Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Passiflora rubra
Lam., Passifloraceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  High risk, score: 9 (Go to the risk assessment)

Common name(s): [more details]

English: red passionfruit

Maori (Cook Islands): pō kutekute, pō‘ue, pōkutekute, pōkutekute

Habit:  vine

Description:  "Stem densely grayish pubescent; stipules setaceous; petioles glandless; blades membranous, finely pubescent or rarely softly hirsute, 2-8 cm. along the midnerve, 4-11 cm. along the lateral nerves, 3-10 cm. wide, bilobed, the lobes widely divergent, or shallowly and subequally 3-lobed; peduncles solitary; bracts none; flowers up to 5 cm. wide; sepals linear-lanceolate, reddish or greenish without, white within; petals half as long as the sepals, white; corona prevailingly 1-ranked, the filaments narrowly liguliform or nearly filiform, purplish at the base, green or white above; operculum slightly plicate; ovary subglobose, densely hirsute with white or brownish hairs; fruit ovoid or obovoid, 2-2.5 cm. long, 1.5-1.8 cm. wide, rarely larger, tapering at the base, 10-angled; seeds black, transversely sulcate, the ridges smooth"  (Macbride, 1941; 13(4/1)122-123).

"Slender pubescent climber; stem, tendrils and petioles often tinged crimson; leaves 2-10 cm along the midrib, 4-10 cm across the tips of the lateral lobes; peduncle 1-6 cm long, longer in fruit, joined 1-2 mm below the calyx; calyx usually speckled pink within; corona pink to reddish-purple, darker at base; berry red, soft, hairy, 6-lined, ellipsoidal, about 2.5 cm long" (Adams, 1972; p. 495).

Habitat/ecology:  (no habitat/ecology info known by PIER)

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Tropical America.

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Aitutaki Atoll   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Aitutaki Atoll introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 14)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
‘Atiu Island   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
‘Atiu Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 14)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Mangaia Island   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Mangaia Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 14)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Ma‘uke Island   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Ma‘uke Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 14)
Subject of a control program.
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Miti‘aro Island   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Miti‘aro Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 14)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 14)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2002) (voucher ID: PTBG 40771)
Taxon name on voucher: Passiflora rubra L.
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Colombia
Colombia
Colombia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Ecuador (Mainland)
Ecuador
Ecuador (Republic of) (continental) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Perú
Perú
Perú (Republic of) native
Macbride, J. Francis (1936) (pp. 122-123)

Comments:  Present on cliffs, along roadsides and in disturbed areas throughout the southern Cook Islands (Space & Flynn, 2002).

On list of plants to be excluded from French Polynesia.


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 1 JAN 1999 and was last updated on 9 JAN 2013.