Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Sidastrum paniculatum
(L.) Fryx., Malvaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Other Latin names:  Sida paniculata L.

Common name(s): [more details]

English: cadillo liso

Marquesan: puehu, puehu pare

Tahitian: hapaoa

Habit:  shrub

Description:  "Herbs or shrubs 1-3 m tall, yellowish to brownish stellate pubescent.  Leaf blades discolorous, lanceolate to ovate, 3-12 cm long, base subcordate to truncate, petioles shorter than blades.  Flowers in open, leafy, diffuse panicles, peduncles and pedicels capillary, calyx rotate, 5-7 mm in diameter; corolla purplish red, sometimes orangish red apically, reflexed, petals 3-5 mm long; staminal column purplish, 2.5-3 mm long, pubescent; anthers 10 or more on spreading filaments.  Mericarps 5, straw-colored, ovoid-trigonous, 2-3 mm long, acute or 2-beaked apically, tuberculate dorsally, striate-reticulate laterally, stellate pubescent.  Seeds brown, ca. 1.5 mm long, glabrous or sparsely pubescent"  (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 901).

Habitat/ecology:  In Hawai‘i, "reported as naturalized and common in fields and disturbed sites" (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 901).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  "Native to the New World tropics and subtropics, the Caribbean, and the Galápagos and Marquesas Islands" (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 901).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Chile (offshore islands)
Rapa Nui (Easter) Island
Rapa Nui (Easter) Island (Isla de Pasqua) introduced
Skottsberg, Carl (1953) (p. 81)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Floreana Group
Floreana Island introduced
invasive
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Volcán Cerro Azul, Isabela Island introduced
invasive
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
San Cristóbal Group
San Cristóbal Island introduced
invasive
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J. (2004) (pp. 248-251)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1974) (voucher ID: PTBG 8902)
Taxon name on voucher: Sidastrum paniculatum
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J. (2004) (pp. 248-251)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Vouchers cited: J. Florence 4096 (PAP), J. Florence 7304 (PAP), B.G. Decker 266 (PAP), H.S. MacKee (legit J.-F. Cherrier) 44714 (PAP), B. Toutain 4244 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1964) (voucher ID: PTBG 23661)
Taxon name on voucher: Sidastrum paniculatum
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1964) (voucher ID: PTBG 23663)
Taxon name on voucher: Sidastrum paniculatum
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1964) (voucher ID: PTBG 23664)
Taxon name on voucher: Sidastrum paniculatum
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Tahuata (Tuhuata) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J. (2004) (pp. 248-251)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Tahuata (Tuhuata) Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Tahuata (Tuhuata) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: S.P. Perlman , K.R. Wood & J.-P. Luce 15946 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Tahuata (Tuhuata) Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1997) (voucher ID: PTBG 26846)
Taxon name on voucher: Sidastrum paniculatum (L.) Fryx.
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Huka (Huahuna, Uahuka) Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Huka (Huahuna, Uahuka) Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2004) (voucher ID: PTBG 42236)
Taxon name on voucher: Sidastrum paniculatum (L.) Fryx.
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Pou (Huapu, Uapou, Uapu) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J. (2004) (pp. 248-251)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Pou (Huapu, Uapou, Uapu) Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Pou (Huapu, Uapou, Uapu) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Vouchers cited: J. Florence 4426 (PAP), K.R. Wood, S.P. Perlman & J.-P. Kautai 6505 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J. (2004) (pp. 248-251)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 901)
Voucher cited: Faurie 890 (BISH)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Lāna‘i Island introduced
invasive
Oppenheimer, Hank (2011) (p. 8)
Voucher cited: Oppenheimer H30917 (BISH, PTBG)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Islands   Swarbrick, John T. (1997) (p. 96)
as Sida paniculata L.
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
invasive
Tassin, Jacques (2005)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 99)
as Sida paniculata L. Vouchers cited: MacKee 25190, MacKee 32479
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Upolu Island   Whistler, W. A. (1988) (p. 29)
as Sida paniculata L.; Uncommon.
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Colombia
Colombia
Colombia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Ecuador (Mainland)
Ecuador
Ecuador (Republic of) (continental) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Guatemala
Guatemala
Guatemala (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Panama
Panama
Panama (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Perú
Perú
Perú (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)

Comments:  "Uncommon in Samoa" (Whistler, 1988; p. 29).

Probably not native to the Galápagos Islands, possibly introduced, per Charles Darwin Research Station.


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This page was created on 23 JUN 2004 and was last updated on 25 OCT 2006.