Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Sanchezia parvibracteata
Sprague & Hutchinson, Acanthaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Common name(s): [more details]

English: sanchezia, shrubby whitevein

Spanish: espinazo de pescado

Tongan: moa

Habit:  shrub

Description:  "A large suffrutescent herb; stems smooth, subquadrangular, the angles rounded; leaf blades oblanceolate, up to 26 cm long and 7 cm wide or more, acuminate, subfalcate, narrowed at base and decurrent on the petiole, glabrous, undulate or shallowly dentate, puncticulate above, the costa and lateral veins (11 or 12 pairs) prominent beneath, the cystoliths on both surfaces numerous, about 0.5 mm long; inflorescence a sparingly branched terminal panicle up to 16 cm long, and 3 to 4 cm broad, the fascicles usually several-flowered, sessile, subsecund, the bracts subtending them triangular-ovate, subconnate, 10 to 12 mm long, about 6 mm wide at base, the bracts subtending the flowers ovate, up to 16 cm long and about 9 mm wide, obtusish, glabrous, ciliolate; bractlets oblanceolate, 15 mm long, about 4 mm wide, sparingly puberulent without, ciliolate, both bracts and bractlets firm, green or yellowish toward tip; calyx 2 cm long, the segments oblanceolate, 4 to 6 mm wide, acutish, glabrous proximally, puberulous distally, ciliolate, yellow; corolla ochre, 4 to 5 cm long, about 5 mm broad immediately above the ovary, about 10 mm in diameter at throat, rather densely pubescent distally with yellowish retrorsely curved hairs, the lower portion glabrous, the lobes oblong, about 6 mm long and 4 mm wide, emarginate; stamens exserted 7 to 8 mm beyond mouth of corolla, the filaments tomentose at and above the insertion, thence sparingly pilose (the hairs up to 1.5 mm long), but distally glabrous, the anthers 6 mm long, 2.5 mm broad, the sacs pubescent, the basal lobes ending in subulate spreading spurs about 1 mm long; staminodes 15 mm long, sparingly pilose, ovary and style glabrous; capsule not seen" (Leonard, 1958; pp. 56-57).

Habitat/ecology:  A shade-loving shrub (to ca. 5 m tall). Can form dense thickets which exclude most other vegetation. Wet tropical areas, particularly along stream margins (Csurhes and Edwards, 1998; p. 128).

Propagation:  Reproduces from small fragments and can be spread by flowing water. Suckers profusely.

Native range:  Tropical South America.

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Aitutaki Atoll introduced
cultivated
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 15)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
‘Atiu Island introduced
cultivated
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 15)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 15)
Voucher: Flynn 6997 (PTBG, BISH, US)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2002) (voucher ID: PTBG 341)
Taxon name on voucher: Sanchezia parvibracteata
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island introduced
cultivated
Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy (2010) (p. 11)
"Potentially invasive".
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island introduced
cultivated
Herrera, Katherine/Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy/Balick, Michael J. (2010) (p. 65)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
cultivated
Imada, Clyde T./Staples, George W./Herbst, Derral R. (2013) (p. Voucher specimen)
Voucher cited: Cuddihy 526 (BISH 656064)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Parker, James L./Parsons, Bobby (2012) (p. 55)
Voucher cited: J. Parker & R. Parsons BIED47 (BISH)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island introduced
cultivated
Imada, Clyde T./Staples, George W./Herbst, Derral R. (2013) (p. Voucher specimen)
Voucher cited: Herbst 5696 (BISH 415738)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
cultivated
Imada, Clyde T./Staples, George W./Herbst, Derral R. (2013) (p. Voucher specimens)
Voucher cited: Woolford 281 (BISH 40292)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
invasive
cultivated
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 9)
Vouchers cited: MacKee 9952, MacKee 11859
Spontané
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
cultivated
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara M./Newfield, Melanie/Bull, Cate (2004) (p. 46)
Matavai Resort
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island introduced
cultivated
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 86)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Lorence, David H./LaRosa, Anne Marie (2009) (p. 21)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island introduced
cultivated
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 82)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island introduced
cultivated
Space, James C./Lorence, David H./LaRosa, Anne Marie (2009) (p. 21)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Malakal (Ngemelachel) Island introduced
cultivated
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 82)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Ngerkebesang Island introduced
cultivated
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 82)
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island introduced
cultivated
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2001) (p. 56)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Queensland introduced
invasive
cultivated
Csurhes, S./Edwards, R. (1998) (p. 128)
Colombia
Colombia
Colombia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Costa Rica
Costa Rica
Costa Rica (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Ecuador (Mainland)
Ecuador
Ecuador (Republic of) (continental) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
El Salvador
El Salvador
El Salvador (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Guatemala
Guatemala
Guatemala (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Honduras
Honduras
Honduras (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Nicaragua
Nicaragua
Nicaragua (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Panama
Panama
Panama (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Perú
Perú
Perú (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)


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This page was created on 1 JAN 1999 and was last updated on 22 OCT 2006.