Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Setaria flavida
(Retz.) Veldkamp, Poaceae
No images for this taxon


Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Other Latin names:  Panicum flavidum Retz.; Paspalidium flavidum (Retz.) A. Camus

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: lei que bai

Habit:  grass

Description:  "Habit: Perennial; caespitose. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 30-100 cm long. Culm-nodes glabrous. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades 5-20 cm long; 4-8 mm wide. Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 4-9; borne along a central axis; distant; appressed; unilateral; 1-3 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 15-30 cm long. Rhachis narrowly winged; angular; terminating in a barren extension; extension flattened. Spikelet packing abaxial; crowded; regular; 2 -rowed. Spikelets spreading; solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile. Fertile spikelets: Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; gibbous; acute; 2.5-3 mm long; falling entire. Glumes similar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume orbicular; 0.33-0.66 times length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 3 -veined. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume orbicular; 0.66-0.75 times length of spikelet; cartilaginous; without keels; 7 -veined. Upper glume apex obtuse. Florets: Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; 1 times length of spikelet; cartilaginous; 5 -veined; obtuse. Fertile lemma ovate; laterally compressed; gibbous; 2.5-3 mm long; indurate; without keel. Lemma surface granulose and striate. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex acute. Palea reflexed at apex; indurate. Flower: Anthers 3; 2-2.2 mm long"  (GrassBase).

Habitat/ecology:  In China (native), "roadsides, field edges, moist open places; 100-1500 m"  (Flora of China online).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Mauritius; Reunion, China, southern and southeastern Asia, Australia (Queensland) and the Solomon Islands (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Weno (Moen) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 53)
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 53)
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Queensland native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Cambodia
Cambodia
Cambodia (Kingdom of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
China
China
China (People's Republic of) native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
As Paspalidium flavidum (Retzius) A. Camus. Guangdong, Guizhou, Hainan, Yunnan.
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia (country of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Taiwan
Taiwan Island
Taiwan Island native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
As Paspalidium flavidum (Retzius) A. Camus
Thailand
Thailand
Thailand (Kingdom of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Vietnam
Vietnam
Vietnam (Socialist Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
La Réunion (France)
La Réunion Island
La Réunion Island native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Mauritius
Mautitius Islands (Mauritius and Rodrigues)
Mauritius Island native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 8 FEB 2007 and was last updated on 22 APR 2011.