Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Passiflora quadrangularis
L., Passifloraceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  High risk, score: 11 (Go to the risk assessment)

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: da guo xi fan lian

English: giant granadilla, granadilla

French: barbadine

Mangarevan: para patini

Maori (Cook Islands): kūkuma, maratini, maratini, papatini, pāpatīni, pāpatīni, pārapōtini

Niuean: palasini, palatini, tinitini, vine fua lalahi, vinē palasini

Palauan: kudamono

Samoan: pasio

Spanish: badea, granadilla real

Tahitian: para pautini

Tongan: pāsione

Tongarevan (spoken): pālapōtini

Tongarevan (written): pārapōtini

Habit:  vine

Description:  "Lianas; stems 4-angled.  Leaves with blades ovate to broadly elliptic-ovate, 7.8-13 cm long, 6-10.2 cm wide, glabrous, margins entire, base shallowly cordate, petioles with 4-6 usually paired, globose nectaries 1-2 mm in diameter, stipules broadly ovate, 18-35 mm long.  Flowers campanulate, 7-10 cm in diameter; hypanthium 0.6-0.9 cm long; sepals and petals white or white tinged pink or purple; corona banded with purple, filamentous, wavy, ca. 3 cm long.  Berries green at maturity, oblong, 20-30 cm long, 10-20 cm wide, aril white or grayish."  (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 1012)

Habitat/ecology:  In Hawai‘i, "naturalized in wet forest" (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 1012). In Fiji, sparingly naturalized near sea level (Smith, 1981; p. 668). In New Caledonia, "est toujours peu commune dans les jardins" (MacKee, 1994; p. 113). Arid lowlands in the Galápagos Islands (McMullen, 1999; p. 315).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Tropical America; cultivated for its large edible fruit and ornamental flowers.

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Tutuila Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1975) (voucher ID: BISH 430273)
Taxon name on voucher: Passiflora quadrangularis L.
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Aitutaki Atoll   Sykes, Bill (year unknown)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
‘Atiu Island   Sykes, Bill (year unknown)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Mangaia Island   Sykes, Bill (year unknown)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Ma‘uke Island   Sykes, Bill (year unknown)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Miti‘aro Island   Sykes, Bill (year unknown)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island introduced
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2000) (p. 89)
"Potential invader"
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island   Sykes, Bill (year unknown)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1929) (voucher ID: BISH 168829)
Taxon name on voucher: Passiflora quadrangularis L.
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Floreana Group
Floreana Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Isabela Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Volcán Sierra Negra, Isabela Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
San Cristóbal Group
San Cristóbal Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Santa Cruz Group
Santa Cruz Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 175)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island introduced
cultivated
Herrera, Katherine/Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy/Balick, Michael J. (2010) (p. 120)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Yap (Waqab) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 175)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Rotuma Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1938) (voucher ID: BISH 618555)
Taxon name on voucher: Passiflora quadrangularis L.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Rotuma Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1938) (voucher ID: BISH 618556)
Taxon name on voucher: Passiflora quadrangularis L.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island introduced
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1981) (p. 668)
Vouchers cited: Smith 5029, DA 12253, Lady Cecil 238
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1960) (voucher ID: BISH 14696)
Taxon name on voucher: Passiflora quadrangularis L.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1947) (voucher ID: BISH 168909)
Taxon name on voucher: Passiflora quadrangularis L.
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Mangareva (Gambier) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Mangareva (Gambier) Island introduced
St. John, Harold (1988) (p. 20)
Voucher cited: Agassiz 124 (GH)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Fatu Hiva Island introduced
cultivated
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Fatu Hiva Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 7414 (PAP)
Naturalisée.
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Fatu Hiva Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1986) (voucher ID: BISH 545506)
Taxon name on voucher: Passiflora quadrangularis L.
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island introduced
cultivated
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: R.L. Oliver 3008 (PAP)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Tahuata (Tuhuata) Island introduced
cultivated
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Tahuata (Tuhuata) Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2003) (voucher ID: PTBG 39428)
Taxon name on voucher: Passiflora quadrangularis
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Huahine Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence & R. Tahuaitu 11531 (PAP)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Huahine Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1992) (voucher ID: BISH 643574)
Taxon name on voucher: Passiflora quadrangularis L.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Moorea Island introduced
cultivated
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 212)
Voucher cited: Quayle 138
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Moorea Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Raiatea (Havai) Island introduced
cultivated
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 212)
Voucher cited: Moore 279
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Raiatea (Havai) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Raiatea (Havai) Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1981) (voucher ID: PTBG 38209)
Taxon name on voucher: Passiflora quadrangularis L.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
cultivated
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 212)
Vouchers cited: Florence 8676, Grant 4610, Florence 7212
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Vouchers cited: J. Florence 7212 (PAP), J. Florence 8676 (PAP), P. Birnbaum 7 (PAP)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1986) (voucher ID: BISH 546513)
Taxon name on voucher: Passiflora quadrangularis L.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1986) (voucher ID: BISH 546514)
Taxon name on voucher: Passiflora quadrangularis L.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1987) (voucher ID: BISH 558191)
Taxon name on voucher: Passiflora quadrangularis L.
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rurutu Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 1012, 1014)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (pp. 1012, 1014)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
cultivated
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 113)
Vouchers cited: Grunow s.n. (W), Däniker 1495 (Z), MacKee 30689
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
cultivated
Sykes, W. R. (1970) (p. 164)
Voucher cited: CHR 169818
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
cultivated
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2000) (p. 25)
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
cultivated
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara M./Newfield, Melanie/Bull, Cate (2004) (p. 45)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 175)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 175)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island   Beleu National Museum (Republic of Palau. Koror.) (1966) (voucher ID: BNM 603)
Taxon name on voucher: Passiflora quadrangularis L.
Papua New Guinea
Bismarck Archipelago
Bismarck Archipelago introduced
Peekel, P. G. [translated by E. E. Henty] (1984) (p. 387)
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Island introduced
St. John, H. (1987) (p. 43)
Vouchers cited: Ross 36, St. John 15045
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Savai‘i Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 70)
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Savai‘i Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1931) (voucher ID: BISH 429243)
Taxon name on voucher: Passiflora quadrangularis L.
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands introduced
cultivated
Hancock, I. R./Henderson, C. P. (1988) (p. 97)
Tonga
Ha‘apai Group
Lifuka and Foa Islands introduced
cultivated
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2001) (p. 74)
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
‘Eua Island introduced
cultivated
Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (pp. 192-193)
Voucher cited: Yuncker 15665
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
‘Eua Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1953) (voucher ID: BISH 168834)
Taxon name on voucher: Passiflora quadrangularis L.
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island introduced
cultivated
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2001) (p. 55)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
China
China
China (People's Republic of) introduced
cultivated
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Cultivated. Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan.


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 1 JAN 1999 and was last updated on 12 DEC 2008.