Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Solanum quitoense
Lam., Solanaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  High risk, score: 11 (Go to the risk assessment)

Common name(s): [more details]

English: naranjilla

French: morelle de Quito, naranjille, orange de Quito

Spanish: lulo, naranjilla

Habit:  shrub

Description:  "Robust shrub 1-2 m high, the young branches terete, stout, succulent, becoming soft-woody with age; stems, inflorescences, calyces and corollas densely stellate-pilose, rays per hair few; leaves angular or regularly sinuate-lobate, generally ovate, 27-34 cm long, 20-24 cm wide, petioles 5-8 cm long, apices acute, bases cordate, stellate-pubescent above and below; inflorescences cymose, lateral, very short-pedunculate, about 2.5 cm long, few-flowered; pedicels 3-10 mm long, densely purple-stellate-pilose; flower buds orbicular to obovoid, 12-14 mm long; calyx lobed half to two-thirds the way to base, the ovate-lanceolate lobes thick, acute, pubescent within only near tip; corolla barely exserted from calyx at anthesis, thick, white, about 2 cm across; anthers attenuate, with small apical pores, 7-8 mm long; ovary tomentose, the rays of hairs long, septate; style glabrous or sparsely pubescent; fruit about 5 cm in diameter, orange-colored when ripe, pubescence deciduous; seeds about 4 mm in diameter"  (Wiggins & Porter, 1971; pp. 480-481).

Habitat/ecology:  In the Galápagos Islands, "occasional along trails in the Miconia Zone (Isla Santa Cruz) and on southeast side of main crater (San Salvador [Santiago]), almost certainly introduced by settlers" (Wiggins & Porter, 1971; pp. 480-481).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Colombia, Ecuador and Peru (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Floreana Group
Floreana Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Isabela Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Volcán Sierra Negra, Isabela Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
San Cristóbal Group
San Cristóbal Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Santa Cruz Group
Santa Cruz Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Santiago Group
Santiago Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Fatu Hiva Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Cultivée
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Cultivée
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island   Fosberg, F. R. (1997) (p. 143)
S. quitense [sic]
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Cultivée
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Wagner, W. L./ Herbst, D. R./Weitzman, A./Lorence, D.H. (2013)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Colombia
Colombia
Colombia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Ecuador (Mainland)
Ecuador
Ecuador (Republic of) (continental) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Perú
Perú
Perú (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)


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This page was created on 19 JUN 2004 and was last updated on 1 SEP 2012.