Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Rhaphiolepis umbellata
(Thunb.) Makino, Rosaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  Evaluate (based on second screen), score: 0 (Go to the risk assessment)

Other Latin names:  Laurus umbellata Thunb.; Rhaphiolepis japonica Siebold & Zucc.

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: hou ye shi ban mu

English: Japanese-hawthorn, round-leaf hawthorn, sexton's bride, yedda-hawthorn, yeddo hawthorn

Japanese: sharimbai

Habit:  shrub

Description:  "Rounded, bushy shrub up to c. 3 m high when mature; branches mostly spreading; young stems tomentose but soon becoming glabrous and shiny. Leaves distributed along younger stems; petiole 10-15 mm long, the upper 1/2 with tapering wing, greenish; blade coriaceous and stiff, broadly elliptic-obovate to suborbicular, 40-85 x 30-50 mm, rounded or slightly mucronate at apex, narrowly to broadly cuneate at base, pale brown tomentose at first but becoming glabrous on both surfaces, dark green and glossy above, paler below with a prominent network of veins; margins slightly recurved and entire or obscurely serrate in upper part of blade; stipules triangular, reddish. Inflorescence an erect, terminal, often ± pyramidal panicle, 40-70 mm long, with up to c. 20 flowers; pedicels 4-7-(10) mm long, stout, brown, pilose. Sepals connate at base; lobes triangular, 3-4 mm long, acute, pilose, purplish or reddish, ± erect to spreading. Petals free, spreading, obovate, (6)-7-9-(11) x 5-8 mm, blunt, white. Stamens < petals; filaments pink. Fruit obovoid or subglobose, c. 6-12 mm in diameter, purplish black"  (Webb et al., 1988; p. 1102).

Habitat/ecology:  In New Zealand, "coastal urban sites, near hedges, shrubberies, old plantations, street and road margins.  Sexton's bride was once very commonly cultivated in New Zealand and long persists in abandoned or neglected gardens"  (Webb et al., 1988; p. 1102).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  China (Zhejiang), Japan, South Korea, Taiwan; cultivated elsewhere (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia (Pacific offshore islands)
Norfolk Islands
Norfolk Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Australian Biological Resources Study (2013)
Voucher cited: R.O. Gardner 6138 (AK, K)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island   Bishop Museum (U.S.A. Hawaii. Honolulu.) (1985) (voucher ID: BISH 500193)
Taxon name on voucher: Rhaphiolepis umbellata var. umbellata
Japan (offshore islands)
Ogasawara (Bonin) Islands
Bonin (Ogasawara) Islands introduced
Toyoda, Takeshi (2003) (p. 256)
As Rhaphiolepis wrightiana Maxim. = Rhaphiolepis indica var. umbellata
Japan (offshore islands)
Ogasawara (Bonin) Islands
Bonin (Ogasawara) Islands   Kato, Hidetoshi (2007)
As Rhaphiolepis indica var. umbellata (Thunb.) H.Ohashi
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Majuro (Mãjro) Atoll introduced
cultivated
Vander Velde, Nancy (2003) (p. 118)
Two shrubs in a household garden.
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
New South Wales introduced
invasive
National Herbarium of New South Wales (2013)
Naturalised
China
China
China (People's Republic of) native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Zhejiang
Japan
Japan
Japan (country) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Japan
Ryukyu Islands
Ryukyu Islands native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
South Korea
South Korea
South Korea (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
New Zealand
New Zealand
New Zealand (country) introduced
invasive
cultivated
Webb, C. J./Sykes, W. R./Garnock-Jones, P. J. (1988) (p. 1102)
Taiwan
Taiwan Island
Taiwan Island native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 1 JUN 2011 and was last updated on 7 JUN 2011.