Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Rhaphiolepis indica
(Linnaeus) Lindley, Rosaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  Low risk (based on second screen), score: 3 (Go to the risk assessment)

Other Latin names:  Crataegus indica L.

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: shi ban mu

English: Indian hawthorn

Habit:  shrub

Description:  "Evergreen shrub. Leaves coriaceous, crowded on the top of branches, obovate to oblong-obovate, 4-5 cm long, 1.5-2 cm wide, the apex rounded or obtuse, the base cuneate-decurrent, coarsely serrate but entire toward the base; stipules caducous, lanceolate. Flowers numerous, in terminal paniculate cymes, sparsely tomentose; bracts lanceolate, 4-5 mm long, 1 mm wide, caducous; pedicels slender, 1-1.3 cm long; calyx-tube campanulate, sparsely pubescent, the lobes triangular-ovate, about 5 mm long, 2 mm wide, acute; petals white, obovate, 6-9 mm long, 4 mm wide, acute or mucronate at apex; stamens numerous. Fruit globose, 5-8 mm across, glabrous" (Li et al., 1977; pp. 92, 94).

Habitat/ecology:  In Australia, "it has naturalized in remnant bushland in Brisbane and Sydney" (Csurhes & Edwards, 1998; p. 127).

Propagation:  "Planted as a garden ornamental, it is propagated from seeds or cuttings" (Csurhes & Edwards, 1998; p. 127). Seed dispersed by fruit-eating birds (Csurhes & Edwards, 1998; p. 127).

Native range:  China, Taiwan, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Cultivée
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawaiian Islands introduced
cultivated
Staples, George W./Herbst, Derral R. (2005) (p. 478)
"Rarely cultivated in Hawai‘i"
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
New South Wales introduced
invasive
cultivated
Csurhes, S./Edwards, R. (1998) (p. 127)
Australia
Australia (continental)
Queensland introduced
invasive
cultivated
Csurhes, S./Edwards, R. (1998) (p. 127)
Taiwan
Taiwan Island
Taiwan Island native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)

Comments:  A potential invasive species in Australia (Csurhes & Edwards, 1998; p. 127).


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 4 JAN 2004 and was last updated on 11 DEC 2010.