Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

  [   PIER species lists  ]   [   PIER home  ]

Sandoricum koetjape
(Burm.f.) Merr., Meliaceae
Click on an image for links to BIGGER PICTURES


Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  Evaluate, score: 1 (Go to the risk assessment)

Other Latin names:  Melia koetjape Burm. f.; Sandoricum indicum Cav.

Common name(s): [more details]

English: kechapi, red santol, sentol, wild mangosteen

French: faux mangoustan, sandorique

Pohnpeian: santol

Tagalog: santol

Habit:  tree

Description:  "A fast-growing, straight-trunked , pale-barked tree 50 to 150 ft [15-45 m] tall, branched close to the ground and buttressed when old.  Young branchlets are densely brown-hairy.  The evergreen, or very briefly deciduous, spirally-arranged leaves are compound, with 3 leaflets, elliptic to oblong-ovate, 4 to 10 in [20-25 cm] long, blunt at the base and pointed at the apex.  The greenish, yellowish, or pinkish-yellow, 5-petalled flowers, about 3/8 in [1 cm] long are borne on the young branchlets in loose, stalked panicles 6 to 12 in [15-30 cm] in length.  The fruit (technically a capsule) is globose or oblate, with wrinkles extending a short distance from the base, 1 1/2 to 3 in [4-7.5 cm] wide; yellowish to golden, sometimes blushed with pink.  The downy rind may be thin or thick and contains a thin, milky juice.  It is edible, as is the white, translucent, juicy pulp (aril), sweet, subacid or sour, surrounding the 3 to 5 brown, inedible seeds which are up to 3/4 in [2 cm] long, tightly clinging or sometimes free from the pulp" (Starr, Starr & Loope, 2004; p. 24).

Habitat/ecology:  In Hawai‘i (Maui), spreading from plantations  (Starr, Starr & Loope, 2004; p. 24).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  "India to the East Indies" (Starr, Starr & Loope, 2004; p. 24).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island introduced
cultivated
Herrera, Katherine/Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy/Balick, Michael J. (2010) (p. 112)
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
cultivated
Stone, Benjamin C. (1970) (p. 358)
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 128)
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1966) (voucher ID: PTBG 23594)
Taxon name on voucher: Sandoricum koetjape
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Starr, Forest/Starr, Kim/Loope, Lloyd L. (2004) (p. 24)
Vouchers cited: East Maui: Starr & Martz 020130-1 (BISH); West Maui: Oppenheimer & Bartlett H70302 (BISH)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island   Bishop Museum (U.S.A. Hawaii. Honolulu.) (1974) (voucher ID: BISH 405207)
Taxon name on voucher: Sandoricum koetjape (Burm.f.) Merr.
Nauru
Nauru Island
Nauru Island introduced
Thaman, R. R./Fosberg, F. R./Manner, H. I./Hassall, D. C. (1994) (pp. 169-170)
Not found in 1981, perhaps extinct.
Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island)
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands possibly introduced
invasive
cultivated
Merrill, Elmer D. (1923) (p. 361)
Planted and semicultivated, abundant in some second-growth forests. Perhaps an introduced species, but now thoroughly established.
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia (country of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) native
Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. (2009) (p. 77)
Endangered


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

  [   PIER species lists  ]   [   PIER home  ]

This page was created on 13 FEB 2010 and was last updated on 19 OCT 2011.