Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Rumex pulcher
L., Polygonaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results: 

Reject, score: 16 (Go to the risk assessment (Australia))
Reject, score: 11 (Go to the risk assessment (U.S. (Florida)))

Common name(s): [more details]

English: fiddle dock, red dock

French: parelle violon, patience violon, rumex violon

Spanish: aceda de culebra, acedera de hojas, mollerosa, partidas, romaza común, romaza silvestre, romaza violín

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Lower leaves small, somewhat crisped marginally, cordate at the base, often pubescent; branches of the panicle very divergent, often intricate in fruit; flower verticels partly with leaves, all remote; pedicels thick, not longer than the fruit, jointed at the middle; valves toothed, 4.5-6 mm long, 2.5-4.5 mm wide, usually all bearing a grain, but the grains often unequal in size; achenes 3-4 mm long, broadest a little below the middle."  (Standley, 1937; 13(2/2):449).

Habitat/ecology:  In Western Australia, "a common weed of pastures, waterways and wasteland" (Hussey et al., 1997). In New Zealand, "pastures, waste places, roadsides, railway yards and other habitats near settlements" (Webb et al., 1988; p. 985).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Mediterranean Basin (Standley, 1937; 13(2/2):449).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
Skottsberg, Carl (1953) (p. 216)
Common, southwest part.
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
invasive
Atkinson, Rachel/Sawyer, John (2011)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
invasive
Danton, Philippe/Perrier, Christophe/Martinez Reyes, Guido (2006) (p. 557)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más Afuera (Alejandro Selkirk Island) introduced
Skottsberg, Carl (1953) (p. 216)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más Afuera (Alejandro Selkirk Island) introduced
invasive
Atkinson, Rachel/Sawyer, John (2011)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más Afuera (Alejandro Selkirk Island) introduced
invasive
Danton, Philippe/Perrier, Christophe/Martinez Reyes, Guido (2006) (p. 557)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Santa Clara introduced
Skottsberg, Carl (1953) (p. 216)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Santa Clara introduced
invasive
Atkinson, Rachel/Sawyer, John (2011)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Santa Clara introduced
invasive
Danton, Philippe/Perrier, Christophe/Martinez Reyes, Guido (2006) (p. 557)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Morro Juanango introduced
invasive
Danton, Philippe/Perrier, Christophe/Martinez Reyes, Guido (2006) (p. 557)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Islands   Swarbrick, John T. (1997) (p. 96)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
invasive
Tassin, Jacques (2005)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 118)
Voucher cited: MacKee 15724
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Australia (continental)   Hafliger, Toni J./Wolf, Matthias (1988) (p. 311)
Chile (continental)
Chile
Chile (Republic of)   Hafliger, Toni J./Wolf, Matthias (1988) (p. 311)
Japan
Japan
Japan (country) introduced
Mito, Toshikazu/Uesugi, Tetsuro (2004) (p. 181)
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States)   Hafliger, Toni J./Wolf, Matthias (1988) (p. 311)
New Zealand
New Zealand
New Zealand (country) introduced
invasive
Webb, C. J./Sykes, W. R./Garnock-Jones, P. J. (1988) (p. 985)


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This page was created on 22 OCT 2002 and was last updated on 7 MAR 2010.