Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Piper peltatum
L., Piperaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Other Latin names:  Pothomorphe peltata (L.) Miq.

Common name(s): [more details]

English: largeleaf fingertree

Spanish: cachimuela, cordoncillo, Santa María

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Plants erect, rather stout, herbaceous throughout or nearly so, generally about 1.5 meters high, sparsely branched, the stems minutely puberulent or almost wholly glabrous, succulent; leaves large, long-petiolate, the petioles broad, long-vaginate; leaf blades very thin, ovate-orbicular or almost orbicular, mostly 20-30 cm long, sometimes broader than long, abruptly acute at the rounded apex, shallowly cordate at the base or rounded, peltate far above the base, sparsely and minutely puberulent or almost glabrous, deep green above, paler and puncticulate beneath, palmate-nerved from the point of insertion, the principal nerve with usually 2 divergent nerves arising on each side above the base; common peduncle shorter than the petiole, 1-7 cm long, glabrous or sparsely puberulent, bearing 4-10 spikes, these on peduncles 7-12 mm long; spikes pale green, mostly 8-9 cm long, 3.5 mm thick, very obtuse, the bracts puberulent" (Standley & Steyermark, 1952; pp. 313-314).

Habitat/ecology:  In Guatemala, "Moist or wet, lowland forest or thickets, sometimes in second growth, 600 meters or lower" (Standley & Steyermark, 1952; pp. 313-314).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  "Southern Mexico, southward to Panama; West Indies" (Standley & Steyermark, 1952; pp. 313-314). Mexico, Central America and northern South America (GRIN)

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Isabela Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Volcán Sierra Negra, Isabela Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Santa Cruz Group
Santa Cruz Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Colombia
Colombia
Colombia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Costa Rica
Costa Rica
Costa Rica (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Ecuador (Mainland)
Ecuador
Ecuador (Republic of) (continental) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Guatemala
Guatemala
Guatemala (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Honduras
Honduras
Honduras (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Nicaragua
Nicaragua
Nicaragua (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Panama
Panama
Panama (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Perú
Perú
Perú (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 19 JUN 2004 and was last updated on 31 OCT 2012.