Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Platymiscium stipulare
Benth., Fabaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Habit:  tree

Description:  "Tree to 70 feet tall, glabrous; branches ascending.  Leaf petiole 1.5-3 inches long; leaflets usually 5, ovate or elliptic, 3-5 x 1.4-2.4 inches, leathery, glossy, veins prominent.  Raceme 1 per leaf axil, flowers paired; pedicels to 0.2 inches long.  Flowers ca 0.5 inch long, fragrant; corolla yellow, standard petals ±circular; staminate filaments and pistil glabrous.   Fruit ellipsoid-oblong, 3.25-4 inches long, 1.25-1.4 inches wide, brownish tan, thickly papery.  Seed ellipsoid-oblong, 0.75-1 x 0.5-0.66 inches, greenish"  (Staples & Herbst, 2005; p. 322).

Habitat/ecology:  In Hawai‘i, sometimes planted as a street and shade tree (Frohlich & Lau, 2008; p. 4).  The original tree in Hawai‘i was planted in what is now the Foster Botanical Garden and resulted in hundreds of seedlings scattered throughout the estate. "Although this tendency makes propagation easy, it presents problems for gardeners in controlling undesired spread of this invasive plant"  (Staples & Herbst, 2005; p. 322).

Propagation:  "This tree produces many wind-dispersed seeds that germinate readily"  (Frohlich & Lau, 2008; p. 6).

Native range:  Colombia, Peru and Ecuador (Staples & Herbst, 2005; p. 322).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island   Bishop Museum (U.S.A. Hawaii. Honolulu.) (1985) (voucher ID: BISH 498441)
Taxon name on voucher: Platymiscium stipulare Benth.
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Frohlich, Danielle/Lau, Alex (2008) (pp. 6-7)
Voucher cited: D. Frohlich & A. Lau 2007081607 (BISH)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Colombia
Colombia
Colombia (Republic of) native
Staples, George W./Herbst, Derral R. (2005) (p. 322)
Ecuador (Mainland)
Ecuador
Ecuador (Republic of) (continental) native
Staples, George W./Herbst, Derral R. (2005) (p. 322)
Perú
Perú
Perú (Republic of) native
Macbride, J. Francis (1936) (p. (3/1) 268)
Perú
Perú
Perú (Republic of) native
Staples, George W./Herbst, Derral R. (2005) (p. 322)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 19 FEB 2010 and was last updated on 24 FEB 2010.