Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Sisymbrium officinale
(L.) Scop., Brassicaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: zuan guo da suan jie

English: hairy hedge mustard, hedge mustard, hedge tumblemustard, hedgeweed, wild mustard

French: herbe aux chantres, sisymbre officinal, vélar

Japanese: kakine-garashi

Spanish: erisimo oficinal, erísmo, hierba de la sabiduría, hierba de los cantores, hierba de San Alberto, mostacilla

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Erect, unbranched to many-branched annual herbs, hirsute at least below.  Leaves lyrate-pinnatifid to pinnately divided, 7-15 cm long, usually 3-7 cm wide, the segments coarsely dentate, upper leaves smaller, lanceolate to hastate.  Pedicels stout, erect, ca. 2 mm long in fruit; sepals ca. 2 mm long, sparsely hirsute; petals pale yellow, ca. 3 mm long.  Siliques subulate, strictly erect and appressed to the stem, 1-2 cm long, hirsute or glabrous.  Seeds ca. 1 mm long"  (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 413).

Habitat/ecology:  In Hawai‘i, "naturalized in cultivated land and pastures"  (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 413).  "In Chile this species grows in the following environmental conditions:  Medium altitude up to the timber line; low altitude, interior valleys; coastal mountains, 500-2000 m; coastal areas, 0-500 m.  Somewhat dry areas where the drought may last 3-5 months. Precipitations of 400-800 mm. are concentrated in winter.  Some shadow. Some protection against direct sunlight, some shadow from vegetation, filtering about 20-40% of light"  (Chileflora).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  "Europe, now widely naturalized" (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 413).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia (Pacific offshore islands)
Lord Howe Island
Lord Howe Island introduced
invasive
Orchard, Anthony E., ed. (1994) (p. 19)
"A common and widespread weed of disturbed and open ground". Vouchers cited: 1920, J.L.Boorman (NSW); J.D. McComish 169 (NSW)
Australia (Pacific offshore islands)
Norfolk Islands
Norfolk Island introduced
invasive
Orchard, Anthony E., ed. (1994) (p. 8)
"A common and widespread weed of disturbed and open ground". Vouchers cited: W.R. Sykes NI162 (CHR); 1902, J.H. Maiden & J.L. Boorman (NSW)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
Skottsberg, Carl (1953) (p. 218)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
invasive
Atkinson, Rachel/Sawyer, John (2011)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
invasive
cultivated
Danton, Philippe/Perrier, Christophe/Martinez Reyes, Guido (2006) (p. 557)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Santa Clara introduced
invasive
Atkinson, Rachel/Sawyer, John (2011)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 413)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 413)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Lāna‘i Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 413)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 413)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Moloka‘i Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 413)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
Frohlich, Danielle/Lau, Alex (2008) (p. 4)
Voucher cited: Iott s.n. (BISH 726889)
Japan (offshore islands)
Ogasawara (Bonin) Islands
Bonin (Ogasawara) Islands introduced
Kato, Hidetoshi (2007)
Var. leiocarpum DC.
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 45)
New Zealand (offshore islands)
Kermadec Islands
Kermadec Islands introduced
invasive
Webb, C. J./Sykes, W. R./Garnock-Jones, P. J. (1988) (p. 446)
"Roadsides, shelter belts, waste land".
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Australia (continental)   Hafliger, Toni J./Wolf, Matthias (1988) (p. 204)
Chile (continental)
Chile
Chile (Republic of) introduced
invasive
Belov, Michail (2013)
China
China
China (People's Republic of)   Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Roadsides, fields, pastures, waste grounds, deserts; near sea level to 1500 m. Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Xizang.
Japan
Japan
Japan (country)   Hafliger, Toni J./Wolf, Matthias (1988) (p. 206)
Japan
Japan
Japan (country) introduced
Mito, Toshikazu/Uesugi, Tetsuro (2004) (p. 183)
var. officinale and var. letocarpum DC.
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States)   Hafliger, Toni J./Wolf, Matthias (1988) (p. 204)
New Zealand
New Zealand
New Zealand (country) introduced
invasive
Webb, C. J./Sykes, W. R./Garnock-Jones, P. J. (1988) (p. 446)
"Roadsides, shelter belts, waste land".


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 4 MAR 2007 and was last updated on 8 JAN 2011.