiti (Maurua) Island Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, M.-H. (1987) (p. 29)
Rare, on rock ledges at upper elevations. Vouchers cited: Raynal 17818, Morris 1 (US)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Maupiti (Maurua) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Raynal 17818 (PAP)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Moorea Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Florence, J. (2004) (pp. 349-350)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Moorea Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (pp. 223-224)
Vouchers cited: Setchell & Parks 72, BRY 26005, BRY 25468
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Florence, J. (2004) (pp. 349-350)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J.A. Pancher 661 (PAP)
Naturalisée
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 1075)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 1075)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
invasive
Oppenheimer, Hank L./Bartlett, R. T. (2000) (p. 8)
West Maui. Voucher cited: Oppenheimer H109808 (BISH)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 1075)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
invasive
cultivated
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 119)
Vouchers cited: Pancher s.n., Däniker 2859 (Z), Baumann 7432, MacKee 14713, MacKee 43766
Spontané
Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island)
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island) introduced
invasive
cultivated
Conn, Barry J., ed. (1995) (pp. 218-219)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
China
China
China (People's Republic of) introduced
invasive
cultivated
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
"Cultivated, escaping to shaded wet places".
China
China
Hong Kong introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wu, Te-lin (2001) (p. 79)
In wet places, or in thickets, cultivated or naturalized.
Colombia
Colombia
Colombia (Republic of)   Holm, Leroy/Pancho, Juan V./Herberger, James P./Plucknett, Donald L. (1979) (p. 358)
Costa Rica
Costa Rica
Costa Rica (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
El Salvador
El Salvador
El Salvador (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Guatemala
Guatemala
Guatemala (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Honduras
Honduras
Honduras (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Nicaragua
Nicaragua
Nicaragua (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Panama
Panama
Panama (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Perú
Perú
Perú (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) introduced
invasive
Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. (2009) (p. 85)
Naturalised
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
United States (other states) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 28 JUN 2004 and was last updated on 9 AUG 2011.