Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Syncarpia glomulifera
(Sm.) Nied., Myrtaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Other Latin names:  Metrosideros glomulifera Smith; Syncarpia laurifolia Tenore

Common name(s): [more details]

English: lustre wood, turpentine myrtle, turpentine tree

Habit:  tree

Description:  "Tree up to ca 40 m tall; bark fibrous, furrowed. Leaves often appearing in whorls of 4 from 2 pairs being close together; petioles 0.8-1.5 cm long; blades ovate or narrowly ovate, apex obtuse to obtusely acuminate, base cuneate to rounded, 4-10 cm X 1.3-3.5 cm, glabrous above, hoary below. Flowers 6-10 together fused into a head, heads subtended by 2-4 bracts, peduncles 1-3 cm long, heads pubescent at flowering; petals white, ca 3 mm long, pubescent. Fruiting heads 1.2-1.5 cm across" (Stanley & Ross, 1986; vol. 2, p. 200).

Habitat/ecology:  In its native range (Australia), in eucalypt communities in higher rainfall areas. In Hawai‘i, extensively planted; "reported as reproducing and escaped at least in Kamakou Preserve, Moloka‘i" (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 948).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Australia

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1929) (voucher ID: BISH 166435)
Taxon name on voucher: Syncarpia glomulifera (Sm.) Nied.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island introduced
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1985) (p. 298)
Voucher cited: DF 1095 (Damanu 209)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1965) (voucher ID: BISH 33229)
Taxon name on voucher: Syncarpia glomulifera (Sm.) Nied.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2000) (p. 94)
"Potential invader".
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 948)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island introduced
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 948)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Lāna‘i Island introduced
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 948)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Oppenheimer, Hank L. (2003) (p. 16)
West Maui. Vouchers cited: Oppenheimer H119912 (BISH), Oppenheimer, R. Platz & C. Hill H30114 (BISH, PTBG)
Sparingly naturalized.
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Moloka‘i Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 948)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Moloka‘i Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Oppenheimer, Hank (2010) (p. 37)
Voucher cited: Oppenheimer H90822 (BISH, PTBG)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 948)
New Zealand (offshore islands)
Kermadec Islands
Raoul Island introduced
cultivated
Sykes, W. R. (1977) (p. 120)
Relic of cultivation.
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
New South Wales native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Australia
Australia (continental)
Queensland native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
China
China
Hong Kong introduced
cultivated
Wu, Te-lin (2001) (p. 164)

Comments:  Used in forestry plantings. Naturalizing in Tahiti and Hawai‘i.


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This page was created on 1 JAN 1999 and was last updated on 28 AUG 2010.