Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Schefflera heptaphylla
(L.) Frodin, Araliaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  Evaluate, score: 4 (Go to the risk assessment)

Other Latin names:  Heptapleurum octophyllum (Lour.) Benth. ex Hance; Paratropia cantoniensis Hook. & Arn.; Schefflera atrifoliata R.H. Miao; Schefflera octophylla (Lour.) Harms; Schefflera rubriflora C.J. Tseng & C. Ho; Vitis heptaphylla L.

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: e zhang chai

Japanese: fuka-no-ki

Habit:  tree

Description:  "Trees, to 15 m tall, andromonoecious. Petiole (5-) 10-30 cm; petiolules 1.5-5 cm; leaflets 6-9 (-11), elliptic to oblong-elliptic or obovate-elliptic, 7-18 x 3-5 cm, papery to leathery, densely stellate pubescent when young, glabrescent except on midvein and in axils of veins, secondary veins 7-10 pairs, tertiary veins inconspicuous, base attenuate or cuneate to obtuse or rounded, margin entire, often serrate or pinnately lobed on young plants, apex abruptly acute to acuminate. Inflorescence a terminal panicle of umbels, densely stellate tomentose, glabrescent; primary axis to 35 cm; secondary axes 25 (-35) cm, with a terminal umbel of bisexual flowers and several to many lateral umbels of bisexual or more often male flowers, usually also with 1 to several bisexual flowers borne just below apical umbel; pedicels 4-5 mm. Calyx pubescent at first, entire or 5- or 6-toothed. Ovary 5-9 (or 10)-carpellate; styles united into a thick column less than 1.5 mm. Fruit globose, ca. 5 mm in diameter, inconspicuously angled when dry; styles persistent, to ca. 1.5 mm"  (Flora of China online).

Habitat/ecology:  In China (native), "evergreen broad-leaved forests on mountain slopes; 100-2100 m"  (Flora of China online).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  "India, China, Japan, Thailand, Vietnam"  (Flora of China online).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Imada, Clyde T./Staples, George W./Herbst, Derral R. (2013)
Voucher cited: Herbst 9604 (BISH) "This species escapes all over the garden and is becoming weedy".
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Frohlich, Danielle/Lau, Alex (2012) (pp. 28-29)
Vouchers cited: D. Herbst 9604 (BISH), C. Daehler 1202 (BISH), OED 2011102701 (BISH)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island   Bishop Museum (U.S.A. Hawaii. Honolulu.) (1992) (voucher ID: BISH 627916)
Taxon name on voucher: Schefflera heptaphylla (L.) Frodin
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
China
China
China (People's Republic of) native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Japan
Japan
Japan (country) native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Japan
Ryukyu Islands
Ryukyu Islands native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Thailand
Thailand
Thailand (Kingdom of) native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Vietnam
Vietnam
Vietnam (Socialist Republic of) native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 25 OCT 2010 and was last updated on 26 DEC 2011.