Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Sida ciliaris
L., Malvaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Common name(s): [more details]

English: bracted fanpetals, fringed fanpetals

French: balai-trois-heures, petit balai

Spanish: escoba peluda, escoba pestañosa, huinar

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Low-growing perennial herb, somewhat woody at the base.  Leaves alternate, simple; blade oblong to obovate, 6-15 mm long, lower surface covered with long stellate hairs, margins serrate.  Flowers axillary, solitary; corolla reddish pink, with yellow at the base, somewhat rotate with 5 lobes, lobes ca. 5 mm long; stamens numerous, united in a tubular column, yellow; style branches reddish plink.  Fruit a schizocarp, depressed ovate, 5 mm across, with 6 sections, each with 2 short awns on top; seed 1 per section, dark brown"  (McMullen, 1999; p. 225).

Habitat/ecology:  Coastal zone and arid lowlands in the Galápagos Islands (McMullen, 1999; p. 225).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Florida, Texas, Mexico, Central America, South America (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Floreana Group
Floreana Island introduced
invasive
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Isabela Island introduced
invasive
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Volcán Alcedo, Isabela Island introduced
invasive
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Volcán Sierra Negra, Isabela Island introduced
invasive
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
San Cristóbal Group
San Cristóbal Island introduced
invasive
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Santa Cruz Group
Baltra Island introduced
invasive
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Santa Cruz Group
Santa Cruz Island introduced
invasive
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaho‘olawe Island introduced
invasive
Starr, Forest/Starr, Kim/Loope, Lloyd L. (2006) (p. 36)
Voucher cited: Starr, Starr, Higashino & Abbott 041013-1 (BISH)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island introduced
invasive
Staples, George W./Imada, Clyde T./Herbst, Derral R. (2003) (pp. 14-15)
Vouchers cited: W. Char et al. s.n. (BISH 683118), W. Char 20.031 (BISH), T. Flynn 6793 (BISH, MO, NY, PTBG, US)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Lāna‘i Island introduced
invasive
Oppenheimer, Hank (2007) (p. 26)
Voucher cited: Oppenheimer H100640 (BISH, PTBG)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
invasive
Oppenheimer, Hank L./Bartlett, R. T. (2000) (p. 6)
West Maui. Voucher cited: Oppenheimer H89923 (BISH)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
invasive
Starr, Forest/Starr, Kim/Loope, Lloyd L. (2004) (p. 24)
East Maui. Voucher cited: Starr & Martz 011123-1 (BISH)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Moloka‘i Island introduced
invasive
Oppenheimer, Hank (2008) (p. 30)
Voucher cited: Oppenheimer H20712 (BISH, PTBG)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Shannon, Robynn K./Herbst, Derral R. (1997) (pp. 59-60)
Vouchers cited: Whistler s.n. (BISH), Imada & Char s.n. (BISH), E. Funk s.n. (BISH), Herbst 9373 (BISH), Nagata 4250 (BISH)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Colombia
Colombia
Colombia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Costa Rica
Costa Rica
Costa Rica (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Ecuador (Mainland)
Ecuador
Ecuador (Republic of) (continental) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Guatemala
Guatemala
Guatemala (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Nicaragua
Nicaragua
Nicaragua (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Panama
Panama
Panama (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Perú
Perú
Perú (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)

Comments:  Probably not native to the Galápagos Islands, possibly introduced, per Charles Darwin Research Station.


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This page was created on 23 JUN 2004 and was last updated on 25 OCT 2006.