Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Passiflora vitifolia
H.B.K., Passifloraceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  High risk, score: 11 (Go to the risk assessment)

Common name(s): [more details]

English: crimson passionflower, grapevine leaf passionfruit, perfumed passionflower, red passionflower, vine-leaved granadilla

French: passiflore à feuille de vigne

Habit:  vine

Description:  "LianasLeaves with blades 6-18 cm long, 6-15 cm wide, deeply 3-lobed, divided ca. 3/4 their length, the lobes lanceolate, lower surface pubescent, margins coarsely dentate to crenate, apex of lobes acuminate, base rounded to subcordate, petioles 1.8-6.5 cm long, with 2 saucer-shaped nectaries at base, stipules linear-lanceolate, ca. 5 mm long, often deciduous.  Flowers solitary, 10-18 cm in diameter, peduncles stout, 2.3-3.5 cm long; hypanthium tubular, ca. 1 cm long; sepals and petals bright red; corona red to bright yellow, with white spots or streaks, in 2 series, inner one tubular, outer one filamentous, 5-10 mm long.  Berries green with white speckles, ovoid, 4-7 cm long, 3-4 cm in diameter.  Self-incompatible"  (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 1014).

Habitat/ecology:  In Hawai‘i, "escaping from cultivation and now sparingly naturalized in mesic, disturbed forest, 100-130 m, below Lyon Arboretum, Mānoa Falls Trail, O‘ahu"  (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 1014).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  "Lowland Neotropics from Central America to Peru, frequently cultivated for its showy red flowers"  (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 1014).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 1014)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Colombia
Colombia
Colombia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Costa Rica
Costa Rica
Costa Rica (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Ecuador (Mainland)
Ecuador
Ecuador (Republic of) (continental) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Nicaragua
Nicaragua
Nicaragua (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Panama
Panama
Panama (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Perú
Perú
Perú (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 20 OCT 2011 and was last updated on 20 OCT 2011.