Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Pyracantha crenatoserrata
(Hance) Rehder, Rosaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  yes

Risk assessment results:  High risk (based on second screen), score: 5 (Go to the risk assessment)

Other Latin names:  Photinia crenatoserrata Hance; Pyracantha crenulata var. yunnanensis M. Vilm. ex Mottet; Pyracantha fortuneana auct.; Pyracantha gibbsii var. yunnanensis Osborn; Pyracantha yunnanensis (P. Vilm. ex Mottet) Chitt.

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: huo ji

English: Chinese firethorn

Habit:  shrub

Description:  "Evergreen shrub to c. 2 m high; stems generally dense and ± spreading, often spine-tipped; very young stems brownish tomentose; older stems brown and shiny. Leaf petiole 2-15 mm long, channeled above, glabrate; blade 2-5.7 x 1-2.2 cm, oblanceolate to obovate, subtruncate to rounded at apex, sometimes ± mucronulate, cuneate at base, deep shining green and glabrous above, pale green and glabrous below; margins almost entire or shallowly crenate-serrate in distal 2/3. Corymbs c. 20-40 mm across; pedicels c. 5-15 mm long, shiny and with scattered hairs. Sepals rounded or very broadly ovate, c. 1 mm long, glabrous, or sometimes with a few hairs, shining, mucronulate. Petals ± suborbicular, 2.5-3.5 mm in diameter, rounded, white or almost so. Stamens slightly < petals. Fruit depressed-globose, 5-6 mm wide across top, red or orange-red, glossy"  (Webb et al., 1988; p. 1099).

Habitat/ecology:  In New Zealand, "scrub, margin of large plantations"  (Webb et al., 1988; p. 1099).

Propagation:  Seed, spread by birds (Staples, Herbst & Imada, 2000, p. 28; Webb et al., 1988, p. 1099).

Native range:  China (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Herbarium Pacificum Staff (1999) (p. 9)
Voucher cited: F. R. Bosberg 44463 (BISH)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Herbarium Pacificum Staff (1999) (p. 9)
Voucher cited: D. Lorence, T. Flynn & J. Talbot 6002 (BISH)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
China
China
China (People's Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
New Zealand
New Zealand
New Zealand (country) introduced
invasive
Webb, C. J./Sykes, W. R./Garnock-Jones, P. J. (1988) (p. 1099)
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (California) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
United States (other states) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
Alabama
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
USA (Florida) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 25 OCT 2010 and was last updated on 21 NOV 2010.