Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Schenkia spicata
Gentianaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Other Latin names:  Centaurium spicatum (L.) Fritsch; Gentiana spicata L.

Common name(s): [more details]

English: spiked centaury

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Stem strictly upright, 1-4 dm high; the flowers sessile and scattered along one side of the simple or rarely forked spiciform branches; leaves oval and oblong, rounded at base, acutish, tube of the rose-colored or whitish corolla scarcely longer than the calyx, the lobes oblong"  (Fernald, 1950; p. 1157).

Habitat/ecology:  In New Caledonia, "pourrait être indigène, comme il en donne l'impression aujourd'hui, mais ne semble pas avoir été récolte avant 1850. Maintenant très répandu à basse altitude sur la Grande-Terre et aux Iles" (MacKee, 1994; p. 55).

"Borders of sandy salt-marshes" in northeastern US (Fernald, 1950; p. 1157).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Europe and Asia (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
New Caledonia
Îles Loyauté (Loyalte Islands)
Île Lifou possibly native
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 55)
Vouchers cited: Deplanche 990, Balansa 1759, MacKee 27206
New Caledonia
Îles Loyauté (Loyalte Islands)
Île Maré possibly native
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 55)
Voucher cited: Sarasin 427
New Caledonia
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Islands   Swarbrick, John T. (1997) (p. 89)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Balabio possibly native
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 55)
Voucher cited: MacKee 29304
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
Gargominy, Oliver/Bouchet, Philipe/Pascal, Michel/Jaffre, Tanguy/Tourneu, Jean-Christophe (1996) (p. 380)
Possibly indigenous.
Très répandu à basse altitude sur la Grande-Terre et aux Iles; pourrait être indigène.
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre possibly native
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 55)
Vouchers cited: Vieillard 590, MacKee 18069, MacKee 27693, MacKee 27962, MacKee 37317
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île des Pins (Isle of Pines) possibly native
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 55)
Vouchers cited: Pancher 591, MacKee 23584
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
United States (other states) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
Deleware, Massachusetts, Maryland, Virginia


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This page was created on 23 MAY 2017 and was last updated on 2 JUN 2017.