Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Ptychosperma elegans
(R.Br.) Blume, Arecaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  Evaluate, score: 2 (Go to the risk assessment)

Other Latin names:  Seaforthia elegans R. Br.

Common name(s): [more details]

English: Alexander palm, cabbage palm, solitaire palm

Habit:  tree

Description:  "Sex: Monoecious.  Trunk: To 20 ft in height, slender, up to 3-4 in. thick; very smooth and prominently ringed; surmounted by a rather short crownshaft; slightly enlarged at base.  Petiole:  Short.  Leaf:  Pinnate, to 6.5 feet long; recurved and arching, only 6 or 8 leaves on tree at one time; bases form crownshaft.  Leaflets:  2 feet long, 1-3 in. broad; about 20 pairs to each leaf; cut off and jagged at apex; bright-green, paler beneath.  Flowerstalk:  Below crownshaft; 20 in. long; very bushy and branched.  Flowers:  White; fragrant.  Fruit:  Oblong globular, 3/4 in. long; fleshy; bright red.  Seed:  Globose; with 3 deep furrows and 2 faint ones; albumen ruminate"  (McCurrach, 1960; pp. 194-195).

Habitat/ecology:  "A popular palm for tropical and subtropical regions, growing especially well on the coast" (Jones, 1995; p. 320).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  "Native to eastern Queensland, Australia, where it is prominent in coastal districts and it is also known from the Northern Territory" (Jones, 1995; p. 320).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Floreana Group
Floreana Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Isabela Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Volcán Sierra Negra, Isabela Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
San Cristóbal Group
San Cristóbal Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Santa Cruz Group
Santa Cruz Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
invasive
Meyer, Jean-Yves/Lavergne, Christophe/Hodel, Donald R. (2008) (p. 76)
Locally naturalized.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Cultivée
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawaiian Islands introduced
cultivated
Staples, George W./Herbst, Derral/Imada, Clyde T. (2000) (p. 16)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
cultivated
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 112)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Northern Territory native
Jones, David L. (1995) (p. 320)
Australia
Australia (continental)
Queensland native
Jones, David L. (1995) (p. 320)
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
La Réunion (France)
La Réunion Island
La Réunion Island introduced
cultivated
Meyer, Jean-Yves/Lavergne, Christophe/Hodel, Donald R. (2008) (p. 76)
Mauritius
Mautitius Islands (Mauritius and Rodrigues)
Mauritius Island introduced
cultivated
Meyer, Jean-Yves/Lavergne, Christophe/Hodel, Donald R. (2008) (p. 76)
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
USA (Florida) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 31 DEC 2003 and was last updated on 11 FEB 2013.