Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Pinanga coronata
(Blume ex Martius) Blume, Arecaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  Evaluate, score: 2 (Go to the risk assessment).

Other Latin names:  Areca coronata Blume ex Mart; Pinanga kuhlii Blume

Common name(s): [more details]

English: Java pinanga palm

Habit:  tree

Description:  "Inflorescence unbranched (i.e. the spikes directly arising from the rachis), red when fruiting, totaling 15-26 cm; rachis and peduncle usually not clearly distinct, gradually narrowed from a very broad base, or almost equally broad throughout, strongly flattened, 2 1/2 - 11 cm; spikes 5-20, when dry erecto-patent or subarcuately ascending, straight or flexuous, (rather) stout, 7-36 cm; male flowers stramineous, glabrous; calyx 3-fid, minute; petals unequal, (obliquely) ovate, acuminate, 8 mm; stamens c. 12; filaments minute; anthers acute; female flowers calyx and corolla slightly different, persistent, c. 2 mm, afterwards subaccrescent; perianth-lobes orbicular-ovate, ciliate along the margins; style short; stigma discoid, large; staminodes (?) absent; fruit ellipsoid, tapering towards the ends, or distinctly obovoid, subobtuse at  apex, via orange at last red-purple, c. 9-13 mm (? ripe); very young fruit mammiform or tapering-cylindric; endosperm deeply ruminate.  Leaves up to 135 cm; sheath narrow, long, not or hardly frayed at the mouth, with reddish brown scales; petiole thin, up to 60 cm or more; segments not very numerous, linear to (upper ones!) suboblong, often somewhat falcate, the lower ones with undivided apex, the upper ones with broad, emarginate-dentate apex, (2-) 4-10-nerved, 22-100 cm by (2-) 4-6 (-9) cm.  Growing in clumps.  Stem slender, 2-5 cm diameter"  (Backer & Bakhuizen van den Brink, 1968; pp. 193-194).

Description on Palmweb.

Habitat/ecology:  "Occurring on very steep hillsides in montane forest and flat areas in lowland forest, from sea level to 1800 m above sea level"  (Witono et al., 2002, in Palmweb).  In Hawai‘i (O‘ahu), naturalized in Lyon Arboretum where  "very dense seedling thickets are common around planted specimens.  More than 50 mature, naturalized plants were seed scattered throughout the Arboretum.  Second and perhaps third-generation seedlings were also seen in the vicinity of these naturalized plants"  (Daehler & Baker, 2006; p. 5).  "Humid forest, sometimes also in teak-forest; not on limestone; 10-1600, especially above 600 [m]"  (Backer & Bakhuizen van den Brink, 1968; p. 194).

Propagation:  Seed, presumably dispersed by birds  (Daehler & Baker, 2006; p. 5).

Native range:  Rainforests of Java and Sumatra  (Daehler & Baker, 2006; p. 5). Java, Lesser Sunda Islands, Sumatra, Andaman and Nicobar Islands (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island introduced
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (p. 425)
As Pinanga kuhlii Bl. Voucher cited: DA 18579
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
As Pinanga kuhlii C.L. Blume
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Parker, James L./Parsons, Bobby (2012) (p. 66)
Voucher cited: J. Parker & R. Parsons BIED136 (BISH)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Daehler, Curtis C./Baker, Raymond F. (2006) (pp. 5-6)
Vouchers cited: C. Daehler 1305 (HAW), R. Hauff s.n. (BISH)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) introduced
cultivated
Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. (2009) (p. 69)
Cultivated only
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
India (Indian Ocean offshore islands)
Andaman Islands
Andaman Islands native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
India (Indian Ocean offshore islands)
Nicobar Islands
Nicobar Islands native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)


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This page was created on 20 FEB 2010 and was last updated on 11 FEB 2013.