Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Pterolepis glomerata
(Rottb.) Miq., Melastomataceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  High risk, score: 11 (Go to the risk assessment)

Other Latin names:  Rhexia glomerata Rottb.

Common name(s): [more details]

English: false meadowbeauty

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Erect, suffrutescent herbs or subshrubs up to 0.5 m tall; young branches subquadrate, strigose.  Leaves ovate to oblong-ovate or elliptic, 1.4-4.5 cm long, 0.6-1.6 cm wide, 3-nerved, both surfaces sparsely to moderately strigose, margins entire or obscurely serrulate, apex acute, base obtuse to rounded, petioles 1-5 mm long.  Flowers usually 3-5 (-10) in bracteate, terminal glomerules, bracts and bracteoles ovate to lanceolate, 3.5-6 mm long, 1-2.5 mm wide at base, persistent, cilate; hypanthium covered with simple and stalked-stellate or branched hairs; calyx lobes triangular or oblong-ovate, 4-7.5 mm long, ca. 2 mm wide at base, ciliolate; petals obovate, ± obliquely truncate, 10-15 mm long, 10-14 mm wide; larger anthers pink, 3-4 mm long, connective prolonged 0.25-0.5 mm, with a 2-lobed appendage ca. 0.5 mm long, smaller anthers yellow, 2.5-3.5 mm long, with connective and appendage somewhat shorter but otherwise as in larger anthers.  Fruiting hypanthium 4-6 mm long, 2-5 mm wide.  Seeds ca. 0.5 mm long"  (Wagner et al., 1999; pp. 912-913).

Habitat/ecology:  In Hawai‘i, "apparently not cultivated, but weedy and locally naturalized in mesic to wet disturbed sites and trail margins"  (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 913).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  "Tropical regions of eastern South America from Santa Catarina, Brazil, north to the Lesser Antilles"  (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 913).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 913)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 913)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Lāna‘i Island introduced
invasive
Wood, K. R. (2006) (p. 18)
Voucheer cited: K. R. Wood 7531 (BISH, PTBG, F, K, MO, NY, US)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Moloka‘i Island introduced
invasive
Hughes, Guy D'Oyly (1995) (p. 7)
"Sparingly naturalized in wet mesic forest in disturbed areas". Voucher cited: Hughes 18 (US)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 913)
Voucher cited: Greenwell s.n. (BISH)


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This page was created on 25 OCT 2010 and was last updated on 28 OCT 2010.