Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Sesbania sesban
(L.) Merr., Fabaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  High risk, score: 11 (Go to the risk assessment)

Other Latin names:  Aeschynomene sesban L.; Sesban aegyptiacus Poir.; Sesbania aegyptiaca (Poir.) Pers.

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: yin du tian jing

English: common sesban, Egyptian rattlepod, Egyptian riverhemp, Egyptian sesban, sesban, sesbania

Habit:  shrub

Description:  "Erect shrubs usually 2-3 (-6) m tall; older stems glabrate.  Leaflets 20-40, 15-20 (-30) mm long, 5-10 (-15) mm wide, sparsely pubescent, glabrate with age, apex obtuse to truncate, apiculate or slightly emarginate-mucronate, base obtuse, oblique.  Flowers 4-13 in racemes 5-12 cm long, rachis and pedicels pubescent when young, glabrate with age; calyx green or mottled purple, 5-6 mm long, villous within, sometimes sparely so; corolla yellow, standard often purple-spotted, 15-20 mm long, wings 12-17 mm long, keel slightly shorter.  Pods 10-23 cm long, 0.3-0.4 cm wide, twisted when young, tardily dehiscent.  Seeds 20-30, ca. 4 mm long, 2-3 mm wide"  (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 704).

Habitat/ecology:  In Hawai‘i, "naturalized in pastures and other disturbed areas, 10-60 m" (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 704).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Africa, Asia and Australia; widely cultivated and naturalized in the tropics (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 704)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 704)
Voucher cited: Ewart III s.n. (BISH)
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands introduced
invasive
Merrill, Elmer D. (1923) (p. 282)
Occasional; a recent introduction.
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Northern Territory native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Australia
Australia (continental)
Queensland native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Cambodia
Cambodia
Cambodia (Kingdom of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
China
China
China (People's Republic of) possibly native
invasive
cultivated
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
"Cultivated and sometimes naturalized in wastelands, roadsides, riversides, mountain slopes, streamsides; below 300-1300 m. Guangdong, Hainan, Yunnan".
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia (country of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Taiwan
Taiwan Island
Taiwan Island possibly native
invasive
cultivated
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
"Cultivated and sometimes naturalized in wastelands, roadsides, riversides, mountain slopes, streamsides; below 300-1300 m".
Thailand
Thailand
Thailand (Kingdom of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Vietnam
Vietnam
Vietnam (Socialist Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
La Réunion (France)
La Réunion Island
La Réunion Island introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
India (Indian Ocean offshore islands)
Nicobar Islands
Nicobar Islands introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Mauritius
Mautitius Islands (Mauritius and Rodrigues)
Mauritius Island introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Mauritius
Mautitius Islands (Mauritius and Rodrigues)
Rodrigues Island introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)


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This page was created on 28 DEC 2006 and was last updated on 15 DEC 2010.