Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Solanum furcatum
Dunal, Solanaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Common name(s): [more details]

English: forked nightshade

Spanish: gapichinia

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Glabrous or nearly, the herbaceous upper stems subdichotomous, angulate; leaves ovate, dentate, glabrous; racemes furcate. As to Peru: becoming a tall or sprawling (sometimes 2 meters) halfshrub, the flowering branches or stems, usually once-forked inflorescences and leaves beneath more or less densely puberulent with simple or slightly furcate mostly appressed trichomes, often absent, or mostly, in age; leaves usually ovate, acute but often rather rounded at base, abruptly and shortly or scarcely decurrent, varying from a few cm. to rarely a dm. or so long, about half as wide, entire, undulate-repand or weakly repand-dentate; peduncles lateral, ordinarily 2-several cm. long and forked, frequently fewer than 10-flowered; pedicels crowded or subumbellate, recurved in fruit, usually a cm. long, nearly that in flower; calyx lobes obtuse or subacute, minute or small, in fruit broadly ovate, somewhat accrescent; corolla rotatestellate, white or purplish, exserted, slightly puberulent below as unequal filaments; anthers 2.5- about 3 mm. long; berry finally 5-7 cm. in diameter, not persisting after maturity, 7-34-seeded and with many large stone cells"  (MacBride, 1962; 13(5B/1):168-169).

Habitat/ecology:  In California (U.S.), "Open, often disturbed places, less than 200 m"  (Jepson Manual online).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Chile, Ecuador, Peru (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
invasive
Atkinson, Rachel/Sawyer, John (2011)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
invasive
Danton, Philippe/Perrier, Christophe/Martinez Reyes, Guido (2006) (p. 557)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más Afuera (Alejandro Selkirk Island) introduced
invasive
Atkinson, Rachel/Sawyer, John (2011)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más Afuera (Alejandro Selkirk Island) introduced
invasive
Danton, Philippe/Perrier, Christophe/Martinez Reyes, Guido (2006) (p. 557)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Santa Clara introduced
invasive
Atkinson, Rachel/Sawyer, John (2011)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Santa Clara introduced
invasive
Danton, Philippe/Perrier, Christophe/Martinez Reyes, Guido (2006) (p. 557)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Chile (continental)
Chile
Chile (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Ecuador (Mainland)
Ecuador
Ecuador (Republic of) (continental) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Baja California
Naturalized
Perú
Perú
Perú (Republic of) native
Macbride, J. Francis (1936) (pp. 13(5B/1):168-169)
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (Oregon) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (California) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 16 DEC 2010 and was last updated on 30 DEC 2010.